Islamabad


Islamabad
/is lah"meuh bahd', -bad', -lam"euh bad'/, n.
the capital of Pakistan, in the N part, near Rawalpindi. 77,318.

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Capital (pop., 1998: 524,500) of Pakistan, located northeast of Rawalpindi.

Established in 1959 to replace Karachi as the capital, it was designed to blend modern and traditional Islamic architecture. The city itself is small, with an area of 25 sq mi (65 sq km), but the planned capital area is a 350-sq-mi (910-sq-km) expanse of natural terraces and meadows surrounding the city. It is the seat of the University of Islamabad (founded 1965).

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 city, capital of Pakistan, on the Potwar Plateau, 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Rawalpindi, the former interim capital.

      The city's site was chosen by a commission in 1959 after Karachi was found unsuitable as the capital. Construction began in 1961 with an effort to blend traditional Islamic architecture with modern patterns and requirements. Such world-renowned names in town planning and architecture as Konstantínos Doxiádes, Edward Durell Stone, and Gio Ponti have been associated with the city's development. It is a compact city (area 25 square miles [65 square km]), lying at elevations ranging from 1,500 to 2,000 feet (450 to 600 metres). The second phase of construction ended with completion of the Secretariat, Pakistan House, President's House, National Assembly Building, Grand National Mosque, and housing for government staff. The University of Islamabad was established in 1965 and the People's Open University (later renamed the Allama Iqbal Open University) in 1974. The war with India in 1971 slowed construction temporarily.

      The urban area is divided into eight zones: administrative, diplomatic, residential, institutional, industrial, and commercial areas, a greenbelt, and a national park. It includes an Olympic village and gardens and dairy, poultry, and vegetable farms, as well as such institutions as the Atomic Research Institute and the National Health Centre. The name Islamabad (“City of Islam,” or “City of Peace”) was chosen to reflect the country's ideology.

      The planned capital area of 350 square miles (906 square km) is an expanse of natural terraces and meadows surrounding the city. A further 1,049 square miles (2,717 square km) of hinterland, known as the Specified Areas and subject to planning control, is roughly a trapezoid, with the Margala Hills, 3,000 to 5,000 feet (900 to 1,500 metres) high, in the north and northeast. The southern portion is an undulating plain. It is drained by the Kurang River, on which the Rawal Dam forms a lake holding about 50,000 acre-feet (61,650,000 cubic metres) of water. Pop. (1998) city, 524,500; capital area, 799,000.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Islamabad — n. The the capital city of Pakistan. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ISLAMABAD — ISL M B D S’étendant sur le plateau Potwar à 14 kilomètres au nord ouest de Rawalpindi, Isl m b d est la capitale du P kist n depuis 1967 et comptait, en 1981, 204 364 habitants. Le site de la ville a été choisi par une commission, en 1959, après …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Islamabad — 33°43′N 73°04′E / 33.717, 73.067 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Islamabad — اسلام آباد Islamabad …   Wikipedia Español

  • Islamabad — La ciudad de Islamabad (Urdu: ‏اسلام آباد que significa: Habitado por el Islam ) es la capital de Pakistán. Se ubica al noreste del país dentro del Terriotio Capital de Islamabad aunque historicamente ha formado parte de la región de Punjab y… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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