Jacquerie


Jacquerie
/zhahkeu rddee"/, n.
1. the revolt of the peasants of northern France against the nobles in 1358.
2. (l.c.) any peasant revolt.
[ < F, MF, equiv. to jaque(s) peasant (after JACQUES, a name thought to be typical of peasants) + -rie -RY]

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▪ French history
      insurrection of peasants against the nobility in northeastern France in 1358—so named from the nobles' habit of referring contemptuously to any peasant as Jacques, or Jacques Bonhomme.

      The Jacquerie occurred at a critical moment of the Hundred Years' War. The Battle of Poitiers (September 1356), in which King John II the Good was captured by the English, was the latest in a series of defeats that had brought discredit on the French nobility. It was followed by an Anglo-French truce that resulted in the pillage of the countryside by the “great companies” of mercenaries from the English forces, sometimes abetted by the nobles. The peasants were further enraged by the nobles' demands for heavier payments of dues and by the order of the dauphin Charles (the future Charles V) that the peasants refortify the castles of their aristocratic oppressors.

      On May 21, 1358, an uprising began near Compiègne and spread quickly throughout the countryside. The peasants destroyed numerous castles and slaughtered their inhabitants. Under their captain general, Guillaume Cale, or Carle, they joined forces with Parisian rebels under Étienne Marcel. The Parisians were defeated at Meaux on June 9 by Gaston Phoebus of Foix and Jean III de Grailly. Charles II of Navarre routed Cale at Clermont-en-Beauvaisis on June 10. A massacre of the insurgents followed their defeat.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • JACQUERIE — Révolte paysanne qui affecta en 1358 la région parisienne et principalement l’Île de France, le Beauvaisis et la Brie; la première manifestation eut lieu le 28 mai à Saint Leu d’Esserent. Principalement dirigé contre les nobles, le mouvement fut… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • jacquerie — JACQUERÍE s.f. Răscoală ţărănească antifeudală care a avut loc în provinciile din nordul şi nord vestul Franţei la jumătatea sec. XIV. [pr.: jacherie] – cuv. fr. Trimis de claudia, 24.02.2002. Sursa: DEX 98  jacquerie s. f. [ cque pron. fr …   Dicționar Român

  • jacquerie — 1520s, from M.Fr. jacquerie peasants or villeins collectively, from Jacques, the proper name, which is used as JACK (Cf. Jack) is used in English, in the sense of any common fellow. So, also, the rising of the northern French peasants against the …   Etymology dictionary

  • Jacquerie — Jacque rie , n. [F.] The name given to a revolt of French peasants against the nobles in 1358, the leader assuming the contemptuous title, Jacques Bonhomme, given by the nobles to the peasantry. Hence, any revolt of peasants. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jacquerie — Jacquerie, politische Partei od. vielmehr Aufrührer, welche sich 1358 unter Jacques Bonhomme,[702] einem Bauer aus dem Dorfe Mello in Beauvoisis, im nördlichen Frankreich erhoben u. bald auf 100,000 Mann wuchsen, welche, mit eisenbeschlagenen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Jacquerie — (spr. schack rī ), Name des Bauernaufruhrs im nördlichen Frankreich, 1358 (von Jacques Bonhomme, etwa »Hans Simpel oder Tropf«, womit die Edelleute die von ihnen bedrückten geduldigen Bauern zu bezeichnen liebten). Von ihren Herren gepeinigt und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jacquerie — (spr. schack rih), Name des Bauernaufstandes in Frankreich (1358) nach dem Spottnamen der Bauern: Jacques bon homme (Hans Simpel). – Vgl. Luce (1859), Bonnamère (1873) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jacquerie — (Schakʼrih), Jakoberei, heißt der Bauernkrieg (»Jacques«, war der landesübliche Collectivname für die Bauerschaft) in Frankreich vom Jahr 1358, der ähnlich dem in Deutschland vom Jahr 1525 verlief und endete …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Jacquerie —   [ʒakə ri; nach Jacques Bonhomme, dem französischen Spottnamen für den Bauern], Bauernaufstand in Nordfrankreich (28. 5. 10. 6. 1358), verursacht v. a. durch die Kriegsnöte des Hundertjährigen Krieges. Die gescheiterte Erhebung, die in… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • jacquerie — /ʒa kri/ s.f., fr. [der. del nome proprio Jacques (o Jacque ) Giacomo , usato ant. in Francia come nomignolo della gente di campagna], in ital. invar. 1. (stor.) [sollevazione antifeudale dei contadini nella Francia del sec. 14°]. 2. (estens.)… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • jacquerie — /fr. ʒaˈkʀi/ [da Jacques (Bonhomme) «Giacomo (Buonomo)», tradizionale soprannome del contadino francese] s. f. inv. sollevazione contadina, rivolta contadina …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione


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