/uy'seuh nuy"euh zid/, n. Pharm.
a white, crystalline, water-soluble solid, C6H7N3O, used in the treatment of tuberculosis.

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      drug used in the treatment and prevention of tuberculosis. Isoniazid commonly is used in combination with other drugs, such as rifampin, ethambutol, pyrazinamide, or streptomycin; these drugs are used with isoniazid in order to prevent, or at least delay, the development of isoniazid-resistant strains of tuberculin bacilli. Treatment usually is continued for many months. The most important drug in the therapy of tuberculosis, isoniazid was introduced into medicine in 1952; it usually is administered orally, but it can be given by injection. Side effects may include hepatitis (especially in older patients), peripheral neuropathy, dizziness, and headache.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Isoniazid — Systematic (IUPAC) name isonicotinohydrazide …   Wikipedia

  • isoniazid — ☆ isoniazid [ī′sō nī′ə zid΄, ī′sənī′ə zid΄ ] n. [ ISO + NI(COTINIC) + (HYDR)AZ(INE) + ID] an antibacterial drug, C6H7N3O, used in treating and preventing tuberculosis …   English World dictionary

  • Isoniazid — Strukturformel Allgemeines Freiname Isoniazid Andere Namen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • isoniazid — Isonicotinic acid hydrazide; first line and probably most commonly used antituberculosis drug. Organisms rapidly develop resistance against this drug if it is used alone in the treatment of active disease. Hepatic toxicity is the major side… …   Medical dictionary

  • Isoniazid — I|so|ni|a|zid [Kurzw. aus Isonicotinsäurehydrazid], das; s: als Nicotinsäure Antimetabolit wirkendes Tuberkulosemittel. * * * Isoniazid   das, s, Tuberkulostatika …   Universal-Lexikon

  • isoniazid — isonicotinic acid hydrazide; = INH; n. a drug used in the treatment of tuberculosis, usually taken by mouth. Because tuberculosis bacteria soon become resistant to isoniazid, it is given in conjunction with other antibiotics. Occasional side… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • isoniazid — noun Etymology: is + nicotinic acid + hydrazide Date: 1952 a crystalline compound C6H7N3O used in treating tuberculosis …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • isoniazid — noun A medication used in the prevention and treatment of tuberculosis, having the chemical formula CHNO …   Wiktionary

  • Isoniazid — Iso|ni|azi̱d [Kurzwort aus ↑Isonikotinsäurehydrazid] s; [e]s: = Isonikotinsäurehydrazid …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • Isoniazid — Iso|ni|azid das; s Kurzw. aus Isonikotinsäurehydrazid> wichtiges ↑Chemotherapeutikum zur Bekämpfung der Tuberkulose …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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