Joan


Joan
/john/, n.
1. ("Fair Maid of Kent") 1328-85, wife of Edward, the Black Prince, and mother of Richard II.
2. a fictitious female pope about A.D. 855-858.
3. a female given name.

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(as used in expressions)
Betty Joan Perske
Baez Joan Chandos
Crawford Joan
Didion Joan
Ruth Joan Bader
Joan of Arc Saint
Joan Pope
Miró Joan
Roberta Joan Anderson
Robinson Joan Violet
Joan Violet Maurice
Barbara Joan Streisand
Sutherland Dame Joan
Tower Joan

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▪ queen of Castile and Aragon
byname  Joan The Mad,  Spanish  Juana La Loca 
born Nov. 6, 1479, Toledo, Castile [Spain]
died April 11, 1555, Tordesillas, Spain
 queen of Castile (from 1504) and of Aragon (from 1516), though power was exercised for her by her husband, Philip I, her father, Ferdinand II, and her son, the emperor Charles V (Charles I of Spain).

      Joan was the third child of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile and became heiress in 1500 on the death of her brother and elder sister. She had married Philip of Burgundy, son of the emperor Maximilian, as part of Ferdinand's policy of securing allies against France. They had two sons, Charles, born in 1500, who succeeded as emperor and king of Spain, and Ferdinand, his lieutenant and successor as emperor, and four daughters, all of whom became queens—Eleanor, who married Manuel I of Portugal and then Francis I of France; Elizabeth, who married Christian II of Denmark; Maria, who married Louis II of Hungary; and Catherine, who married John III of Portugal.

      Her mental imbalance showed itself in 1502 in the form of extravagant, though justified, jealousy of the unfaithful Philip. On the death of her mother she returned with Philip to Castile and there claimed the regency against her father, who retired to Aragon. The shock of Philip's sudden death (Sept. 25, 1506) intensified her melancholia, and she refused to be parted from his embalmed body. Her father, Ferdinand, returned to take over the regency, and from 1509 she lived under guard at Tordesillas. On Ferdinand's death, her son Charles arrived from the Low Countries and ascertained her unfitness to rule, before taking power. She was legally queen of Spain throughout almost all of his long reign.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joan — may refer to:*Joan (first name) a female or male given name *Jōan (era), a Japanese era namePeople, as first name: *Joan I, various *Joan II, various *Saint Joan various uses *Joan Miró surrealist artist *Joan of Arc (disambiguation) *Joan,… …   Wikipedia

  • Joan —     Popess Joan     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Popess Joan     The fable about a female pope, who afterwards bore the name of Johanna (Joan), is first noticed in the middle of the thirteenth century.     VARIATIONS OF THE FABLE     First Version:… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Joan — steht für Joan (Vorname), ein weiblicher und männlicher Vorname (2677) Joan, ein Asteroid des Hauptgürtels Joan (Arkansas), ein Ort in Clark County im US Bundesstaat Arkansas Joan ist der Familienname folgender Personen Joel Joan (*1970),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joan — hace referencia a: Joan Allen, actriz estadounidense; Joan Brossa, poeta y dramaturgo español; Joan Crawford, actriz estadounidense; Joan Cusack, actriz estadounidense; Joan Miró, pintor español; Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joan II — may refer to: *Joan II of Auvergne *Joan II of Naples *Joan II of Navarre *Joan II of Burgundy …   Wikipedia

  • Joan I — can refer to:* Joan I of Navarre * Joan I of Naples * Joan I of Auvergne * Joan I of Burgundy …   Wikipedia

  • Joan — f, m 1 (f.) English: contracted form of Old French Jo(h)anne, from Latin Jo(h)anna (see JOANNA (SEE Joanna)). In England this was the usual feminine form of JOHN (SEE John) from the Middle English period onwards, but in the 16th and 17th… …   First names dictionary

  • Joan — est un prénom masculin en catalan et occitan et (essentiellement) féminin en anglais, équivalents respectifs de Jean et Jeanne. Voir aussi Jean Jeanne Joan est un dessinateur de BD né le 16 novembre 1963 à Mulhouse. Il intègre l école des beaux… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joan — fem. proper name, originally Joanna, fem. of Johannes (see JOHN (Cf. John)). Often 17c. 18c. used as a generic name for a female rustic. Among U.S. births, a top 10 name for girls born between 1930 and 1937 …   Etymology dictionary

  • Joan — [jōn] n. a feminine name: see JOANNA …   English World dictionary


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