jute


jute
jutelike, adj.
/jooht/, n.
1. a strong, coarse fiber used for making burlap, gunny, cordage, etc., obtained from two East Indian plants, Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, of the linden family.
2. either of these plants.
3. any plant of the same genus.
[1740-50; < Bengali jhuto]

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Either of two herbaceous annuals (Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, in the linden family), or their fibre.

The plants grow 10–12 ft (3–4 m) high and have long, serrated, tapered, light green leaves and small yellow flowers. Jute has been grown and processed in the Bengal area of India and Bangladesh since ancient times. Its biggest use is in burlap sacks and bags, which are used to ship and store many agricultural products. High-quality jute cloths are used as backing for tufted carpets and hooked rugs. Coarser jute fibres are made into twines, rough cordage, and doormats.

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people
      member of a Germanic people who, with the Angles and Saxons, invaded Britain in the 5th century AD. The Jutes have no recorded history on the European continent, but there is considerable evidence that their home was in the Scandinavian area (probably Jutland) and that those who did not migrate were later absorbed by the Danes. According to the Venerable Bede (Bede the Venerable, Saint), the Jutes settled in Kent, the Isle of Wight, and parts of Hampshire. In Kent their name soon died out, but there is considerable evidence in the social structure of that area that its settlers were of a different race from their neighbours. There is archaeological evidence to confirm Bede's statement that the Isle of Wight and Kent were settled by the same people, and their presence in Hampshire is confirmed by place-names.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • jute — jute …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • juté — juté …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • jute — [ ʒyt ] n. m. • 1849; mot angl., du bengali jhuto 1 ♦ Plante herbacée (tiliacées), cultivée pour les fibres textiles longues et soyeuses de ses tiges. 2 ♦ Fibre textile qu on en tire après rouissage et décorticage. Le jute est résistant et bon… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jute — Fasertyp Naturfaser, Bastfaser Eigenschaften Faserlänge Faserbündel bis 300  cm (ca. 20 Einzelfasern); Einzelfaser etwa 2 mm …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jute — Sf per. Wortschatz fach. (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. jute und zunächst wie dieses ausgesprochen. Das englische Wort stammt aus hindī jūṭ, Bezeichnung der betreffenden Faser, die zunächst nach England eingeführt und dort verarbeitet… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Jute — (j[=u]t), n. [Hind. j[=u]t, Skr. j[=u][.t]a matted hair; cf. ja[.t]a matted hair, fibrous roots.] The coarse, strong fiber of the East Indian {Corchorus olitorius}, and {Corchorus capsularis}; also, the plant itself. The fiber is much used for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jute — (spr. dschūte, Paathanf, Bengalhanf, Kalkuttahanf, Judhanf, Indian grass, Gunny fibre), die Bastfaser mehrerer Corchorus Arten, besonders von Corchorus capsularis (s. Tafel »Faserpflanzen I«, Fig. 3, mit Text) und C. olitorius, die hauptsächlich… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • jute — [ dʒut ] noun uncount a substance from plants that is used for making cloth or rope a. a plant that produces jute …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Jute — Jute, ein aus Ostindien stammender Spinnstoff, welcher wegen seiner Länge, Feinheit u. Wohlfeilheit häufig nach Europa gebracht u. zur Verfälschung anderer Gewebe benutzt wird. Die Faser läßt sich sehr sein hecheln u. glänzend herrichten, ist… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Jute — Jute, s. Spinnfasern …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Jute — Jute, Judhanf, Pahthanf, Gunny, gelbliche bis braune, seidenartig glänzende, dem Manilahanf ähnliche Bastfasern mehrerer Arten der Pflanzengattg. Corchorus (s.d. und Tafel: Nutzpflanzen II, 2), werden (ähnlich wie beim Flachs) durch einen… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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