jig


jig
jig1
/jig/, n., v., jigged, jigging.
n.
1. Mach. a plate, box, or open frame for holding work and for guiding a machine tool to the work, used esp. for locating and spacing drilled holes; fixture.
2. Angling. any of several devices or lures, esp. a hook or gang of hooks weighted with metal and dressed with hair, feathers, etc., for jerking up and down in or drawing through the water to attract fish.
3. Mining. an apparatus for washing coal or separating ore from gangue by shaking and washing.
4. a cloth-dyeing machine in which the material, guided by rollers, is passed at full width through a dye solution in an open vat.
v.t.
5. to treat, cut, produce, etc., with a jig.
v.i.
6. to use a jig.
7. to fish with a jig.
[1855-60; prob. akin to JIG2, in sense "jerk to and fro"; orig. and interrelationship of this group of words uncert.]
jig2
jiglike, jiggish, adj.
/jig/, n., v., jigged, jigging, adj.
n.
1. a rapid, lively, springy, irregular dance for one or more persons, usually in triple meter.
2. a piece of music for or in the rhythm of such a dance.
3. Obs. prank; trick.
4. the jig is up, Slang. it is hopeless; no chance remains: When the burglar heard the police siren, he knew the jig was up.
v.t.
5. to dance (a jig or any lively dance).
6. to sing or play in the time or rhythm of a jig: to jig a tune.
7. to move with a jerky or bobbing motion; jerk up and down or to and fro.
v.i.
8. to dance or play a jig.
9. to move with a quick, jerky motion; hop; bob.
adj.
10. in jig time, Informal. with dispatch; rapidly: We sorted the mail in jig time.
[1550-60; in earliest sense "kind of dance" perh. < MF giguer to frolic, gambol, prob. < an unattested WGmc verb (cf. GIG1); semantic development of other senses unclear]
jig3
/jig/, n.
(formerly used in communications to represent the letter J.)
jig4
/jig/, n. Slang (disparaging and offensive).
a black person.
[1920-25, Amer.; of uncert. orig.; cf. JIGABOO]

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dance
      folk dance, usually solo, that was popular in Scotland and northern England in the 16th and 17th centuries and in Ireland since the 18th century. It is an improvised dance performed with rapid footwork and a rigid torso.

      In England jigs were sometimes danced across crossed flails and clay pipes; they were occasionally danced by performers wearing clogs and were akin to the modern clog dances of northern England. At the court of Elizabeth I, the northern jigs became fashionable in the 16th century, and the name was also loosely applied to other dances of folk origin. In the 16th and 17th centuries, jigs appeared as stage dances and as stylized keyboard compositions by such composers as William Byrd, John Bull, and Giles Farnaby. The jig soon spread to France and, in modified form as the gigue (q.v.), became fashionable at the court of Louis XIV.

      Irish jigs are performed by one or more soloists or by couples dancing the solo dance. The music is in 6/8 time. The hop, or slip, jig is a similar step dance (solo dance) in 9/8 time. When set dances, or figure dances for several couples, are danced to music in jig time, they are also called jigs. The few English Morris dances for solo dancers are also called jigs. Related to the jig is the Italian giga, a lively couple dance still popular in the folk tradition.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • jig — jig·a·boo; jig·a·ma·ree; jig; jig·gered; jig·gers; jig·get; jig·gety; jig·gish; jig·gly; jig·gy; jig·man; rig·a·ma·jig; thing·um·a·jig; what·you·may·jig·ger; jig·ger; jig·gle; thing·a·ma·jig; …   English syllables

  • Jig — Jig, n. [OF. gigue a stringed instrument, a kind of dance, F. gigue dance, tune, gig; of German origin; cf. MHG. g[=i]ge fiddle, G. geige. Cf. {Gig} a fiddle, {Gig} a whirligig.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Mus.) A light, brisk musical movement. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jig-Ai — Жанр Горграйнд Годы с 2005 Страна …   Википедия

  • jig — jig1 [jig] n. [prob. < MFr giguer, to gambol, dance < gigue, a fiddle < MHG giga (akin to ON gigja) < OHG * gigan (> Ger dial. geigen), to move back and forth] 1. a) a fast, springy sort of dance, usually in triple time b) the… …   English World dictionary

  • Jig — Jig, v. i. 1. To dance a jig; to skip about. [1913 Webster] You jig, you amble, and you lisp. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To move with a skip or rhythm; to move with vibrations or jerks. The fin would jig off slowly, as if it were looking for nothing …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jig — Jig, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Jigged}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Jigging}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To sing to the tune of a jig. [1913 Webster] Jig off a tune at the tongue s end. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To trick or cheat; to cajole; to delude. Ford. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jig — (n.) lively dance, 1560s, perhaps related to M.Fr. giguer to dance, or to the source of Ger. Geige violin. Meaning piece of sport, trick is 1590s, now mainly in phrase the jig is up (first attested 1777 as the jig is over). As a verb from 1580s …   Etymology dictionary

  • jig — ● jig nom masculin (anglais jig) Appareil de concentration gravimétrique dans lequel la matière traitée est soumise à un mouvement vertical alternatif, appelé pistonnage …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jig —   [englisch, dʒɪg], Bezeichnung für einen englisch irischen Volkstanz, der am häufigsten im 6/8 Takt, jedoch auch in einer Reihe anderer Taktarten (2/4, 2/2, 9/8, 3/8, 9/4, 6/4) vorkommt. Musikalisch handelte es sich dabei ursprünglich um… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Jig — [dʒig] die; , s <aus gleichbed. engl. jig zu altfr. giguer »tanzen, springen«>: 1. seit dem 16. Jh. auf den brit. Inseln verbreiteter Volkstanz ohne feste Form. 2. engl. Schreibung für ↑Gigue …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • jig — ► NOUN 1) a lively dance with leaping movements and music in compound time. 2) a device that guides tools and holds materials or parts securely. ► VERB (jigged, jigging) 1) dance a jig. 2) move up and down with a quick jerky motion …   English terms dictionary


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