/ish"tahr/, n.the Assyrian and Babylonian goddess of love and war, identified with the Phoenician Astarte, the Semitic Ashtoreth, and the Sumerian Inanna. Also called Mylitta.
* * *In Mesopotamian religion, the goddess of war and sexual love.Known as Ishtar in Akkadia, she was called Astarte by western Semitic peoples and was identified with Inanna in Sumeria. In early Sumeria she was the goddess of the storehouse as well as of rain and thunderstorms. Once a fertility goddess, she evolved into a deity of contradictory qualities, of joy and sorrow, fair play and enmity. In Akkadia she was associated with the planet Venus and was the patroness of prostitutes and alehouses. Her popularity became universal in the ancient Middle East, and she was called Queen of the Universe.Ishtar, with her cult-animal the lion, and a worshipper, modern impression from a cylinder seal, ...Courtesy of the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
* * *▪ Mesopotamian goddessin Mesopotamian religion, goddess of war and sexual love. Ishtar is the Akkadian counterpart of the West Semitic goddess Astarte. Inanna, an important goddess in the Sumerian pantheon, came to be identified with Ishtar, but it is uncertain whether Inanna is also of Semitic origin or whether, as is more likely, her similarity to Ishtar caused the two to be identified. In the figure of Inanna several traditions seem to have been combined: she is sometimes the daughter of the sky god An (Anu), sometimes his wife; in other myths she is the daughter of Nanna (Sin), god of the moon, or of the wind god, Enlil. In her earliest manifestations she was associated with the storehouse and thus personified as the goddess of dates, wool, meat, and grain; the storehouse gates were her emblem. She was also the goddess of rain and thunderstorms—leading to her association with An, the sky god—and was often pictured with the lion, whose roar resembled thunder. The power attributed to her in war may have arisen from her connection with storms. Inanna was also a fertility figure, and, as goddess of the storehouse and the bride of the god Dumuzi-Amaushumgalana, who represented the growth and fecundity of the date palm, she was characterized as young, beautiful, and impulsive—never as helpmate or mother. She is sometimes referred to as the Lady of the Date Clusters.Ishtar's primary legacy from the Sumerian tradition is the role of fertility figure; she evolved, however, into a more complex character, surrounded in myth by death and disaster, a goddess of contradictory connotations and forces—fire and fire-quenching, rejoicing and tears, fair play and enmity. The Akkadian Ishtar is also, to a greater extent, an astral deity, associated with the planet Venus. With Shamash, the sun god, and Sin, the moon god, she forms a secondary astral triad. In this manifestation her symbol is a star with 6, 8, or 16 rays within a circle. As goddess of Venus, delighting in bodily love, Ishtar was the protectress of prostitutes and the patroness of the alehouse. Part of her cult worship probably included temple prostitution. Her popularity was universal in the ancient Middle East, and in many centres of worship she probably subsumed numerous local goddesses. In later myth she was known as Queen of the Universe, taking on the powers of An, Enlil, and Enki (Ea).
* * *
См. также в других словарях:
Ishtar TV — Tipo de canal Televisión satelital País Irak Inicio de transmisiones 2005 Personas clave Sarkis Aghajan Mamendo … Wikipedia Español
ISHTAR — Ishtar est la personnalité féminine la plus importante du panthéon assyro babylonien, sinon dans les hiérarchies syncrétiques artificiellement dressées par les scribes, du moins dans la réalité des pratiques et de la sensibilité religieuses des… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Ishtar — Ishtar … Википедия
Ishtar — steht für: Ištar, eine babylonische Liebesgöttin Ishtar (Band), eine belgische Folkband Ishtar (Sängerin), eine israelisch französische Sängerin (7088) Ishtar, ein Asteroid des Amor Typs Ischtar Tor, eines der Stadttore von Babylon Ištar Terra,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ishtar — ancient Sumero Babylonian goddess of love and fertility, counterpart of Phoenician ASTARTE (Cf. Astarte) (q.v.), from Akkad. Ishtar … Etymology dictionary
Ishtar — Comédie d Elaine May, avec Warren Beatty, Dustin Hoffman, Isabelle Adjani, Charles Grodin. Pays: États Unis Date de sortie: 1987 Technique: couleurs Durée: 1 h 47 Résumé Le seul contrat décroché par Lyle et Chuck, chanteurs… … Dictionnaire mondial des Films
Ishtar — [ish′tär΄] n. [Assyr Bab < Akkadian, var. of Ash dar: see ASHTORETH] Bab. & Assyr. Myth. the goddess of love, fertility, and war … English World dictionary
Ishtar — Para otros usos de este término, véase Ishtar (desambiguación). Representación de Ishtar/Inanna en el Museo Británico … Wikipedia Español
Ishtar — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ishtar (homonymie). Plaque de terre cuite représentant un aspect d Ishtar (1800 1750 avant J. C.)[1 … Wikipédia en Français
Ishtar TV — Création 2005 Langue Syriaque, arabe, kurde Pays … Wikipédia en Français