Justice


Justice
/jus"tis/, n.
1. Donald, born 1925, U.S. poet.
2. a town in NE Illinois. 10,552.

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I
In philosophy, the concept of a proper proportion between a person's deserts (what is merited) and the good and bad things that befall or are allotted to him or her.

Aristotle's discussion of the virtue of justice has been the starting point for almost all Western accounts. For him, the key element of justice is treating like cases alike, an idea that has set later thinkers the task of working out which similarities (need, desert, talent) are relevant. Aristotle distinguishes between justice in the distribution of wealth or other goods (distributive justice) and justice in reparation, as, for example, in punishing someone for a wrong he has done (retributive justice). The notion of justice is also essential in that of the just state, a central concept in political philosophy. See also law.
II
(as used in expressions)

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • JUSTICE — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Justice (homonymie). Avertissement : cet article traite principalement de la conception occidentale de la justice qui a tendance à se généraliser au XXIe siècle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • justice — [ ʒystis ] n. f. • 1080; lat. justitia 1 ♦ Juste appréciation, reconnaissance et respect des droits et du mérite de chacun. ⇒ droiture, équité, impartialité, intégrité, probité. Agir avec justice. « La justice est le respect de la dignité humaine …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Justice — is the concept of moral rightness based on ethics, rationality, law, natural law, fairness and equity. A conception of justice is one of the key features of society. Theories of justice vary greatly, but there is evidence that everyday views of… …   Wikipedia

  • justice — Justice, Iustitia. Aspre, et fort estroicte, ou rigoureuse justice, Abscissior iustitia. Justice est logée en l entendement, Consedit in mente iustitia. S il n estoit ainsi, justice ne bonté n auroit aucun lieu entre les hommes, Quod ni ita se… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • justice — jus·tice / jəs təs/ n [Old French, from Latin justitia, from justus just] 1 a: the quality of being just, impartial, or fair it is not the province of the court to decide upon the justice or injustice...of these laws Scott v. Sanford, 60 U.S. 393 …   Law dictionary

  • justice — Justice. s. f. Vertu morale, qui rend à chacun ce qui luy appartient. La justice est la Reine des vertus. ce Prince gouverne avec justice. les Estats sans justice sont de grands brigandages. chacun le sien, c est justice. il n y a point de… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Justice — • In its ordinary and proper sense, signifiies the most important of the cardinal virtues Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Justice     Justice      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • JUSTICE — has widely been said to be the moral value which singularly characterizes Judaism both conceptually and historically. Historically, the Jewish search for justice begins with biblical statements like Justice (Heb. ẓedek), justice shall ye pursue… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Justice — Jus tice (j[u^]s t[i^]s), n. [F., fr. L. justitia, fr. justus just. See {Just}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. The quality of being just; conformity to the principles of righteousness and rectitude in all things; strict performance of moral obligations;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • JUSTICE — is a human rights and law reform organisation based in the United Kingdom. It is the British section of the International Commission of Jurists, the international human rights organisation of lawyers devoted to the legal protection of human… …   Wikipedia

  • Justice — Justice …   Википедия


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