knotless, adj.knotlike, adj.
/not/, n., v., knotted, knotting.
1. an interlacing, twining, looping, etc., of a cord, rope, or the like, drawn tight into a knob or lump, for fastening, binding, or connecting two cords together or a cord to something else.
2. a piece of ribbon or similar material tied or folded upon itself and used or worn as an ornament.
3. a group or cluster of persons or things: a knot of spectators.
4. the hard, cross-grained mass of wood at the place where a branch joins the trunk of a tree.
5. a part of this mass showing in a piece of lumber, wood panel, etc.
6. Anat., Zool. a protuberance or swelling on or in a part or process, as in a muscle.
7. a protuberance in the tissue of a plant; an excrescence on a stem, branch, or root; a node or joint in a stem, esp. when of swollen form.
8. any of various fungal diseases of trees characterized by the formation of an excrescence, knob, or gnarl.
9. an involved, intricate, or difficult matter; complicated problem.
10. Naut.
a. a unit of speed equal to one nautical mile or about 1.15 statute miles per hour.
b. a unit of 47 feet 3 inches (13.79 meters) on a log line, marked off by knots.
c. a nautical mile.
11. a bond or tie: the knot of matrimony.
12. Also called joint, node. Math. in interpolation, one of the points at which the values of a function are assigned.
13. tie the knot, Informal. to marry: They will tie the knot in November.
14. to tie in a knot; form a knot in.
15. to secure or fasten by a knot.
16. to form protuberances, bosses, or knobs in; make knotty.
17. to become tied or tangled in a knot.
18. to form knots or joints.
[bef. 1000; (n.) ME knot(te), OE cnotta; c. D knot, G knoten to KNIT; (v.) ME, deriv. of the n.]
Syn. 3. company, band, crew, gang, crowd. 7. lump, knob, gnarl. 9. perplexity, puzzle, conundrum.
/not/, n.
either of two large sandpipers, Calidris canutus or C. tenuirostris, that breed in the Arctic and winter in the Southern Hemisphere. Also called grayback.
[1425-75; late ME; orig. uncert.]

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In cording, the interlacement of parts of one or more ropes, cords, or other pliable materials, commonly used to bind objects together.

Knots have existed from the time humans first used vines and cordlike fibers to bind stone heads to wood in primitive axes, and were also used in the making of nets and traps. Knot making became sophisticated when it began to be used in the ropes, or rigging, that controlled the sails of early sailing vessels, and thus became the province of sailors. Knots are still depended on by campers and hikers, mountaineers, fishermen, and weavers, among others.

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 in zoology, any of several large, plump sandpiper birds in the genus Calidris of the subfamily Calidritinae (family Scolopacidae). The common knot (C. canutus), about 25 cm (10 inches) long including the bill, has a reddish breast in breeding plumage (hence another name, robin sandpiper); in winter it is plain gray. It breeds on dry, stony Arctic tundra and migrates great distances along the coasts of all continents; some winter as far south as Australia and New Zealand. Knots are highly sociable and stand almost body-to-body on the shore, moving like a carpet of birds as they feed. The great, or Asiatic, knot (C. tenuirostris) is a rare species in Siberia.

      in cording, the interlacement of parts of one or more ropes, cords, or other pliable materials, commonly used to bind objects together. Knots have existed from the time humans first used vines and cordlike fibres to bind stone heads to wood in primitive axes. Knots were also used in the making of nets and traps, but knot making became truly sophisticated only when it began to be used in the ropes, or rigging, that controlled the sails of early sailing vessels. Knot making thus became the province of sailors, who historically showed great skill and ingenuity in devising various kinds of knots for different purposes. With the coming of steam-powered engines to propel ships, the use of sails, rigging, and knots was much reduced, a trend that has continued even on modern sailboats because of the use of special cleats, winches, and other alternative devices to control the rigging. Knots are still widely used in daily life, though, and are depended on by campers and hikers, mountaineers, fishermen, and weavers, among others, or even by a person tying a shoelace or a package.

