Khutbah


Khutbah
/khoot"beuh/, n. Islam.
a sermon preached by an imam in a mosque at the time of the Friday noon prayer.
[1790-1800; < Ar khutbah]

* * *

▪ Islamic sermon
also spelled  Khutba,  Arabic  Khuṭbah,  

      in Islām, the sermon, delivered especially at a Friday service, at the two major Islāmic festivals (ʿīds), at celebrations of saintly birthdays (mawlids), and on extraordinary occasions.

      The khutbah probably derived, though without a religious context, from the pronouncements of the khaīb, a prominent tribal spokesman of pre-Islāmic Arabia. The khaīb expressed himself in beautiful prose that extolled the nobility and achievements of his tribesmen and denigrated the weakness of the tribe's enemies. Even Muḥammad presented himself as a khaṭīb after taking Mecca in 630. The first four caliphs, the Umayyad (Umayyad Dynasty) caliphs, and the Umayyad provincial governors all delivered khutbahs in their respective areas, though the content of the speeches was no longer strictly exhortatory but dealt with practical questions of government and on political problems and, on occasion, even included direct orders. Under the ʿAbbāsids (Abbāsid Dynastyʿ), the caliphs themselves no longer preached but assigned the function of khaīb to the religious judges (qadis). The pointed insistence of the ʿAbbāsids on clearing Islām of the secularism of the Umayyads probably helped strengthen the religious aspect of the khutbah.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Khutbah — (Arabic: (خطبة khuṭbah )) serves as the primary formal occasion for public preaching in the Islamic tradition. Such sermons occur regularly, as prescribed by the teachings of all legal schools, at the dhuhr (noon) congregation prayer on Friday.… …   Wikipedia

  • Khutbah — Khut bah, n. [Ar.] An address or public prayer read from the steps of the pulpit in Mohammedan mosques, offering glory to God, praising Mohammed and his descendants, and the ruling princes. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Khutbah — Khutba Religion religions abrahamiques : judaïsme · christianisme · islam C …   Wikipédia en Français

  • khutbah — noun /ˈkʊtbə/ A talk or sermon delivered in mosques before the Friday prayer, or at other special occasions …   Wiktionary

  • khutbah —    In Islamic worship, a sermon and a declaration of allegiance to a community leader. (pr. koot bah) …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • khutbah — khut·bah …   English syllables

  • khutbah — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Women as imams — This article is part of the series …   Wikipedia

  • AlMaghrib Institute — Type Non Profit Educational Industry Education Founded 2001 Founder(s) Muhammad Alshareef …   Wikipedia

  • Islamic arts — Visual, literary, and performing arts of the populations that adopted Islam from the 7th century. Islamic visual arts are decorative, colourful, and, in religious art, nonrepresentational; the characteristic Islamic decoration is the arabesque.… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.