industrial union

industrial union
a labor union composed of workers in various trades and crafts within one industry.
[1920-25]

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       trade union that combines all workers, both skilled and unskilled, who are employed in a particular industry. At the heart of industrial unionism is the slogan “one shop, one union.”

      Excluded from the early unions of skilled craftsmen, the semiskilled and unskilled workers in the mass-production (mass production) industries began organizing in Britain about the end of the 19th century; similar developments occurred a little later in other countries. In their struggle for recognition, the new unions tended to employ tactics that were more aggressive than those used by the craft unions (craft union). Unlike the latter, trade unions could not rely on the scarcity of workers as leverage in negotiations. Instead, they gained recognition and success by organizing large numbers of unskilled workers. In the United States, one of the most enduring federations of such unions, the Congress of Industrial Organizations (American Federation of Labor–Congress of Industrial Organizations) (CIO), began in 1935. Unlike the American Federal of Labor (AFL)—which had ignored the new industries that employed thousands of unskilled or semiskilled workers—the CIO organized these industrial workers through sit-down strikes and walkouts. Employers often could not realistically hope to replace thousands of workers without loss of production and thus agreed to negotiate labour agreements.

      Today few unions are organized uniquely on a craft or industrial basis. Instead, large industrial unions may set up special divisions for particular occupational groups within their jurisdictions, or craft unions may become industrial as they organize additional nonskilled workers in new industries.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • industrial union — in·dus·tri·al union n: a labor union that admits to membership workers in an industry regardless of their occupation or craft compare craft union Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • industrial union — n. a labor union to which all workers in a given industry may belong, regardless of occupation or trade: distinguished from CRAFT UNION …   English World dictionary

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  • industrial union — A labor union organized on an industrial basis without regard to the particular occupations or skills of the members, taking in as members all employees of a particular industrial unit. 31 Am J Rev ed Lab § 13 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • industrial union — noun a labor union that admits all workers in a given industry irrespective of their craft • Syn: ↑vertical union • Hypernyms: ↑union, ↑labor union, ↑trade union, ↑trades union, ↑brotherhood • …   Useful english dictionary

  • industrial union — noun Date: 1902 a labor union open to workers in an industry irrespective of their occupation or craft compare craft union …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • industrial union — See trade union …   Big dictionary of business and management

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  • Industrial Union Department v. American Petroleum Institute — SCOTUSCase Litigants=Industrial Union Department v. American Petroleum Institute ArgueDate=October 10 ArgueYear=1979 DecideDate=July 2 DecideYear=1980 FullName=Industrial Union Department, AFL CIO v. American Petroleum Institute et al. USVol=448… …   Wikipedia


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