      The principal requirements of a good knot are that it not slip when made and that it be tied and untied without difficulty. There are many different ways of fastening together one rope or cord to another or of attaching a rope to a spar, ring, or other object. In the narrow sense of the term, a knot is a knob made on a rope by turning the rope in on itself through a loop, as in an overhand knot. A hitch is used to attach a rope to some other object such as a spar, while a bend is used to fasten one rope to another rope. The governing principle of all knots, hitches, and bends is that the strain which pulls against them draws their constituent parts more tightly together, and the resulting friction allows the knot to “hold.” The “standing part” of a rope refers to that part which leads from the knot being tied toward the load. Some of the more important knots are described below.

 The overhand knot (knot A in the Figure—>) is the simplest type of knot and is used to make a knob in a rope, string, or cord. It is used for tying packages, to keep rope ends from fraying, and as a first step in making more complex knots such as the surgeon's knot and the square knot. An overhand knot is made by crossing the rope end around the standing part to form a loop, bringing the rope's end through the loop, and pulling the rope taut. A slipknot (B) results when, in tying an overhand knot, a loop instead of the rope's end is slipped through the first loop. Such a knot is easily slipped loose by pulling on its free end. Shoelaces are usually tied with a double slipknot. A square knot (C) is composed of two overhand knots turned in opposite ways. It flattens when pulled tight, making it useful in first aid and for tying packages. A surgeon's knot (D) is an elaborated form of the square knot; it is composed of two overhand knots turned in opposite ways but with an additional twist taken after the first overhand is tied. This allows the parts of the rope to be held in place by friction until the second overhand is tied. The knot derived its name from its surgical use in tying a ligature around a cut artery.

      A half hitch (E) is the simplest form of hitch and is actually a variant of the overhand knot. It is made by passing the end of a rope around its standing part and through the loop thus formed. Two half hitches, formed by making a second half hitch around the rope's standing part, are often used to secure the end of a rope to itself after it has been wrapped around a ring, piling, or other mooring. The timber hitch, in which the rope is turned back on itself at least three times, is a rapidly tied variation that is used by loggers on tree trunks. A Blackwall hitch (F) is used to fasten a rope to a hook. It is made by doubling a rope near its end to form a loop and putting the shank of the hook through the loop so that the loop may be jammed between the rope's standing part and the hook. A more versatile knot used to attach a rope to a hook is the cat's-paw (G). It is made by twisting two parts of a rope in opposite directions, forming two side-by-side eyes through which the base of the hook is passed so that a sling hangs from the hook. The knot thus formed can be used to lift loads at any desired angle by varying its position in relation to the sling. The clove hitch (H), also called a builder's knot or a ratline hitch, is made by passing the rope's end around an object and then crossing it over the rope's standing part to form a loop, then passing the end around the object again to form a second loop, through which the end is passed. This knot is used to temporarily fasten a rope to a spar, mast, tree trunk, and so on. The knot can be detached simply by lifting it off the object. The clove hitch rarely slips, but it can work loose with continuous tugging.

      The sheet bend (I), or weaver's knot, is widely used by sailors for uniting two ropes of different sizes. The end of one rope is passed through a loop of the other, is passed around the loop, and under its own standing part. An ordinary fishnet is a series of sheet bends. The fisherman's, or anchor, bend (J) is an especially strong and simple knot that will not jam or slip under strain and can be untied easily. The knot is used to attach a rope to a ring, hook, anchor, or other object. It is made by taking two rounds of the rope around a solid object, then passing the end under both turns to form a pair of half hitches. When not under strain, however, the fisherman's bend may slip loose if the free end is not secured.

      The sheepshank (K) is a simple knot useful for temporarily shortening a rope. It is made by making a double loop in the rope and tying a half hitch at each end. It can be used to strengthen a rope at its weak point by placing the weak part in the middle between the two loops. The sheepshank will hold only while there is a strain on the knot to keep the half hitches taut. It can be secured either by slipping an object through each end of the loop or by an overhand knot tied over each loop.

