Initial Teaching Alphabet


Initial Teaching Alphabet
a writing system based on an expanded English alphabet, consisting of 43 characters representing different phonemes of spoken English, used for teaching beginners to read. Abbr.: I.T.A., i.t.a. Also called augmented roman.

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 alphabet of 44 characters designed by Sir James Pitman to help children learn to read English more effectively. The Initial Teaching Alphabet is based on the phonemic (sound) system of English and uses the Roman alphabet, augmented by 14 additional characters, to represent each distinct sound with a separate symbol. It evolved from the “phonotypy” of Sir Isaac Pitman (grandfather of Sir James) and the “Nue Speling” of the Simplified Spelling Society of Great Britain. The Initial Teaching Alphabet adheres closely to traditional orthography but contains lowercase characters only; it retains certain conventions of English spelling, such as c and k to represent the same sound and double consonants. The Initial Teaching Alphabet was adopted on an experimental basis in some schools in England (beginning in 1960) and in the United States (beginning in 1963).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • initial teaching alphabet — noun Etymology: so called because it is used only in the initial stages of teaching reading : a 44 symbol alphabet designed especially for children who are learning to read English * * * a writing system based on an expanded English alphabet,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Initial Teaching Alphabet — The Initial Teaching Alphabet (I.T.A.) was developed by Sir James Pitman (the grandson of Sir Isaac Pitman, the inventor of a system of shorthand, who took up the issue of spelling reform with a variant typeface) as a tool for teaching children… …   Wikipedia

  • initial — adj., n., & v. adj. of, existing, or occurring at the beginning (initial stage; initial expenses). n. 1 = initial letter. 2 (usu. in pl.) the first letter or letters of the words of a (esp. a person s) name or names. v.tr. (initialled,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • alphabet — Synonyms and related words: IPA, ITA, Initial Teaching Alphabet, International Phonetic Alphabet, alphabetics, art, basics, beginning, blueprint, charactering, characterization, chart, choreography, commencement, conventional representation,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • alphabet — /al feuh bet , bit/, n. 1. the letters of a language in their customary order. 2. any system of characters or signs with which a language is written: the Greek alphabet. 3. any such system for representing the sounds of a language: the phonetic… …   Universalium

  • initialteaching alphabet — initial teaching alphabet n. An alphabet with 44 symbols, each of which represents a single sound, that is used to teach beginning reading of English. * * * …   Universalium

  • Augmented Roman Alphabet — noun Earlier name for Initial Teaching Alphabet (qv) • • • Main Entry: ↑augment …   Useful english dictionary

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