/kah'lee mahn"tahn/, n.
Indonesian name of Borneo, esp. referring to the southern, or Indonesian, part.

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      southern three-quarters of the island of Borneo (q.v.) that is politically part of Indonesia. Indonesians, however, use the word as a geographic term for the entire island. The origin of the name Kalimantan is obscure. In Sarawak the term Kelamantan refers to the sago-eating peoples of northern Borneo. Indonesian Kalimantan is divided into four propinsi-propinsi (provinces): Kalimantan Barat, Kalimantan Tengah, Kalimantan Selatan, and Kalimantan Timur.

      The history of Indonesian Borneo is closely linked to that of India, and there is considerable evidence of Indian cultural influences. Inscriptions in Sanskrit that date from the late 5th century have been found there, as well as an early Buddha figure. Numbers of other Buddhist and Hindu images that date from the 7th to the 11th century and that show Javanese influence have also been found in eastern Borneo. The Śrivijaya empire of Sumatra was, in fact, the predominant power in southern and western Borneo from the 7th century until the Majapahit empire of eastern Java conquered the area in the 14th century. With the arrival of Islām in the 16th century, a number of separate Muslim states were formed. In the first half of the 17th century, the Dutch extended their influence in Borneo by a series of trade and fortification agreements with individual states and also by intervening in internal disputes. British involvement in the affairs of the sultanate of Brunei and the British acquisition of territory eventually led the Dutch to adopt a more active policy of expansion. By 1863 they had established colonial rule, though sporadic resistance continued until 1905. The island was occupied by the Japanese during World War II. With news of Japanese surrender came a strong Indonesian independence movement, and, though the Dutch at first attempted to retain control, Kalimantan became a part of the Republic of Indonesia in 1949–50.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Kalimantan — est la partie indonésienne de l île de Bornéo, au centre ouest de la carte …   Wikipédia en Français

  • KALIMANTAN — Située au cœur de l’Insulinde, la grande île de Bornéo compte parmi les rares régions du globe encore largement inexplorées. Ses 736 000 km2 sont couverts par une immense forêt. La plus grande partie de l’île, Kalimantan, (539 400 km2),… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kalimantan — es la parte indonesia de la isla de Borneo, aproximandamente en el centro de este mapa. La toponimia está en inglés …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kalimantan — [kä΄lē män′tän΄] S part of the island of Borneo, belonging to Indonesia: 208,286 sq mi (539,459 sq km); pop. 9,100,000; chief city, Banjarmasin …   English World dictionary

  • Kalimantan — right|thumb|Map of Kalimantan (white color) and its subdivisions.Note: Where West Kalimantan is mentioned it should be East Kalimantan and vice versaIn most languages in the world, the term Kalimantan refers to the Indonesian portion of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Kalimantan — Borneo mit Kalimantan, Sabah, Sarawak und Brunei Kalimantan ist der in Indonesien gebräuchliche Name für die Insel Borneo. International wird er benutzt, um speziell den indonesischen Teil der Insel in Abgrenzung zu den malaysischen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kalimantan — geographical name 1. see Borneo 2. the S & E part of Borneo belonging to Indonesia; formerly (as Dutch Borneo) part of Netherlands Indies …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Kalimantan — ► Nombre indonesio de Borneo. En sentido riguroso se refiere solo a la parte indonesia de la isla; 539 460 km2 y 8 677 459 h. Está dividido en cuatro provincias: K. Central (K. Tengah) (152 600 km2 y 1 273 948 h), cap. Palangkaraya; K. Meridional …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kalimantan — Kalimạntan,   indonesischer Name von Borneo …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kalimantan — Indonesian segment of Borneo …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

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