- Karelian Isthmus
a narrow strip of land between Lake Ladoga and the Gulf of Finland, in the NW Russian Federation.
* * *Russian Karelsky Peresheyek , Finnish Karjalan Kannasneck of land lying between Lake Ladoga (east; in Saint Petersburg oblast [province]) and the Gulf of Finland (west; part of the Baltic Sea). The isthmus shows evidence of ancient glaciation; its long, winding morainic hills, which reach an elevation of about 570 feet (175 m) in the south, are separated by countless lake-filled hollows and swamps, and its soil, sand, and rocks reveal glacial deposition. Much of the region is covered by evergreen forests.Claimed by Russia to have been part of Rus from the 9th century, the isthmus was captured by Sweden at the beginning of the 17th century. It was ceded to Russia in 1721 with the Treaty of Nystad, but it was further negotiated as part of independent Finland in 1918. In about 1929, Finland began to construct the fortifications of the so-called Mannerheim Line across the isthmus. The purpose of this demarcation was to guard against the threat posed by the Soviet Union, which sought a section of the isthmus in order to protect Leningrad (Saint Petersburg). After refusing to negotiate, the Finnish government was forced by the Soviet victory in the four-month Russo-Finnish War (1939–40) to give up the isthmus and other territories.Remains of 13th- and 14th-century fortifications, as well as the Swedish fortress at Vyborg, are attractions, and a number of cities on the shores of the isthmus are popular resort areas. The isthmus was the headquarters of V.I. Lenin for several periods between 1906 and 1917, and the artist I.Y. Repin lived in Kuokkala (now Repino) from 1902 to 1930.
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Karelian Isthmus — isthmus in Karelia, NW Russia, between the Gulf of Finland & Lake Ladoga: 90 mi (145 km) long … English World dictionary
Karelian Isthmus — See Karelia (disambiguation) for other meanings of the name Karelia. : For the Amorphis album, see The Karelian Isthmus. The Karelian Isthmus ( fi. Karjalan kannas, Karjalankannas; sv. Karelska näset; ru. Карельский перешеек) is a stretch of land … Wikipedia
Karelian Isthmus — noun the isthmus between the Gulf of Finland and Lake Ladoga that connects Finland and Russia • Instance Hypernyms: ↑isthmus * * * a narrow strip of land between Lake Ladoga and the Gulf of Finland, in the NW Russian Federation … Useful english dictionary
Karelian Isthmus — geographical name isthmus Russia in Europe between Gulf of Finland & Lake Ladoga … New Collegiate Dictionary
Karelian Isthmus — Kare′lian Isth′mus n. geg a narrow strip of land between Lake Ladoga and the Gulf of Finland, in the NW Russian Federation … From formal English to slang
Karelian Isthmus — /kəˌreɪljən ˈɪsməs/ (say kuh.raylyuhn ismuhs), /kəˌriliən/ (say kuh.reeleeuhn) noun a neck of land between Lake Ladoga and the Gulf of Finland; links Russia with Finland … Australian English dictionary
The Karelian Isthmus — Studioalbum von Amorphis Veröffentlichung 1. November 1992 Label Relapse Records … Deutsch Wikipedia
Finnish reconquest of the Karelian Isthmus (1941) — The Finnish reconquest of the Karelian Isthmus (1941) refers to a military campaign carried out by Finland in 1941. It was part of what is commonly referred to as the Continuation War. Finnish forced reconquered the Karelian Isthmus, lost to the… … Wikipedia
The Karelian Isthmus — Студийный альбом Amorphis Дата выпуска … Википедия
The Karelian Isthmus — Infobox Album Name = The Karelian Isthmus Type = studio Artist = Amorphis Released = November 10, 1992 Recorded = May 1992 Genre = Death/doom Folk metal Length = 44:34 Label = Relapse Producer = Amorphis, Tomas Skogsberg Reviews = * Allmusic… … Wikipedia