/hah lees"kaw/, n.
a state in W Mexico, 4,157,000; 31,152 sq. mi. (80,685 sq. km). Cap.: Guadalajara.

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State (pop., 2000: 6,322,002), west-central Mexico.

It covers 31,211 sq mi (80,836 sq km), and its capital is Guadalajara. The Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range traverses the state, separating the Pacific coast from a high plateau region. The Sierra Madre region is largely volcanic, and earthquakes are frequent. The state's many lakes include Chapala, Mexico's largest. First invaded by Spaniards in 1526, Jalisco was incorporated into Nueva Galicia. In 1889 its area was much reduced by the separation of the territory of Tepic (now Nayarit state) from its coastal zone. Its economy is based on agriculture, livestock raising, forest products, and mining.

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  estado (state), west-central Mexico. It is bounded by the states of Nayarit to the northwest, Zacatecas and Aguascalientes to the north, San Luis Potosí and Guanajuato to the east, and Michoacán (Michoacán) and Colima to the south and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. Its capital and largest city is Guadalajara.

      The volcanic Sierra Madre Occidental and Sierra Madre del Sur traverse the state, separating the narrow, heavily forested coastal plain from the high Mesa Central. Earthquakes are frequent. The coastal zone is tropical and humid, while the highlands are generally drier. Lake Chapala (Chapala, Lake), Mexico's largest freshwater lake, lies largely within Jalisco; however, it is silting up and shrinking as its source, the Lerma River, is diverted for crop irrigation and for drinking water in Mexico City.

      Jalisco was invaded by Spaniards in about 1526. It was administered as Nueva Galicia, which also included Aguascalientes and Zacatecas, and later became the intendency of Guadalajara. In 1889 the territory of Tepic, now Nayarit state, was carved from its coastal zone. Jalisco's government is headed by a governor, who is elected to a single term of six years. Members of the unicameral legislature, the State Congress, are elected to three-year terms. The state is divided into dozens of local governmental units called municipios (municipalities), each of which is headquartered in a prominent city, town, or village. More than four-fifths of the people live in urban areas.

      Jalisco's economy, which is based mainly on agriculture and other primary production, is one of the largest in Mexico. Its chief crops are corn (maize), wheat, and beans in the uplands and sugarcane, cotton, rice, and tobacco in the warmer districts. Jalisco is one of Mexico's top producers of beef and pork, from livestock raised in the highlands. The beverage tequila, distilled from the juice of the agave cactus, is named for the town of that name in Jalisco and is one of the state's best-known products. Forest products are obtained along the coast, and mining for silver, gold, mercury, copper, and precious stones is important. Among the state's varied industries are textile mills, computer product manufacturers, and cement and electric-power plants. Rail and highway networks in Jalisco are extensive, linking Guadalajara with Mexico City and other population centres. Guadalajara is served by one of the country's busiest airports and is one of the state's major tourist centres. Puerto Vallarta is likewise a popular tourist destination.

      Most of the state's cultural institutions are based in Guadalajara, including the State Museum of Jalisco (founded 1918), the José Clemente Orozco (Orozco, José Clemente) Museum-Workshop (1951), the University of Guadalajara (Guadalajara, University of) (1925), and the Autonomous University of Guadalajara (1935); the architecturally significant Cabañas Hospice, established in the early 19th century to provide housing and care for the disadvantaged, was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1997. Zapopan, which is now a northern suburb of the capital city, is the site of the military schools of aviation (1915), air force specialists (1925), supply and maintenance (1942), and signals (1953). Area 31,211 square miles (80,836 square km). Pop. (2000) 6,322,002; (2005) 6,752,113.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Jalisco — Estado Libre y Soberano de Jalisco État libre et souverain de Jalisco …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jalisco — Jalisco …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jalisco — er en delstat i Mexico. Jalisco har et areal på 79,085 km² og har for tiden en konflikt med nabostater over nogle af disses kommuner. Vest for Jalisco ligger Stillehavet, mod nordvest den mexicanske delstat Nayarit, mod nord Zacatecas,… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Jalisco —   [xa lisko], Bundesstaat Mexikos, 78 630 km2, (2000) 6,3 Mio. Einwohner, Hauptstadt Guadalajara. Jalisco erstreckt sich vom Pazifik weit ins Landesinnere, im Süden über ein Küstenbergland bis in die Cordillera Neovolcánica (mit dem Nevado de… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Jalisco — es uno de los 31 estados de México y se ubica al occidente del territorio. Colinda con los estados de Nayarit hacia el noroeste; con Zacatecas, Aguascalientes y San Luis Potosí hacia el norte; con Guanajuato hacia el este y con Colima y Michoacán …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jalisco — état du Mexique, au N. O. de Mexico, bordé par le Pacifique; 80 836 km²; 5 302 680 hab. Cap. Guadalajara. La civilisation précolombienne du Jalisco, côtière, est datée des IVe VIIe s …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jalisco — (Xalisco, spr. cha ), einer der pazifischen Küstenstaaten Mexikos (s. Karte »Mexiko«), zwischen 18°38 –23°26 nördl. Br. und 101°30 –105°42 westl. L., grenzt im W. an den Stillen Ozean, im N. an Tepic und Durango, im O. an Zacatecas und Guanajuato …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jalisco — (Xalisco, spr. cha ), mexik. Staat, an der Küste des Stillen Ozeans, 86.752 qkm, (1900) 1.153.891 E.; Hauptort Guadalajara. – Vgl. Barcena (1888) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jalisco — [hä lēs′kō̂] state of W Mexico, on the Pacific: 30,941 sq mi (80,137 sq km); pop. 5,303,000; cap. Guadalajara …   English World dictionary

  • Jalisco — Estado Libre y Soberano de Jalisco Estado de México …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jalisco — Infobox Settlement name = State of Jalisco other name = native name = nickname = Jalisco es México settlement type = motto = imagesize = image caption = flag link = State flag of Jalisco flag size = 140px image seal size = image shield = Jalisco… …   Wikipedia

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