Kelso


Kelso
/kel"soh/, n.
a town in SW Washington. 11,129.

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      small burgh (town) and agricultural market centre, Scottish Borders council area, historic county of Roxburghshire, southeastern Scotland. It lies on the River Tweed at the head of the Merse, a rich agricultural plain south of the Lammermuir Hills. The town has an important market and is noted for its yearly horse and ram sales.

      Like many of its neighbours, medieval Kelso suffered from border warfare with the English. The abbey was founded by King David I of Scotland (reigned 1124–53). Completed in the mid-13th century, it became one of the most powerful in Scotland, but it suffered damage in English raids and was reduced to ruins in 1545. The transept functioned as the parish church until 1771, and one vault was used as the town jail. The abbey was presented to the nation in 1919 by the duke of Roxburgh, and restoration was undertaken.

      Medieval Kelso was overshadowed by the nearby castle and flourishing royal burgh of Roxburgh (Roxburghshire), a favourite royal residence and prosperous town. After Roxburgh Castle's final destruction in 1460, the Scottish kings abandoned Roxburgh in favour of the rising burgh of Kelso, which had its royal status confirmed in 1634. After the erection of a bridge over the River Tweed in 1754, Kelso became a stop on the important London-to-Edinburgh coach route. John Rennie's new five-arched bridge over the Tweed in 1803 was his model for the famous London Bridge (1811). Pop. (2001) 5,116.

      city, seat (1932) of Cowlitz county, southwestern Washington, U.S., on the Cowlitz River, immediately northeast of Longview. Built on the site of the Cowlitz Indian village of Tiahanakshih, the area that became Kelso was settled in 1847 by Peter Crawford, a Scottish surveyor who laid out the town site in 1884 and named it for his hometown in Scotland. The city's economy is based chiefly on lumbering, fishing, dairying, and fruit growing. The Cowlitz County Historical Museum (1949) is located there. Seaquest State Park and Silver Lake (noted for fishing) are nearby. A riverfront section of the city, including more than 130 homes, was destroyed by a slow-moving mudslide in 1998 and 1999. Inc. town, 1889; city, 1908. Pop. (1990) 11,820; (2000) 11,895.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kelso — may refer to: Contents 1 Places 2 Companies 3 People 3.1 Surname 3.2 Given Name …   Wikipedia

  • Kelso — ist der Name folgender Orte: Kelso (Schottland), ein Marktort in Schottland Kelso (Neuseeland), eine Geisterstadt in Neuseeland Kelso (Kalifornien), eine Geisterstadt in den Vereinigten Staaten Kelso (Minnesota), eine Gemeinde in den Vereinigten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kelso —    KELSO, a burgh of barony, market town, and parish, in the district of Kelso, county of Roxburgh, 23 miles (S. W.) from Berwick, and 41 (S. E.) from Edinburgh, containing, with the village of Maxwellheugh, 5328 inhabitants, of whom 4594 are in… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Kelso — Kelso …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kelso — Kelso, MO U.S. village in Missouri Population (2000): 527 Housing Units (2000): 226 Land area (2000): 0.318767 sq. miles (0.825602 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.318767 sq. miles (0.825602 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Kelso, MO — U.S. village in Missouri Population (2000): 527 Housing Units (2000): 226 Land area (2000): 0.318767 sq. miles (0.825602 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.318767 sq. miles (0.825602 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Kelso, WA — U.S. city in Washington Population (2000): 11895 Housing Units (2000): 5067 Land area (2000): 8.082923 sq. miles (20.934673 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.286484 sq. miles (0.741989 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.369407 sq. miles (21.676662 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Kelso — Kelso, alte Stadt am Tweed in der schottischen Grafschaft Roxburgh; Gerbereien, Schuhmacherei, Wollenmanufacturen, Leinweberei, Vieh u. Getreidemärkte; 4700 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Kelso — Kelso, Stadt in Roxburghshire (Schottland), in herrlicher Lage am Zusammenfluß des Teviot und Tweed, mit Hochschule (Gymnasium), Wagenbau, Fabrikation von Ackerbau und Fischereigeräten und (1901) 4006 Einw. Dabei Floors Castle, der Sitz des… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kelso — This is an ancient Scottish locational surname. It is either from the town of Kelso in Roxburghshire, or an estate known as Kelsoland. It is also one of the earliest recorded surnames not just of Scotland but the whole British Isles, the name… …   Surnames reference


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