Industrial Workers of the World


Industrial Workers of the World
an international industrial labor union, considered radical by many, that was organized in Chicago in 1905 and that disintegrated after 1920. Abbr.: I.W.W., IWW Cf. Wobbly.

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▪ labour organization
 labour organization founded in Chicago in 1905 by representatives of 43 groups. The IWW opposed the American Federation of Labor (American Federation of Labor–Congress of Industrial Organizations)'s acceptance of capitalism and its refusal to include unskilled workers in craft unions.

      Among the founders of the IWW were William D. (“Big Bill”) Haywood (Haywood, William D) of the Western Federation of Miners (WFM), Daniel De Leon (De Leon, Daniel) of the Socialist Labor Party, and Eugene V. Debs (Debs, Eugene V.) of the Socialist Party. Debs withdrew his support as the group grew more radical.

      Prior to the founding of the IWW, members of the WFM had called a series of strikes in Cripple Creek, Colorado (1894), Leadville, Colorado (1896), Coeur d'Alene, Idaho (1899), and Telluride, Colorado (1903). The Cripple Creek strike was halted by state militia in 1904, which prompted the WFM to form the first incarnation of the IWW.

      Under Haywood's leadership, the IWW gained greater prominence as a revolutionary organization dedicated to controlling the means of production by the workers. Its tactics often led to arrests and sensational publicity; when IWW organizer Joe Hill (Hill, Joe) was executed in 1915 on a disputed murder charge, he became a martyr and folk hero for the labour movement. The organization won its greatest victories in the mining and lumbering industries of the Pacific Northwest.

      The IWW was the only labour organization to oppose U.S. participation in World War I, which IWW leaders protested by attempting to limit copper production in western states. The federal government responded by prosecuting and convicting some of those leaders under the newly enacted Sabotage and Espionage Acts. In the postwar years, the IWW underwent further scrutiny and prosecution by local officials responding to widespread antiradical sentiments. By 1925 membership in the IWW had dwindled to insignificance.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Industrial Workers Of The World — Demande de traduction Industrial Workers of the World → …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Industrial workers of the world — Demande de traduction Industrial Workers of the World → …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Industrial Workers of the World — Nombre oficial Industrial Workers of the World Año fundación 1905 Ideología sindicalista revolucionaria/sindicalista autogestionaria …   Wikipedia Español

  • Industrial Workers of the World — ou IWW (les adhérents du syndicat sont aussi appelés plus familièrement les Wobblies) est un syndicat international fondé aux États Unis en 1905 dont le siège actuel se trouve à Cincinnati dans l Ohio. À son apogée, en 1923, l organisation… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Industrial Workers of the World — Typ Gewerkschaft Gründung 1905 Sitz Chicago / …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Industrial Workers of the World — Industrial Workers of the World,   IWW …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Industrial Workers of the World — Infobox Union name= IWW country= International affiliation= members= 2,000/900 (2006) 100,000 (1923) full name= Industrial Workers of the World native name= founded= 1905 current= head= dissolved date= dissolved state= merged into= office=… …   Wikipedia

  • Industrial Workers of the World — Indus′trial Work′ers of the World′ n. gov an international industrial labor union that was organized in Chicago in 1905 and disintegrated after 1920 Abbr.: I.W.W. IWW …   From formal English to slang

  • Industrial Workers of the World — noun a former international labor union and radical labor movement in the United States; founded in Chicago in 1905 and dedicated to the overthrow of capitalism; its membership declined after World War I • Syn: ↑IWW, ↑I.W.W. • Hypernyms: ↑union,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Industrial Workers of the World — noun an organisation founded in Chicago, US, in 1905 and in Australia in 1907, to promote a single union for all workers; declared illegal in 1917. Abbrev.: IWW Also, Wobblies …   Australian English dictionary


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