Kiddush


Kiddush
Seph. Heb. /kee doohsh"/; Ashk. Heb. /kid"euhsh/, n. Judaism.
a blessing recited over a cup of wine or over bread on the Sabbath or on a festival.
[ < Heb qiddush lit., sanctification]

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Jewish prayer or blessing recited over a cup of wine immediately before the meal on the eve of the Sabbath or a major festival, acknowledging the sanctity of the day that is beginning.

It is usually performed by the head of the household, but it may involve all family members. After the recitation, each person sips wine from the cup. In the Ashkenazi tradition, two loaves of bread on the table signify the manna gathered by the Israelites during their years of wandering in the wilderness.

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also spelled  Qiddush (Hebrew: “sanctification”) 

      Jewish benediction and prayer recited over a cup of wine immediately before the meal on the eve of the sabbath or of a festival; the ceremony acknowledges the sanctity of the day that has just begun. Chanting, or recitation, usually performed by the head of the household, may involve several or all members of the family, depending on the custom; each then sips wine from the cup, which was held in the right hand during the benediction. In the Ashkenazi (German) tradition, two covered loaves of bread (halloth) on the table symbolize the double portion of manna gathered before the sabbath by Israelites during their years of wandering in the wilderness. If no wine is available, bread may be used as a substitute.

      Following an ancient custom from the days when wayfarers and the poor lodged in synagogues, some congregations recite the Kiddush at the end of the Friday-evening service in the synagogue—except on the eve of the Passover (Pesaḥ), when the recitation is reserved for the Seder service. The Kiddush that is recited after the morning service of the sabbath and of the festival is preceded by appropriate readings from the Bible.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kiddush — (Hebrew: קידוש, literally, sanctification ) is a blessing recited over wine or grape juice to sanctify the Shabbat or a Jewish holiday. The Torah refers to two requirements concerning Shabbat to keep it and to remember it ( shamor and zakhor ).… …   Wikipedia

  • KIDDUSH — (Heb. קִדּוּשׁ, lit. sanctification, derived from kaddesh (קַדֵּשׁ; lit. to sanctify ), prayer recited over a cup of wine in the home and the synagogue to consecrate the Sabbath or festival in fulfillment of the biblical commandment to Remember… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • kiddush — [kid′oosh, ki do͞osh′] n. [TalmudHeb kidush, sanctification < root kdš: see KADDISH] Judaism a prayer recited over wine or bread on the eve of or on the day of the Sabbath or of a festival so as to set the day apart as holy …   English World dictionary

  • kiddush — ˈki(ˌ)du̇sh, dəsh; kə̇ˈdüsh noun ( es) Etymology: Hebrew qiddūsh sanctification : a Jewish ceremony that proclaims the holiness of the incoming Sabbath or festival and that consists of a benediction pronounced customarily before the evening meal… …   Useful english dictionary

  • kiddush — noun Etymology: Late Hebrew qiddūsh sanctification Date: 1753 a ceremonial blessing pronounced over wine or bread in a Jewish home or synagogue on a holy day (as the Sabbath) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • kiddush — noun A blessing recited over wine or grape juice in commemoration of the sanctity of the Shabbat or other Jewish holy day …   Wiktionary

  • kiddush — Oración o bendición judía recitada sobre una copa de vino que preludia la comida en la víspera del sabbat o una festividad importante, en la que se reconoce la santidad del día que está comenzando. Generalmente es pronunciada por el jefe de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kiddush — n. blessing said over wine on the Sabbath (Judaism) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • kiddush — [ kɪdʊʃ] noun a Jewish ceremony of prayer and blessing over wine, performed at a meal preceding the Sabbath or a holy day. Origin C18: from Heb. qiddūš sanctification …   English new terms dictionary

  • kiddush — kid·dush …   English syllables


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