      The bowline (L) forms a loop that cannot slip. It is a very common and useful knot that is used for mooring boats and hoisting or hauling objects. It is made by laying the rope's end over its standing part to form a loop over the end, then taking the end around behind the standing part and through the loop. A variant, the running bowline, is used to make a lasso, and another variant, the bowline on a bight, can be comfortably used as a sling to raise or lower a person seated in the loop.

      A splice (q.v.) is made by untwisting the constituent strands of two rope ends and weaving them together. seizing (q.v.) involves the fastening together of two ropes by means of another rope.

      in navigation, measure of speed at sea, equal to one nautical mile per hour (approximately 1.15 statute miles per hour). Thus, a ship moving at 20 knots is traveling as fast as a land vehicle at about 23 mph (37 km/hr). The term knot derives from its former use as a length measure on ships' log lines (log), which were used to measure the speed of a ship through the water. Such a line was marked off at intervals by knots tied in the rope. Each interval, or knot, was about 47 feet (14.3 metres) long. When the log was tossed overboard, it remained more or less stationary while its attached log line trailed out from the vessel as the latter moved forward. After 28 seconds had elapsed, the number of knots that had passed overboard was counted. The number of knots that ran out in 28 seconds was roughly the speed of the ship in nautical miles per hour.

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Universalium. 2010.


См. также в других словарях:

  • Knot — (n[o^]t), n. [OE. knot, knotte, AS. cnotta; akin to D. knot, OHG. chnodo, chnoto, G. knoten, Icel. kn[=u]tr, Sw. knut, Dan. knude, and perh. to L. nodus. Cf. {Knout}, {Knit}.] 1. (a) A fastening together of the parts or ends of one or more… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • knot — [nɒt ǁ nɑːt] noun 1. tie the knot JOURNALISM if two companies tie the knot, they join and become one company; = MERGE: • Banks across the country tied the knot as a way to cut costs and boost earnings. 2. [countable] a measurement of the speed at …   Financial and business terms

  • knot — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mos IIIb, Mc. knocie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} mały chłopiec, szkrab, malec : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Był tam taki mały knot. {{/stl 10}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}} {{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}knot II {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. a, Mc …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • knot — knot1 [nät] n. [ME knotte < OE cnotta, akin to Du knot, Swed knut, Ger knoten < IE * gn eu t < base * gen , to press together > KNOB, KNEAD] 1. a lump or knob in a thread, cord, etc., formed by passing one free end through a loop and… …   English World dictionary

  • Knot — Knot, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Knotted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Knotting}.] 1. To tie in or with, or form into, a knot or knots; to form a knot on, as a rope; to entangle. Knotted curls. Drayton. [1913 Webster] As tight as I could knot the noose. Tennyson …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • knot — ► NOUN 1) a fastening made by looping a piece of string, rope, etc. on itself and tightening it. 2) a tangled mass in hair, wool, etc. 3) a protuberance in a stem, branch, or root. 4) a hard mass in wood at the intersection of a trunk with a… …   English terms dictionary

  • Knot — Knot, v. i. 1. To form knots or joints, as in a cord, a plant, etc.; to become entangled. [1913 Webster] Cut hay when it begins to knot. Mortimer. [1913 Webster] 2. To knit knots for fringe or trimming. [1913 Webster] 3. To copulate; said of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • knot — [n1] bow, loop bond, braid, bunch, coil, connection, contortion, entanglement, gnarl, helix, hitch, joint, kink, ligament, ligature, link, mat, nexus, perplexity, rosette, screw, snag, snarl, spiral, splice, tangle, tie, twirl, twist, vinculum,… …   New thesaurus

  • knot|ty — «NOT ee», adjective, ti|er, ti|est. 1. full of knots: »knotty wood. ... the knotty side of an old Pollarel tree (Keats). A modern kitchen with knotty pine cabinets and exhaust fans (New York Times). SYNONYM(S): gnarled …   Useful english dictionary

  • knot — knot. См. узел. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Knot — (Kanutsvogel), so v.w. Strandläufer …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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