/joh"zeuh feen', -seuh-/, n.
1. Empress (Marie Joséphine Rose Tascher de la Pagerie). See Beauharnais, Joséphine de.
2. a female given name: derived from Joseph.

* * *

(as used in expressions)
Baker Josephine
Freda Josephine McDonald
Baker Sara Josephine
Caronne Adele Josephine Marie Grisi
Josephine Esther Mentzer
Clara Josephine Wieck
Gloria May Josephine Svensson

* * *

▪ empress of France
original name  Marie-Josèphe-Rose Tascher de La Pagerie , also called (1779–96)  Vicomtesse (viscountess) de Beauharnais , or (1796–1804)  Joséphine Bonaparte  
born June 23, 1763, Trois-Îlets, Martinique
died May 29, 1814, Malmaison, Fr.
 consort of Napoleon Bonaparte (Napoleon I) and empress of the French.

 Joséphine, the eldest daughter of Joseph Tascher de La Pagerie, an impoverished aristocrat who had a commission in the navy, lived the first 15 years of her life on the island of Martinique. In 1779 she married a rich young army officer, Alexandre, vicomte de Beauharnais (Beauharnais, Alexandre, Viscount de), and moved to Paris. Although she bore him two children, Hortense and Eugène, the vain Alexandre was ashamed of her provincial manners and lack of sophistication and declined to present her at the court of Marie-Antoinette at Versailles; his indifference grew so great that in March 1785 she obtained a separation. She remained in Paris three years, learning the ways of the fashionable world, and went back to Martinique in 1788. In 1790 a slave uprising on the island forced her to return to Paris, which was then in the throes of the Revolution. She frequented high society, but her life was endangered when her husband, who had been serving in the Revolutionary army, fell out of favour with the left-wing Jacobins and was guillotined in June 1794. Joséphine herself was imprisoned; but after the coup d'état of 9 Thermidor (July 27) put an end to the Terror, she was released and by the time of the inauguration of the Directory was a leader of Paris society.

      No longer unsophisticated, Joséphine was able to catch the fancy of Bonaparte, then a rising young army officer. She agreed to marry him after he had been appointed commander of the Italian expedition. Married in a civil ceremony on March 9, 1796, Joséphine was an indifferent wife, declining to answer the future emperor's passionate love letters and, while he was campaigning in Egypt in 1798–99, flirting with another army officer in a most compromising manner. Bonaparte threatened to divorce her, but her children dissuaded him, and he eventually forgave her, even agreeing to pay the enormous debts she had accumulated. During the Consulate (1799–1804) she was careful to cause no more scandals and used her social position to advance her husband's political fortunes. After Napoleon became emperor of the French in May 1804, she persuaded him to marry her anew with religious rites; the ceremony, which the Emperor arranged most reluctantly, took place on Dec. 1, 1804. The following day she attended Napoleon's coronation by the Pope in Notre-Dame as empress.

      Joséphine's place in the world now seemed secure. The marriages of her children Hortense (to Napoleon's brother Louis) and Eugène (to the daughter of the King of Bavaria) seemed to establish her position; but her extravagance and, above all, her inability to give Napoleon a son put a strain on their marriage. Hoping to make a politically convenient marriage with Marie-Louise, daughter of Emperor Francis I of Austria, Napoleon in January 1810 arranged for the nullification of his 1804 marriage on the grounds that a parish priest had not been present at the ceremony. This slight technical irregularity, which seems to have been premeditated, enabled him to dispose of Joséphine without having to resort to a divorce, which would have displeased both the church and the Austrian emperor.

      Joséphine retreated to her private residence at Malmaison, outside Paris, where she continued to entertain lavishly, with the Emperor paying the bills. After Napoleon's abdication she won the protection of the Russian emperor Alexander I but died soon after.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

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  • Josephine — ist ein weiblicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Namenstage 3 Varianten 4 Bekannte Namensträgerinnen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joséphine — Josephine ist ein weiblicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Varianten 2 Herkunft und Bedeutung 3 Namenstag 4 Bekannte Namensträgerinnen 4.1 fiktive Namensträgerinnen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • JOSÉPHINE — JOSÉPHINE, MARIE JOSÈPHE ROSE TASCHER DE LA PAGERIE (1763 1814) impératrice des Français Née à la Martinique, Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de La Pagerie appartenait à une famille installée «aux Isles» depuis un demi siècle. Elle mena jusqu’à seize… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Josephine — is a common name: * Joséphine de Beauharnais, the first Empress of the French. * Josephine (name)Josephine may also refer to: *Josephine, Texas, United States *Josephinism *Mount Josephine *Hurricane Josephine *Tori Amos s album, To Venus and… …   Wikipedia

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  • Joséphine —   [ʒoze fin], ursprünglich Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de la Pagerie [ ta ʃɛːr də la paʒ ri], Kaiserin der Franzosen, erste Gemahlin Napoleons I., * Les Trois Îlets (Martinique) 23. 6. 1763, ✝ Schloss Malmaison 29. 5. 1814; kam 1779 nach Paris und …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Josephine — f English form of JOSÉPHINE (SEE Joséphine), now widely adopted in the English speaking world. Cognates: Irish Gaelic: Seosaimhín. Italian: Giuseppina. Short form: English: Jo. Pet forms: English: Josie, Josette …   First names dictionary

  • Josephine — Josephine, TX U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 594 Housing Units (2000): 220 Land area (2000): 1.629677 sq. miles (4.220843 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.629677 sq. miles (4.220843 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Josephine, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 594 Housing Units (2000): 220 Land area (2000): 1.629677 sq. miles (4.220843 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.629677 sq. miles (4.220843 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Joséphine — Nom rencontré dans les départements d Outre Mer. C est un matronyme formé sur Joseph, sans doute un nom de famille donné autrefois à une esclave ou une ancienne esclave. En composition : Joséphine Adeline, Joséphine François (972) …   Noms de famille

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