Juárez


Juárez
/wahr"ez/; Sp. /hwah"rddes/, n.
1. Benito (Pablo) /be nee"taw pah"vlaw/, 1806-72, president of Mexico 1857-72.
2. Ciudad. See Ciudad Juárez.

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I
or Ciudad Juárez

City (pop., 2000: 1,187,275), northern Chihuahua state, Mexico.

Located on the Rio Grande opposite El Paso, Texas, it was formerly known as El Paso del Norte and was renamed in 1888 for Mexico's national hero, Benito Juárez, who headquartered there in 1865. Today it is an important border city and functions as the marketing centre for a cotton-growing area. The city has grown greatly since the 1970s because of the increase in the number of export-oriented assembly plants (maquiladoras) located there. It contains the Guadalupe mission (1662).
II
(as used in expressions)
Acapulco de Juárez
Oaxaca de Juárez
Juárez Benito Pablo

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Mexico
also called  Ciudad Juárez  
 city, northern Chihuahua estado (“state”), Mexico, on the Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte) opposite El Paso, Texas, U.S., with which it is connected by bridges. Formerly known as El Paso del Norte, it was renamed in 1888 for the Mexican president Benito Juárez, who headquartered there in 1865–66 during his struggle against the French.

      The city's historic buildings include the Guadalupe mission (1662) and a late 19th-century customs house. Among its cultural centres are the Autonomous University of Ciudad Juárez (1973) and a museum of anthropology and history.

      Juárez's service sector grew during the 1920s as large numbers of American tourists crossed the border to circumvent Prohibition. During the Great Depression of the 1930s, however, the city's economic troubles multiplied when thousands of Mexican labourers were deported there from the United States, swelling the masses of unemployed. For much of the 20th century, workers from other parts of Mexico were attracted to the city by its relatively high wages and its proximity to the U.S. border.

      Juárez is the northern terminus of the National Railways of Mexico. The city is also a commercial and service centre for a heavily irrigated, cotton-producing hinterland. Juárez—like its northern sister cities Tijuana, Mexicali, and Nuevo Laredo—has grown markedly since the 1970s, largely because of economic and legal incentives for maquiladoras (maquiladora) (export-oriented assembly plants), as well as a thriving transnational tourist sector. Additional maquiladoras were established and the trucking industry grew more rapidly after the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was implemented in 1994. The population, which had reached nearly 545,000 in 1980, had more than doubled by 2000. However, city services have not kept up with the swelling population, which has resulted in widespread environmental pollution, extensive squatter settlements in outlying areas, and rising rates of violent crime. The city has also gained notoriety as a staging area for smuggling immigrants and narcotics into the United States. In the 1990s nearly 200 people, including dozens of young women who—it was later determined—had been raped and murdered, were reported missing in or near Juárez; many of them were presumably killed by drug traffickers. Pop. (2000 prelim.) 1,217,818.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Juárez — steht für: Ciudad Juárez, mexikanische Stadt an der Grenze zu den Vereinigten Staaten Sierra de Juárez, südmexikanisches Gebirge Juárez (Chiapas), mexikanisches Municipio Juárez bzw. Juarez ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Benito Juárez… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Juárez — se puede referir a: Contenido 1 Apellido 1.1 Personajes 2 Divisiones administrativas 2.1 en México …   Wikipedia Español

  • Juárez — may refer to a number of places and things, most of which are named after Benito Juárez, a famous 19th century Mexican president.Mexican cities and towns *Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, a large city *Juárez, Nuevo León, ( Ciudad Benito Juárez ) a city …   Wikipedia

  • Juarez — Juárez steht für: Ciudad Juárez, mexikanische Stadt an der Grenze zu den USA Sierra de Juárez, südmexikanisches Gebirge Juárez (Chiapas), mexikanisches Municipio Juarez ist der Name folgender Personen: Benito Juárez (1806–1872), Präsident Mexikos …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Juarez — Juárez Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Juárez est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Benito Juárez (1806 1872), homme politique mexicain ; Miguel Juárez Celman (1844 1909) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Juárez — ● Juárez (Chiapas):Municipio del Estado de Chiapas, México. ● Ciudad Juárez:Ciudad perteneciente al Estado de Chihuahua, México. * * * Juárez, Benito * * * I (as used in expressions) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Juárez — Juárez1 [hwä′res, hwärez] Benito Pablo [be nē′tō̂ pä′blō̂] 1806 72; Mex. statesman: president of Mexico (1861 65; 1867 72) Juárez2 [hwä′res, hwä′rez] CIUDAD JUÁREZ …   English World dictionary

  • Juarez [1] — Juarez (spr. chuarés), 1) (früher El Paso del Norte) Stadt an der Nordgrenze des mexikan. Staates Chihuahua, Ausgangspunkt der mexikanischen Zentralbahn, von der nordamerikanischen Stadt El Paso durch den Rio Grande getrennt, über den zwei… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Juarez [2] — Juarez (spr. chuarés), Carlo Benito, Präsident von Mexiko, geb. 21. März 1806 bei Ixtlan im Staat Oajaca, aus dem indianischen Stamm der Zapoteken, gest. 18. Juli 1872 in Mexiko, wuchs in dürftigen Verhältnissen auf, erhielt aber von einer… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Juarez — Juarēz (spr. chu ), mexik. Stadt, s.v.w. Paso …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Juarez [2] — Juarēz (spr. chu ), Benito, Präsident der mexik. Republik, geb. 21. März 1806 von indian. Eltern, 1857 Vizepräsident, Haupturheber der freisinnigen Verfassung, 1858 Präsident der Republik; 1863 durch die franz. Intervention vertrieben, setzte er… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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