Kansa


Kansa
/kan"zeuh, -seuh/, n., pl. Kansas, (esp. collectively) Kansa for 1.
1. a member of a North American Indian people formerly of eastern Kansas, now living mostly in northern Oklahoma.
2. the Siouan language of the Kansa. Also called Kaw.
/kahn"seuh/, n. Hindu Legend.
a tyrannical king killed by Krishna.

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people
also spelled  Konza , also called  Kaw 
 North American Indians of Siouan (Siouan languages) linguistic stock who lived along the Kansas and Saline rivers in what is now central Kansas. It is thought that the Kansa had migrated to this location from an earlier prehistoric territory on the Atlantic coast. They are related to the Omaha, Osage, Quapaw, and Ponca.

 Like many other Plains Indians (Plains Indian), the Kansa were traditionally a semisedentary people whose economy combined hunting and farming. Two or three Kansa families might live together in a large dome-shaped earth lodge; earth lodges were grouped in villages. Each village was presided over by one or more chiefs chosen for wisdom and bravery. Later, chieftainship became hereditary. Kansa men were notable for carefully plucking all their facial and head hair, except for a scalp lock running along the top and back of the head.

      The Kansa religion involved animism and a pantheon of spirit beings, or wakan, of differing rank and power. The wakan were associated with natural phenomena such as the sun, light, darkness, woods, and grasslands. Adolescent boys went through a puberty rite known as the vision quest, a period of isolation and self-denial undertaken to invoke dreams of the future and to connect with supernatural phenomena. Kansa burial customs were well-developed and of considerable complexity. After the women of the tribe had painted the face of the deceased and covered the body with bark and a buffalo robe, it was given directions to the land of the dead. The deceased, accompanied by garments, weapons, pipe, and a supply of food, was placed in a shallow grave on a hill and covered with rock slabs.

      In 1846 the Kansa were assigned a reservation at Council Grove (Kansas), their last home before removal to Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) in 1873. Before the reservation period their population had been much reduced by recurrent warfare with the Fox, Omaha, Osage, Pawnee, and Cheyenne. Pressure from these groups and from colonial sources—the Spanish, English, French, and finally U.S. settlers—undermined the Kansa subsistence economy. Their estimated population in the late 18th century was 3,000.

      Population estimates in the early 21st century indicated approximately 2,000 individuals of Kansa descent.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Kansa — can refer to * Kaw (tribe), also known as Kanza or Kansa * Kamsa, a character in Hindu mythology, also known as Kansa or Kans * Tapani Kansa, a Finnish singer * Kansa Project is a world wide art project for peace and self determination * Kansa,… …   Wikipedia

  • Kansa — Kansa, rey despótico de Madura, a quien se le pronosticó que un sobrino suyo le daría muerte. Para eludir ese destino, el tirano hizo dar muerte a los seis primeros hijos de su hermana Devaki, esposa de Vasudeva. Estando encinta de su séptimo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • känsä — • känsä, kovettuma, käsnä …   Suomi sanakirja synonyymejä

  • Kansa — Ehemaliges Stammesgebiet der Kansa und benachbarter Stämme und heutige Reservate in Nebraska und Oklahoma Die Kansa (Windmenschen), auch Kaw, Konza oder Kasa genannt, sind ein nordamerikanisches Indianervolk aus dem Dhegiha Zweig der Sioux… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kansa — Para el rey mitológico de Mathura, véase Kamsa. Kansa Localidad de la India …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kansa — Kamsa Kamsa ou Kansa (en sanskrit : कंस, en hindi : Kans), est, dans l hindouisme, le fils du roi Ugrasena et de la reine Padmavati, et le demi frère de Devakî, . Ayant renversé son père, il devint roi de Mathurâ et épousa Asti et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • kansa — • väestö, asujaimisto, asukkaat, kansa, populaatio, väki …   Suomi sanakirja synonyymejä

  • Kansa — noun 1. a member of the Siouan people of the Kansas river valley in Kansas • Syn: ↑Kansas • Hypernyms: ↑Dhegiha 2. the Dhegiha dialect spoken by the Kansa • Syn: ↑Kansas • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kansa — noun a) A Native American people who used to inhabit parts of Kansas (from whom it derives its name). b) Their language. Syn: Kaw …   Wiktionary


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