Katanga


Katanga
/keuh tahng"geuh, -tang"-/, n.
former name of Shaba.

* * *

▪ historical state, Africa
formerly (1972–97)  Shaba  

      historical region in southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo), bordering Lake Tanganyika to the east, Zambia to the south, and Angola to the west. The name Shaba, the region's name during the Zairean period, comes from the Swahili word for copper, and the region's mines yield most of Congo's copper, cobalt, uranium, zinc, cadmium, silver, germanium, coal, gold, iron, manganese, and tin. Local people used those minerals before the arrival of Europeans in the 19th century. Economic development since 1900 has brought about a complex of mining and industrial towns and transportation and communications networks, which make the region the most highly industrialized in Congo outside of Kinshasa, the national capital. Agriculture (cotton, tobacco, corn [maize], and vegetables), livestock herding, and poultry raising are also significant. The major towns of the region include Lubumbashi, Likasi, and Kolwezi. Upemba and Kundelungu national parks are in Katanga.

      Katanga was under Belgian colonial administration from 1885 and was the scene of much strife following independence. In 1960, led by a local politician, Moise Tshombe (Tshombe, Moise), and supported by foreign mining interests, Katanga seceded from the newly independent Congo and entered into a period of political confusion and bloodshed involving Congolese, Belgian, and United Nations forces. After the fighting ended in 1963, the region gradually became reintegrated into the republic, while some rebel leaders took refuge in Angola. In 1977 they unsuccessfully invaded Zaire (as Congo was then called) from Angola, and unrest continued into the late 20th century.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Katanga — (Shaba de 1972 à 1997) région de la rép. dém. du Congo, dans le S. E. du pays; 496 965 km²; 4 342 000 hab.; ch. l. Lubumbashi. Cette rég. de plateaux, dont l alt. excède 1 000 m, recèle de considérables richesses minières: cuivre surtout, étain,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Katanga — es la provincia más sureña de la República Democrática del Congo. Su capital regional es Lubumbashi (anteriormente, Elizabethville). Ocupa una superficie de 518.000 km² y cuenta con una población aproximada de 4 1 millones de habitantes. Las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Katanga — Katanga, Fluß im Gouvernement Jeniseisk (Asiatisches Rußland), mündet in die Kataganska Guba (Bucht des Nördlichen Eismeers) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Katanga — (Garanganja), bergige Landschaft im südöstlichen Kongostaat, zwischen dem Luapula im O. und dem Lualaba im W., mitten durchflossen vom Lufira, teils Wald , teils Steppengebiet, reich an Kupfererz. Der Hauptort Bunkeia oder Kimpatu ist Msiris… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Katanga — Katanga, Teil des Kongostaates, s. Msidis Reich …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Katanga — Katànga ž DEFINICIJA geogr. pokrajina u Kongu, bogata nalazišta bakra, 1961. neuspio pokušaj izdvajanja iz Konga …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Katanga — 11°08′28″S 027°06′17″E / 11.14111, 27.10472 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Katanga — Estado de Katanga La bandera de Katanga durante el periodo de su independencia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Katanga — Der Begriff Katanga kann sich beziehen auf eine noch bestehende Provinz der Demokratischen Republik Kongo, s. Katanga (Provinz) eine nach der geplanten Aufspaltung obiger Provinz neu zu bildende Provinz, s. Ober Katanga ein Plateau in der Provinz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Katanga — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Katanga Country and Admin Code CD.05 CD …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.