Jesus


Jesus
/jee"zeuhs, -zeuhz/, n.
1. Also called Jesus Christ, Christ Jesus, Jesus of Nazareth. born 4? B.C., crucified A.D. 29?, the source of the Christian religion.
2. ("the Son of Sirach") the author of the Apocryphal book of Ecclesiasticus, who lived in the 3rd century B.C.
3. Christian Science. the supreme example of God's nature expressed through human beings.
4. Also, Jesús Sp. /he soohs"/. a male given name.
5. (used as an oath or strong expression of disbelief, dismay, awe, disappointment, pain, etc.)
[1200-50; ME < LL Iesus < Gk Iesoûs < Heb Yeshua', syncopated var. of YAHOSHUA' God is help; in Early Modern E, the distinction (lost in ME) between Jesus (nom.) and Jesu (obl., especially voc.; see JESU) was revived on the model of L and Gk sources; Jesus gradually supplanted the older form in both nom. and obl.]

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In Christianity, the son of God and the second person of the Holy Trinity.

Christian doctrine holds that by his crucifixion and resurrection he paid for the sins of all mankind. His life and ministry are recounted in the four Gospels of the New Testament. He was born a Jew in Bethlehem before the death of Herod the Great in 4 BC, and he died while Pontius Pilate was Roman governor of Judaea (AD 28–30). His mother, Mary, was married to Joseph, a carpenter of Nazareth (see St. Joseph). Of his childhood after the birth narratives in Matthew and Luke, nothing is known, except for one visit to Jerusalem with his parents. He began his ministry about age 30, becoming a preacher, teacher, and healer. He gathered disciples in the region of Galilee, including the 12 Apostles, and preached the imminent arrival of the Kingdom of God. His moral teachings, outlined in the Sermon on the Mount, and his reported miracles won him a growing number of followers, who believed that he was the promised messiah. On Passover he entered Jerusalem on a donkey, where he shared the Last Supper with his disciples and was betrayed to the Roman authorities by Judas Iscariot. Arrested and tried, he was condemned to death as a political agitator and was crucified and buried. Three days later visitors to his tomb found it empty. According to the Gospels, he appeared several times to his disciples before ascending into heaven.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • jésus — jésus …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Jesus — Jésus de Nazareth Wikipédia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jésus — de Nazareth Wikipédia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • JÉSUS — Il est peu de personnages historiques dont l’influence sur l’histoire de l’humanité ait été aussi grande que celle de Jésus, eu égard à la durée exceptionnellement courte de sa prédication. Il n’a pas fondé de religion et sa vie n’est en rien… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • JESUS — (d. 30 C.E.), whom Christianity sees as its founder and object of faith, was a Jew who lived toward the end of the Second Commonwealth period. The martyrdom of his brother James is narrated by Josephus (Ant. 20:200–3), but the passage in the same …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jesús — Jesus ist ein männlicher Vorname biblischer Herkunft. Sein bekanntester Träger ist Jesus von Nazaret, den das Christentum als Jesus Christus, der Islam als Isa ibn Maryam verehren. Meist von diesem Namensträger abgeleitet wird Jesus in vielen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jesus —     Jesus Christ     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Jesus Christ     Origin of the Name of Jesus In this article, we shall consider the two words Jesus and Christ which compose the Sacred Name.     The Holy Name of Jesus We give honour to the Name of… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jesús — (Del lat. bíblico Iesus, y este del hebr. yĕhošūa‘). m. Para los cristianos, segunda persona de la Santísima Trinidad, hecha hombre para redimir al género humano. Jesús Nazareno. m. Jesús. decir los Jesuses. fr. ant. Ayudar a bien morir. en un… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Jesús — Jesús, María y José Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Jesús, María y José Título Jesús, María y José Ficha técnica Dirección Miguel Zacarías Producción Alfredo Zacarias Guión …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jesus — er en historisk person, som ifølge Biblen er Guds søn. Vores tidsregning er baseret på hans formodede fødselsår, som år 1. År 0 findes ikke, fordi man ikke kendte tallet 0 da man lavde tidsregningen. Året før år 1 er derfor år 1 f.Kr. Mange… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Jesus — Je sus (j[=e] z[u^]s), prop. n. [L. Jesus, Gr. ?, from Heb. Y[=e]sh[=u]a ; Y[=a]h Jehovah + h[=o]sh[imac]a to help.] The {Savior}; the name of the Son of God as announced by the angel to his parents; the personal name of Our Lord, in distinction… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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