khan


khan
khan1
/kahn, kan/, n.
1. (in the Altaic group of languages) a title held by hereditary rulers or tribal chiefs.
2. the supreme ruler of the Tatar tribes, as well as emperor of China, during the Middle Ages: a descendant of Genghis Khan.
3. a title of respect used in Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and other countries of Asia.
[1350-1400; ME Ca(a)n, Chan Turkic Khan, appar. contr. of Khagan, equiv. to Turk kagan ruler]
khan2
/kahn, kan/, n.
an inn or caravansary.
[1350-1400; < Ar < Pers; r. ME alchan < Ar (al the + khan)]

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I
Historically, the ruler or monarch of a Mongol tribe.

Early on a distinction was made between the title of khan and that of khākān, or "great khan." Later the term khan was adopted by the Seljuq and Khwārezm-Shāh dynasties as a title for the highest nobility. Gradually it became an affix to the name of any Muslim property owner. Today it is often used as a surname.
II
(as used in expressions)
Aqa Khan
Agha Khan
Ahmad Khan Sir Sayyid
Ayub Khan Mohammad
Chinggis Khan
Abdullah Jaffa Bey Khan

* * *

title
also spelled  Cham, 

      historically, the ruler or monarch of a Mongol tribe (ulus). At the time of Genghis Khan (early 13th century) a distinction was made between the title of khan and that of khākān, which was the title Genghis assumed as Great Khan, or supreme ruler of the Mongols. The term khan was subsequently adopted by many Muslim societies. Among the Seljuqs and the Khwārezm-Shāhs of Central and Southwest Asia, khan was the highest title of the nobility; in Ṣafavid Iran, it denoted a type of provincial governor. The meaning of the term eventually extended downward along the socioeconomic scale until khan became an affix to the name of any Muslim property owner, particularly in Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh. It is now often used as a surname.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:
, (of Tartary)


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Khan — 〈m. 1; dem Namen nachgestellter mongol. tatar. türk. Titel für〉 muslim. Fürst u. hoher persischer Beamter; oV Chan [<Turkspr. khan „Herr, Fürst“] * * * Khan , der; s, e [türk. han, älter: hakān, aus dem Mong.] (Geschichte): 1. a) <o.… …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • khan — m. Nombre que llevaron los *soberanos tártaros descendientes de Gengis Khan. Hoy se da a distintos dignatarios de Persia, Afganistán, etc. Algunos lingüistas defienden la forma de escritura y pronunciación «jan» como la más conforme a la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • khan — khan1 [kän, kan] n. [ME c(h)aan (sp. khan since 19th c.) < OFr chan or ML canus < Turkic khān, lord, prince < Mongolian qan, qaγan] 1. a title given to Genghis Khan and his successors, who ruled Mongolian and Turkic tribes of central… …   English World dictionary

  • Khan [1] — Khan (tatar., Fürst, Regent), 1) der Titel der mongolischen od. tatarischen Herrscher, welchen feil Dschingis Khan alle mongolischen u. türkischen Häuptlinge außer der Tatarei annahmen. Den Titel Khakhan (d.i. Khan der Khane) führten nur die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Khan — Khan, n. [Pers. & Tart. kh[=a]n.] [Also {kan}, {kaun}.] A king; a prince; a chief; a governor; so called among the Tartars, Turks, and Persians, and in countries now or formerly governed by them. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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