Joshua


Joshua
/josh"ooh euh/, n.
1. the successor of Moses as leader of the Israelites. Deut. 31:14, 23; 34:9.
2. a book of the Bible bearing his name. Abbr.: Josh.
3. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "God is salvation."

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I
Leader of the Israelite tribes after the death of Moses.

According to the biblical book of Joshua, Joshua led the people of Israel westward across the Jordan River to invade Canaan. Under his leadership the Israelites conquered the Canaanites and gained control of the Promised Land. The book begins by recounting the battles, including the famous demolition of the walls of Jericho. Joshua then divides Canaan among the 12 tribes of Israel, makes his farewell speech, and dies. The book was compiled much later than the events described, perhaps during the Babylonian Exile in the 6th century BC.
II
(as used in expressions)
Joshua Gibson
Heschel Abraham Joshua
Lederberg Joshua
Salomon ben Joshua
Nkomo Joshua Mqabuko Nyongolo
Reynolds Sir Joshua
Slocum Joshua
Sondheim Stephen Joshua

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▪ Hebrew leader
also spelled  Josue,  Hebrew  Yehoshua 

      ʿ (“Yahweh Is Deliverance”), the leader of the Israelite tribes after the death of Moses, who conquered Canaan and distributed its lands to the 12 tribes. His story is told in the Old Testament Book of Joshua.

      According to the biblical book named after him, Joshua was the personally appointed successor to Moses (Deuteronomy 31:1–8; 34:9) and a charismatic warrior who led Israel in the conquest of Canaan after the Exodus from Egypt. After sending spies into Canaan to report on the enemy's morale, Joshua led the Israelites in an invasion across the Jordan River. He took the important city of Jericho and then captured other towns in the north and south until most of Palestine was brought under Israelite control. He divided the conquered lands among the 12 tribes of Israel and then bade farewell to his people (Joshua 23), admonishing them to be loyal to the God of the covenant.

      A careful reading of relevant biblical texts, stimulated by the study of external resources, has led scholars to a general agreement that Israel did not take Canaan by means of a single, comprehensive, calculated plan of conquest. It happened more gradually and more naturally, through progressive infiltration and acculturation. This relatively peaceful development, which went on for a couple of centuries, reached its fulfillment in the rise of David. Until then, for the most part, walled cities remained in Canaanite hands. Even if these cities were razed, as in the case of Hazor (Joshua 11), Israel does not seem to have made military use of them; David's occupation of Jerusalem was a first in this respect. The accounts of Joshua's campaigns (Joshua 10–11) seem to fit these realities; they are accounts of forays by a mobile community, moving ever westward, that increasingly constituted a force to be reckoned with in the open spaces between the walled cities.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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