kiva


kiva
/kee"veuh/, n.
a large chamber, often wholly or partly underground, in a Pueblo Indian village, used for religious ceremonies and other purposes.
[1870-75, Amer.; < Hopi kíva (ki- house + unidentified element)]

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Underground chamber of the Pueblo Indian villages of the southwestern U.S., notable for the murals that decorate its walls.

A small hole in its floor, the sípapu, serves as the symbolic place of origin of the tribe. Though the kiva's primary purpose is for ritual ceremonies, men also use it for political meetings or casual gatherings. Women are almost always excluded from the kiva. The traditional round slope of the earliest kiva, in contrast to the otherwise square or rectangular Pueblo architecture, recalls the circular pit houses of the prehistoric basket-weaving culture from which these tribes, primarily Hopi and Zuni, descend.

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 subterranean ceremonial and social chamber built by the Pueblo Indians of the southwestern United States, particularly notable for the colourful mural paintings decorating the walls.

      The traditional round shape of the earliest kivas contrasts with square and rectangular forms common in residential pueblo architecture. The circular shape recalls the round pit houses of the prehistoric Ancestral Pueblo (Ancestral Pueblo culture) (Anasazi) from whom the Pueblo tribes are thought to have descended.

      A small hole in the floor of the kiva (sometimes carved through a plank of wood, sometimes dug into the earth) served as the symbolic place of origin of the tribe; the Hopi word for this element is sípapu. Although a kiva's most important purpose is as a venue for rituals, kivas can also be used for political meetings and casual gatherings of the men of the village. Women perform their rituals in other venues and rarely enter kivas.

  Kiva murals depict sacred figures or scenes from the daily life of the tribe. The style of these paintings tends to be geometric, with an emphasis on straight rather than curved lines and with the entire mural laid out in a linear pattern around the walls. The murals are painted on adobe plaster with warm, colourful pigments made from the rich mineral deposits of the area. Old murals are frequently plastered over in order to paint new designs on top; in recent years layers from a number of kiva murals have been unpeeled and restored.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kiva —   [indianisch] die, / s, Bezeichnung für eingetiefte runde oder rechteckige Kultstätten der Puebloindianer im Südwesten der USA; in ihnen wurden Zeremonien vorbereitet, Altäre errichtet und Götterfiguren aufgestellt. Die Kiva entstanden aus dem… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kiva — Ki va, n. [Hopi name, sacred chamber.] A large chamber built under, or in, the houses of a Pueblo village, used as an assembly room in religious rites or as a men s dormitory. It is commonly lighted and entered from an opening in the roof.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • kiva — ● kiva nom féminin (mot hopi) Chambre cérémonielle, secrète, semi souterraine, caractéristique des villages pueblos …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • kiva — ☆ kiva [kē′və ] n. [Hopi] in a Pueblo Indian dwelling, a large room used for religious and other purposes …   English World dictionary

  • KIVA — Infobox Broadcast call letters = KIVA (Defunct) station station slogan = station branding = analog = 11 (VHF) digital = other chs = affiliations = founded = February 26 1953 Ceased operations January 31 1970 airdate = October 8 1953 location =… …   Wikipedia

  • Kiva — A kiva is a room used by modern Puebloans for religious rituals, many of them associated with the kachina belief system. Among the modern Hopi and most other Pueblo peoples, kivas are square walled and above ground, and are used for spiritual… …   Wikipedia

  • Kiva —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Kiva (organisation philanthropique).  Kiva au Bandelier National Monument. Une kiva est une pièce, en général de plan circulaire et semi enterrée …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kiva — Cliff Palace/Mesa Verde Nationalpark, im Vordergrund eine Kiva Eine Kiva ist ein Zeremonien und Versammlungsraum der Pueblo Kulturen. Das Wort selbst stammt aus der Sprache der Hopi. Zu einem Pueblo gehören meist mehrere Kivas, eine große für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kiva — Este artículo se refiere al concepto arqueológico. Para la organización sin ánimo de lucro, véase Kiva (Organización). Gran Kiva en el Cañón del Chaco Nuevo México. La kiva es una habitación circular excavada en el suelo y recubierta de un techo …   Wikipedia Español

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