jurisdiction


jurisdiction
jurisdictional, adj.jurisdictive, adj.jurisdictionally, adv.
/joor'is dik"sheuhn/, n.
1. the right, power, or authority to administer justice by hearing and determining controversies.
2. power; authority; control: He has jurisdiction over all American soldiers in the area.
3. the extent or range of judicial, law enforcement, or other authority: This case comes under the jurisdiction of the local police.
4. the territory over which authority is exercised: All islands to the northwest are his jurisdiction.
[1250-1300; ME < L juris diction- s. of juris dictio (see JUS, DICTION); r. ME jurediccioun < OF juredicion < L, as above]

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Authority of a court to hear and determine cases.

This authority is constitutionally based. Examples of judicial jurisdiction are: appellate jurisdiction, in which a superior court has power to correct legal errors made in a lower court; concurrent jurisdiction, in which a suit might be brought to any of two or more courts; and federal jurisdiction. A court may also have authority to operate within a certain territory. Summary jurisdiction, in which a magistrate or judge has power to conduct proceedings resulting in a conviction without jury trial, is limited in the U.S. to petty offenses.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • jurisdiction — ju·ris·dic·tion /ˌju̇r əs dik shən/ n [Latin jurisdictio, from juris, genitive of jus law + dictio act of saying, from dicere to say] 1: the power, right, or authority to interpret, apply, and declare the law (as by rendering a decision) to be… …   Law dictionary

  • jurisdiction — jur‧is‧dic‧tion [ˌdʒʊərsˈdɪkʆn ǁ ˌdʒʊr ] noun [uncountable] LAW the official right and power to make decisions about something: jurisdiction over • The bankruptcy court now has jurisdiction over the company s assets. • This matter is outside my …   Financial and business terms

  • jurisdiction — JURISDICTION. s. f. (l S ne se prononce point,) & beaucoup écrivent Juridiction. Pouvoir du Juge, de celuy qui a droit de juger. Jurisdiction Ecclesiastique. Jurisdiction Laïque. Jurisdiction ordinaire. cela est de vostre jurisdiction, sous… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • jurisdiction — Jurisdiction, Iurisdictio. Petites jurisdictions et destroicts estans en Italie, où les Romains envoyoient tous les ans quelqu un pour les gouverner et dire droict, Praefecturae. Exercer jurisdiction, Dicere ius. Exercice de la jurisdiction,… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Jurisdiction — Ju ris*dic tion, n. [L. jurisdictio; jus, juris, right, law + dictio a saying, speaking: cf. OF. jurisdiction, F. juridiction. See {Just}, a., and {Diction}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Law) The legal power, right, or authority of a particular court to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jurisdiction — (n.) early 14c. administration of justice (attested from mid 13c. in Anglo Latin), from O.Fr. juridiccion (13c.) and directly from L. iurisdictionem (nom. iurisdictio) administration of justice, jurisdiction, from ius (gen. iuris; see JURIST (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • Jurisdiction — (v. tat), 1) im Allgemeinen die Befugniß, Recht zu sprechen; daher so v.w. Gerichtsbarkeit (s.d.); 2) im alten Rom die Befugniß zu dem, was der Magistrat im ordentlichen Verfahren zur Einleitung des Processes zu thun hatte. Die J. kam nur den… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • jurisdiction — *power, authority, control, command, sway, dominion Analogous words: limits, bounds, confines (see singular nouns at LIMIT): *range, scope, compass, reach: circuit, periphery (see CIRCUMFERENCE): province, office, *function, duty: domain,… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • jurisdiction — [n] area of authority administration, arbitration, area, authority, bailiwick, bounds, circuit, command, commission, compass, confines, control, discretion, district, domination, dominion, empire, extent, field, hegemony, influence, inquisition,… …   New thesaurus

  • jurisdiction — ► NOUN 1) the official power to make legal decisions and judgements. 2) the territory or sphere over which the legal authority of a court or other institution extends. 3) a system of law courts. DERIVATIVES jurisdictional adjective. ORIGIN Latin …   English terms dictionary

  • jurisdiction — [joor΄is dik′shən] n. [ME jurisdiccioun, altered (infl. by L) < OFr juridiction < L jurisdictio, administration of the law < jus (gen. juris,), law + dictio: see JURY1 & DICTION] 1. the administering of justice; authority or legal power… …   English World dictionary


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