junk


junk
junk1
/jungk/, n.
1. any old or discarded material, as metal, paper, or rags.
2. anything that is regarded as worthless, meaningless, or contemptible; trash.
3. old cable or cordage used when untwisted for making gaskets, swabs, oakum, etc.
4. Naut. Slang. See salt junk.
5. Baseball Slang. relatively slow, unorthodox pitches that are deceptive to the batter in movement or pace, as knuckleballs or forkballs.
v.t.
6. to cast aside as junk; discard as no longer of use; scrap.
adj.
7. cheap, worthless, unwanted, or trashy.
[1480-90; earlier jonke, of uncert. orig.]
Syn. 1, 2. rubbish, litter, debris, refuse.
junk2
/jungk/, n.
a seagoing ship with a traditional Chinese design and used primarily in Chinese waters, having square sails spread by battens, a high stern, and usually a flat bottom.
[1545-55; < Pg junco a kind of sailing vessel < Malay jong, said to be < dial. Chin (Xiamen) chûn; cf. Guangdong dial. syùhn, Chin chuán]
junk3
/jungk/, n. Slang.
narcotics, esp. heroin.
[1920-25; perh. special use of JUNK1]

* * *

Classic Chinese sailing vessel of ancient unknown origin, still in wide use.

High-sterned, with a projecting bow, the junk carries up to five masts on which are set square sails consisting of panels of linen or matting flattened by bamboo strips. Each sail can be spread or closed at a pull, like a venetian blind. The massive rudder takes the place of a keel. Chinese junks were sailing to Indonesian and Indian waters by the early Middle Ages.

Modern junk with traditional matting sails and a European-type jib

BBC Hulton Picture Library

* * *

ship
      classic Chinese sailing vessel of ancient unknown origin, still in wide use. High-sterned, with projecting bow, the junk carries up to five masts on which are set square sails (square sail) consisting of panels of linen or matting flattened by bamboo strips. Each sail can be spread or closed at a pull, like a venetian blind. The massive rudder takes the place of a keel, or centreboard. The hull is partitioned by solid bulkheads running both transversely and longitudinally, adding greatly to strength. Chinese junks sailed to Indonesian and Indian waters by the early Middle Ages.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Junk — may refer to: * Things ** Scrap, metallic waste, or waste in general (American Usage) ** Off speed pitches in baseball jargon ** Junk DNA, DNA without a known function for the organism ** Junk (ship), sailing vessel of Chinese origin ** Hard… …   Wikipedia

  • Junk — (im Englischen für „Abfall“, „Plunder“ stehend), steht für: eine englische Popband; siehe Junk (Band) einen Roman von Melvin Burgess; siehe Junk (Roman) Junk ist der Familienname von: Bruno Junk (1929 1995), estnischer Leichtathlet Oliver Junk (* …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Junk — Junk, n. [Pg. junco junk, rush, L. juncus a bulrush, of which ropes were made in early ages. Cf. {Junket}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Pieces of old cable or old cordage, used for making gaskets, mats, swabs, etc., and when picked to pieces, forming oakum …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • junk — adjective informal disapproving junk email/​fax/​mail email etc sent to someone who has not requested it, usually to advertise something: • The system allows the user to receive only filtered messages, a benefit in dealing with junk email. * * *… …   Financial and business terms

  • Junk — «Junk» Сингл Jane Air Выпущен 2004 Формат CD Записан 2004 Жанры Nu Metal Rapcore Лейбл …   Википедия

  • Junk — «Junk» Canción de The Beatles Álbum Anthology 3 Publicación 28 de octubre de 1996 Grab …   Wikipedia Español

  • junk|y — «JUHNG kee», adjective, junk|i|er, junk|i|est, noun, plural junk|ies. –adj. of poor quality; like junk. –n. = junkie. (Cf. ↑junkie) …   Useful english dictionary

  • junk — junk; junk·ie; junk·man; …   English syllables

  • Junk — Junk, n. [Pg. junco; cf. Jav. & Malay jong, ajong, Chin. chwan.] (Naut.) A large vessel, without keel or prominent stem, and with huge masts in one piece, used by the Chinese, Japanese, Siamese, Malays, etc., in navigating their waters. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Junk — (j[u^][ng]k), n. A fragment of any solid substance; a thick piece. See {Chunk}. [Colloq.] Lowell. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • junk — Ⅰ. junk [1] ► NOUN informal 1) useless or worthless articles; rubbish. 2) heroin. ► VERB informal ▪ discard unceremoniously. ORIGIN originally denoting an old or inferior rope: of unknown origin. Ⅱ …   English terms dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.