kerogen

kerogen
/ker"euh jeuhn, -jen'/, n.
the bituminous matter in oil shale, from which shale oil is obtained by heating and distillation.
[1905-10; < Gk keró(s) wax + -GEN]

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or kerogen shales or kerogenites

Complex mixture of compounds with large molecules containing mainly hydrogen and carbon but also oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur.

Kerogen is a precursor of petroleum and the organic component of oil shales. It is waxy and insoluble in water; upon heating, it breaks down into recoverable gaseous and liquid substances resembling petroleum. It consists of compacted organic material, such as algae and other low plant forms, pollen, spores and spore coats, and insects.

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      complex mixture of compounds with large molecules containing mainly hydrogen and carbon but also oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur. It is the organic component of oil shales (oil shale), hence their alternative names of kerogen shales or kerogenites. Kerogen is insoluble in water; upon heating, it breaks down into recoverable gaseous and liquid substances resembling petroleum. It may consist of compacted organic material, such as algae and other low plant forms, pollen, spores and spore coats, and both adult and larval insects. The name was first applied to oil-bearing shales in Scotland.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Kerogen — is a mixture of organic chemical compounds that make up a portion of the organic matter in sedimentary rocks. [ [http://www.glossary.oilfield.slb.com/Display.cfm?Term=kerogen Oilfield Glossary] ] It is insoluble in normal organic solvents because …   Wikipedia

  • Kerogen — ist das polymere organische Material, aus dem bei zunehmender geologischer Versenkung und Aufheizung Kohlenwasserstoffe gebildet werden. Es kommt in sedimentären Gesteinen in Form von fein verteilten organischen Mazeralen vor und ist bei weitem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • kerogen — [ker′ə jən] n. [< Gr kēros, wax + GEN] solid bituminous material in some shales, which yields petroleum when heated …   English World dictionary

  • Kerogen — Ke|ro|gen 〈n. 11〉 unlösliche organ. Verbindung fossiler Sedimente [<grch. keros „Wachs“ + gennan „erzeugen“] * * * Ke|ro|gen [griech. ke̅rós = Wachs; ↑ gen], das; s, e: Sammelbez. für aus vorzeitlichen Pflanzen u. Tieren entstandene,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • kerogen — noun Etymology: Greek kēros wax + English gen more at cerumen Date: 1906 bituminous material occurring in shale and yielding oil when heated …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • kerogen — noun any organic matter present in a sedimentary rock that is insoluble in organic solvents; the precursor of oil and natural gas …   Wiktionary

  • Kerogen — Ke|ro|gen 〈n.; Gen.: s, Pl.: e〉 unlösliche organ. Verbindung fossiler Sedimente [Etym.: <grch. keros »Wachs« + gennan »erzeugen«] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • Kerogen — Ke|ro|gen das; s, e <zu gr. kērós »Wachs« u. ↑...gen> organische Substanz der Ölschiefer (Mineral.) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • kerogen — ker·o·gen …   English syllables

  • kerogen — ker•o•gen [[t]ˈkɛr ə dʒən, ˌdʒɛn[/t]] n. pet the bituminous matter in oil shale from which shale oil is obtained by heating and distillation • Etymology: 1905–10; < Gk kēró(s) wax + gen …   From formal English to slang


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