Labuan


Labuan
/lah'booh ahn"/, n.
an island off the W coast of Sabah: part of Sabah state, E Malaysia: a free port. 14,904; 35 sq. mi. (90.65 sq. km).

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      island, East Malaysia, 6 miles (10 km) off northwestern Borneo in the South China Sea. Commanding the entrance to Brunei Bay, it is roughly triangular. Its chief town, Victoria, on the southeastern coast, is a free port whose deep, well-sheltered harbour is the principal transshipment point for the state of Brunei, northern Sarawak, and much of western Sabah. Low-lying and well-cultivated, the island has an extensive road network and a large airfield. Its chief products are rubber, copra, and sago. In 1990 the island was declared a tax haven by the Malaysian government as the first step toward developing it into an offshore financial centre.

      Ceded to the British (1846) by the sultan of Brunei as a base to suppress piracy, Labuan became a crown colony in 1848. After a period of administration by North Borneo (1890–1906), it was incorporated into the Straits Settlements. In 1946 the island became part of the colony of North Borneo (now Sabah), and Victoria, which was demolished during World War II, was rebuilt. During the period of Indonesian armed opposition to Malaysia (1963–66), Labuan was the headquarters for the Commonwealth defense forces.

      The island has broad, white beaches, and skin divers are attracted to the surrounding coral reefs. Historic landmarks include the war memorial cemetery and Surrender Point, where the Japanese surrendered to the Australians in 1945. Area 38 square miles (98 square km). Pop. (2001) 54,162.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Labuan — Labuan, eine kleine Insel an der Nordküste von Borneo, reich an Steinkohlen; dadurch, sowie durch ihre Lage in den stürmischen Gewässern des Indischen Archipels wichtig als Station für den Handel mit China. Sie wurde von Großbritannien durch den… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Labuan — Labuan, Insel, 10 km von der Nordwestküste von Borneo, unter 5°16´ nördl. Br., 1846 vom Sultan von Brunei an England abgetreten, 1890 der Britisch Nordborneogesellschaft unterstellt, jedoch Kronkolonie, 78 qkm mit (1901) 8411 Einw. (meist Malaien …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Labuan — Labuan, brit. Insel an der Nordwestküste von Borneo, 133 (78) qkm, (1901) 8411 E.; Station für den ind. chines. Seeverkehr; Hauptort Victoria (1500 E.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Labuan — Labuan, Insel nördl. von Borneo, von den Engländern gegen ihren Vertrag mit Holland besetzt, ist Station zwischen Singapore und Hongkong …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Labuan — [lä΄bo͞o än′] island of Malaysia, off the NW coast of Sabah: 35 sq mi (91 sq km) …   English World dictionary

  • Labuan — For the Australian warships named after the island, see HMAS Labuan. Federal Territory of Labuan Wilayah Persekutuan Labuan   Federal Territory   …   Wikipedia

  • Labuan — Bundesterritorium Labuan (Wilayah Persekutuan Labuan) لابوان Labuan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Labuan — Wilayah Persekutuan Labuan ولايه ڤرسکوتوان لابوان Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Labuan — 1 Original name in latin Labuan Name in other language Laboean, Laboehan, Labuan, Labuhan State code ID Continent/City Asia/Jakarta longitude 6.3784 latitude 105.83 altitude 12 Population 33576 Date 2012 01 17 2 Original name in latin Labuan Name …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Labuan — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Labuan est : Un port de la côte ouest de l île de Java en Indonésie, Un territoire fédéral de la Malaisie, Une île formant la partie principale du… …   Wikipédia en Français


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