Jonathan


Jonathan
/jon"euh theuhn/, n.
1. a son of Saul and friend of David. I Sam. 18-20.
2. Archaic. an American, esp. a New Englander. Cf. Brother Jonathan.
3. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "God gave."
/jon"euh theuhn/, n.
a variety of red apple that matures in early autumn.
[1875-80; named after Jonathan Hasbrouck (d. 1846), American jurist]

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I
In the Hebrew scriptures, the eldest son of King Saul and friend of David.

A warrior in the Israelite army, he is first mentioned as victor over the Philistines at Geba. After David joined Saul's household, he and Jonathan became close friends. Saul became jealous of David's popularity and sought to kill him, but Jonathan prevented him. When the two met for the last time, they planned that David would be the next king of Israel and Jonathan his prime minister, but Saul and Jonathan were killed in battle at Mount Gilboa.
II
(as used in expressions)
Boucher Jonathan
Carver Jonathan
Edwards Jonathan
Eybeschütz Jonathan
Hornblower Jonathan Carter
Miller Jonathan Wolfe
Swift Jonathan

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▪ biblical figure
      in the Old Testament (I and II Samuel), eldest son of King Saul; his intrepidity and fidelity to his friend, the future king David, make him one of the most admired figures in the Bible. Jonathan is first mentioned in I Sam. 13:2, when he defeated a garrison of Philistines at Geba. Later (I Sam. 14), Jonathan and his armour bearer left Saul's (Saul) army at Geba and captured the outpost at Michmash. The Israelites then attacked and defeated the Philistines.

      Possibly because of his piety, Saul then ordered a fast for one day, but the absent Jonathan was unaware of the order and ate wild honey. When Saul requested information about the war from God and there was no answer, Saul blamed the silence on Jonathan's breaking of the fast and would have killed him had not his own soldiers ransomed Jonathan.

      When David became a member of Saul's household and won many victories against the Philistines, he and Jonathan became close friends. After Saul jealously turned against David, Jonathan attempted to reconcile them, but he was only briefly successful. Saul tried to enlist Jonathan's aid to kill David, but Jonathan remained David's friend and warned him of Saul's anger so that David hid. When the two met for the last time in the Wilderness of Ziph, they planned that David would be the next king of Israel and Jonathan his minister (I Sam. 23:16–18).

      Saul, Jonathan, and Jonathan's brothers were killed in a battle against the Philistines at Mt. Gilboa. Despoiled and exposed by the Philistines, the bodies were rescued by men from Jabesh-gilead and buried in Jabesh. Years later, David reinterred the remains in the tomb of Kish in the land of Benjamin. David lamented the deaths of Saul and Jonathan in a moving elegy (II Sam. 1:17–27).

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Jonathan — • Name of several persons mentioned in the Old Testament Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Jonathan     Jonathan     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • JONATHAN — (Heb. יוֹנָתָן ,יְהוֹנָתָן), eldest son of saul , the first king of Israel (I Sam. 14:1). At the beginning of Saul s reign, during the revolt against the Philistines, Jonathan already was the commander of a part of the army (I Sam. chs. 13–14).… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jonathan — may refer to:* Jonathan (name), a first name * Jonathan (apple), a variety of appleIn people: * Jonathan (Samuel), son of King Saul of Israel and friend of David, in the Books of Samuel * Jonathan (Judges), figure in the Book of Judges * Jonathan …   Wikipedia

  • JONATHAN — (Heb. יוֹנָתָן ,יְהוֹנָתָן; YHWH has given ), name of several biblical characters. (1) Son of Gershom, son of Moses (Judg. 18:30; MT, Manasseh written with suspended nun, apparently a scribal insertion in deference to Moses). He is apparently to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jonathan — es la versión en otros idiomas de Jonatán, y puede hacer referencia a: Jonathan Swift escritor irlandés; Jonathan Edwards, pastor congregacional y teólogo estadounidense; Jonathan Edwards, atleta británico; Jonathan Woodgate, futbolista inglés;… …   Wikipedia Español

  • JONATHAN — JONATHAN, second century tanna. Although his patronymic is never given when he is mentioned, as he most frequently is, with his colleague josiah , he is identical with the Jonathan b. Joseph and Nathan b. Joseph mentioned elsewhere in rabbinical… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jonathan — masc. proper name, biblical son of Saul, from Heb. Yonathan, short for Yehonathan, lit. the Lord has given (Cf. NATHAN (Cf. Nathan)). As a pre Uncle Sam emblem of the United States, sometimes personified as Brother Jonathan, it dates from 1816,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Jonathan [1] — Jonathan (Bruder J., engl. Brother J., spr. dschónnäthän), Spitzname der Unions Nordamerikaner, dem John Bull der Engländer nachgebildet, angeblich nach Jonathan Trumbull, Gouverneur von Connecticut, zur Zeit des nordamerikanischen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jonathan — Jōnathan, der eigenthümliche Nahme des ältesten Sohnes Sauls, der wegen seiner zärtlichen Freundschaft gegen den David bekannt ist, daher sein Nahme noch jetzt der Nahme eines treuen Freundes ist. Noch unbekannt und ungepriesen Lebt hier und dort …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • Jonathan [2] — Jonathan (Dschonnäshänn), Bruder Jonathan, Personification des nordamerikanischen Volks, dargestellt als eckiger, aufgeweckter u. kräftiger Bursche, mit fast spitzbübischem Ausdrucke …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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