adj.1. of or pertaining to the island of Java, its people, or their language.n.2. a member of the native Malayan people of Java, esp. of that branch of it in the central part of the island.3. the Austronesian language of central Java.[1695-1705; Javan (JAV(A) + -AN) + -ESE]
* * *They speak an Austronesian language. The Javanese are Muslim, though relatively few are strictly observant. Traditional Javanese social organization varied in structure from relatively egalitarian villages to the highly stratified society of the cities; these differences find expression in the many Javanese styles of speech still in use. Javanese villages are compact groups of single-family houses, generally built of bamboo, surrounding a central square. Rice is the main food crop. The growth of large cities in Java has produced an urban underclass who live in makeshift huts in enclosed neighbourhoods.
* * *▪ peopleIndonesian Orang Djawalargest ethnic group on the island of Java, Indonesia. Their language, spoken by more than 71 million people, belongs to the Austronesian (Austronesian languages) (Malayo-Polynesian) family, as do those of neighbouring but different groups such as the Sundanese of southwest Java and the Madurese of northeast Java. The Javanese are Muslim, though Hindu traditions of an earlier era are still evident and relatively few Javanese carefully observe Muslim precepts. Belief in spirits is widespread.Traditional Javanese social organization varied in structure from relatively egalitarian villages to the highly stratified society of the cities, with their complex court life. These differences found linguistic expression in styles of speech that vary according to status differences between the persons speaking: an informal style, a polite style, an extremely polite style, and several others. These styles are more elaborate in Javanese than in other languages of the area and are used habitually.The growth of large cities in Java has produced an urban proletariat, mostly of rural origin, who live in makeshift huts in enclosed neighbourhoods called kampongs. Javanese villages are compact groups of single-family houses, generally built of bamboo, surrounding a central square. Though rice is the main food crop, a variety of others are produced, including corn (maize), cassava, peanuts (groundnuts), and soybeans.The Javanese family is typically composed of parents and dependent children, though it may include other close relatives. Most first marriages are arranged by the parents; but divorce is easy, and women are relatively free to leave their husbands.
* * *
См. также в других словарях:
Javanese — may refer to:*island of JavaIt may also refer to: *Javanese beliefs *Javanese calendar a calendar in use by the Javanese people of Indonesia *Javanese (cat), a breed of domestic cat *Javanese cuisine *Javanese language *Javanese people and their… … Wikipedia
Javanese — [jä΄və nēz′, jä΄vənēs′; jav΄ə nēz, jav΄ənēs] adj. of Java or its people, language, or culture n. 1. pl. Javanese a person born or living on Java; esp., a member of a group of peoples occupying the main part of Java 2. the Western Austronesian… … English World dictionary
Javanese — Jav a*nese , a. Of or pertaining to Java, or to the people of Java. n. sing. & pl. A native or natives of Java. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Javanese — noun (plural Javanese) Etymology: Java + nese (as in Japanese) Date: 1704 1. a member of an Indonesian people inhabiting the island of Java 2. an Austronesian language of the Javanese people • Javanese adjective … New Collegiate Dictionary
Javanese — /dʒavəˈniz/ (say jahvuh neez) adjective 1. of or relating to the island of Java, its people, or their language. –noun 2. (plural Javanese) a member of the indigenous Malayan people of Java, especially that branch of it in the central part of the… … Australian English dictionary
Javanese — noun (plural same) 1》 a native or inhabitant of Java, or a person of Javanese descent. 2》 the Indonesian language of central Java. adjective relating to Java … English new terms dictionary
Javanese — Jav•a•nese [[t]ˌdʒæv əˈniz, ˈnis, ˌdʒɑ və [/t]] n. pl. nese, adj. 1) peo a member of an Indonesian people mainly of the central and E parts of Java 2) peo the Austronesian language of this people 3) peo any native or inhabitant of Java 4) peo of… … From formal English to slang
Javanese — n. & adj. n. (pl. same) 1 a a native of Java in Indonesia. b a person of Javanese descent. 2 the language of Java. adj. of or relating to Java, its people, or its language … Useful english dictionary
Javanese — noun /dʒɑː.vəˈniːz/ a) A language spoken in Java. b) A person belonging to the native Malayan people of the island of Java … Wiktionary
javanese — adjective Of or pertaining to Java, or to the people of Java … Wiktionary