isolation


isolation
/uy'seuh lay"sheuhn, is'euh-/, n.
1. an act or instance of isolating.
2. the state of being isolated.
3. the complete separation from others of a person suffering from contagious or infectious disease; quarantine.
4. the separation of a nation from other nations by isolationism.
5. Psychoanal. a process whereby an idea or memory is divested of its emotional component.
6. Sociol. See social isolation.
[1825-35; ISOLATE + -ION]
Syn. 2. See solitude. 3. segregation.

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      in medicine, separation of an infected individual (human or animal) from the healthy until that individual is no longer able to transmit the disease. In its strictest sense, the practice of isolation differs from that of quarantine, which is the detention of an individual who may have been exposed to a communicable disease until it is deemed certain that he has escaped infection. See quarantine.

      Isolation is also a technique used in medicine and in biological research to maintain a germfree environment. See germfree life.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Isolation — Isolation …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • isolation — [ izɔlasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1777; « isolement » 1774; de isoler ♦ Phys. Action d isoler un corps conducteur d électricité. ♢ Techn. Action de protéger une pièce contre la chaleur, le froid, le bruit. ⇒ isolement. Isolation thermique, phonique (⇒… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Isolation — «Isolation» Canción de John Lennon Álbum John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band Publicación 11 de diciembre de 1970 …   Wikipedia Español

  • isolation — ► NOUN ▪ the process or fact of isolating or being isolated. ● in isolation Cf. ↑in isolation …   English terms dictionary

  • Isolation — I so*la tion ([imac] s[ o]*l[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. isolation.] The act of isolating, or the state of being isolated; insulation; separation; loneliness. Milman. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Isolation — (fr.), 1) strenge Absonderung. Daher Isolationsmauer, Mauer mit leerem Zwischenraume, bei welcher die innere, die eigentliche Isolationsmauer, durch den leeren Zwischenraum Feuchtigkeit od. Wärme von der äußeren abhalten soll, so bei… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • isolation — (n.) 1800, noun of action from isolate, or else from Fr. isolation, noun of action from isoler (see ISOLATED (Cf. isolated)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • isolation — isolation. См. изоляция. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Isolation — Isolation, s. Isolator und Leitungen, elektrische …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • isolation — index exclusion, expulsion, ostracism, privacy, removal, segregation (separation), severance Burton s …   Law dictionary

  • Isolation — Isolation, 1) geographische I., Abbruch des Genaustauschs zwischen einer (etwa durch Klimaveränderung, geologische Veränderung) abgedrängten oder schwer zugängliche Gebiete besiedelnden Teilpopulation und der Ausgangspopulation; als Voraussetzung …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie


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