interrogation


interrogation
/in ter'euh gay"sheuhn/, n.
1. the act of interrogating; questioning.
2. an instance of being interrogated: He seemed shaken after his interrogation.
3. a question; inquiry.
4. a written list of questions.
5. an interrogation point; question mark.
[1350-1400; ME interrogacio(u)n < L interrogation- (s. of interrogatio). See INTERROGATE, -ION]

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In criminal law, process of formally and systematically questioning a suspect in order to elicit incriminating responses.

The process is largely outside the governance of law, though in the U.S. relatively elaborate safeguards have been placed on police interrogatory powers in order to protect the rights of the accused.

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      in criminal law, process of questioning by which police obtain evidence. The process is largely outside the governance of law except for rules concerning the admissibility at trial of confessions obtained through interrogation and limitations on the power of police to detain suspected persons against their will. See also confession.

      In the United States relatively elaborate safeguards have been placed on the interrogatory powers of the police. In Escobedo v. Illinois (1964) and Arizona (Miranda v. Arizona) (q.v.), (1966), the Supreme Court required that the police inform a suspected person of his right to remain silent and of his right to have legal counsel present at his interrogation. These decisions were criticized as having achieved questionable safeguards of suspected persons' rights at great detriment to law enforcement. Some commentators pointed out that similar restrictions could not be found in the legal procedures of other countries. Most agreed that in Escobedo and Miranda, the Supreme Court stretched the constitutional requirements of right to counsel and freedom from self-incrimination for the purpose of achieving social justice for indigent defendants.

      In Great Britain interrogation is regulated by the “judges' rules.” If an officer has sufficient evidence that an offense has been committed, he must caution the suspect. After a suspect has been formally charged, he must be cautioned again before further questioning can take place. Continental European countries give their police far greater freedom to question suspects, but the power to hold a person on suspicion is limited in much the same manner as in Anglo-American countries. See also arrest; search and seizure.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • interrogation — [ ɛ̃terɔgasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XIIIe; lat. interrogatio 1 ♦ Action de questionner, d interroger (qqn). ⇒ demande, question. « chez Blondet une pause équivalait à une interrogation » (Balzac). L interrogation des témoins. ♢ Spécialt Question, ensemble… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • interrogation — I noun careen izati on, cross examination, examination, exploration, formal questioning, grilling, inquest, inquiry, inquisition, inspection, interrogate, investigation, percontatio, probe, quaestio, query, questioning, scrutiny, search, taking… …   Law dictionary

  • Interrogation — In*ter ro*ga tion, n. [L. interrogatio: cf. F. interrogation.] [1913 Webster] 1. The act or process of interrogating or questioning; examination by questions; an instance of interrogating; inquiry. [1913 Webster] 2. A question put; an inquiry.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • interrogation — [in ter΄ə gā′shən] n. [ME interrogacion < MFr interrogation < L interrogatio] 1. an interrogating or being interrogated; examination 2. a question [Now Rare] 3. short for INTERROGATION MARK …   English World dictionary

  • interrogation — (n.) late 14c., a questioning; a set of questions, from O.Fr. interrogacion (13c.) or directly from L. interrogationem (nom. interrogatio) a question, questioning, interrogation, noun of action from pp. stem of interrogare to ask, question,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • interrogation — Interrogation. s. f. v. Question, demande qu on fait à quelqu un pour sçavoir quelque chose de luy. Il a bien respondu aux interrogations qu on luy a faites. Il signifie aussi, Une figure de Rhetorique par laquelle on interroge. Il commença son… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Interrogation — (v. lat.), Frage, Befragung …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Interrogation — (lat.), Frage, Befragung; interrogatīv, fragend, fragweise; Interrogatīvum, fragendes, Fürwort, interrogieren, fragen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Interrogation — Interrogation, lat. deutsch, Frage; interrogativ, frageweise; Interrogatorien, bei gerichtl. Verhandlungen Gegenfragen; interrogiren, Gegenfragen anfertigen und beibringen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • interrogation — Interrogation, Rogatio, Interrogatio, Percontatio. Courtes et petites interrogations, Angustae interrogatiunculae. Escrire les interrogations et confessions faites par quelqu un pendant qu il est sur la geine, Quaestionem conscribere …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Interrogation — For other meanings of this and similar words (words starting Interrog... ) see Interrogation (disambiguation). A police interrogation room in Switzerland. Interrogation (also called questioning or interpellation) is interviewing as commonly… …   Wikipedia


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