indiction


indiction
indictional, adj.
/in dik"sheuhn/, n.
1. a proclamation made every 15 years in the later Roman Empire, fixing the valuation of property to be used as a basis for taxation.
2. a tax based on such valuation.
3. Also called cycle of indiction. the recurring fiscal period of 15 years in the Roman Empire, long used for dating ordinary events. Cf. lustrum.
4. a specified year in this period.
5. the number indicating it.
[1350-1400; ME indiccio(u)n < L indiction- (s. of indictio) announcement, equiv. to indict(us) ptp. of indicere to announce, proclaim + -ion- -ION]

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      in ancient Rome, the fiscal year. During the inflation of the 3rd century AD the Roman government supplied court and army employees by ordering the requisition, or by compulsory purchase (indictio), of food and clothing. Such indictiones were irregular, often oppressive, and inequitable. Reform measures under Diocletian (AD 284–305) provided for the annual levy of indictio based on land and population censuses, hence the institution of indiction, or fiscal year. From AD 287 indictions were numbered in cycles of 5 years. From 312 they were reckoned in cycles of 15 years. The indiction was reckoned from September 1, unlike the civil (consular) year, which began January 1.

      Roman Catholic popes until 1087 used the indictional year, generally reckoned from September 1, except in Italy after the 7th century, when indictional and civil years coincided. The indictional year, as adapted by the Anglo-Saxons, began on September 24, the autumnal equinox. After adoption by Charlemagne in the late 8th century, the indictional system was transmitted to France. It fell into disuse after the 16th century, although it still appears in some almanacs. The indiction system was used for dating documents in the Byzantine Empire, which called itself the Roman Empire, until its fall in 1453.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • indiction — [ ɛ̃diksjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1120; bas lat. indictio, de indicere « publier » ♦ Relig. Fixation à un jour dit. Indiction d un concile, d un synode. ⇒ convocation. ● Indiction rang qu occupe une année dans une période de quinze ans, perpétuellement… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Indiction — In*dic tion, n. [L. indictio: cf. F. indiction. See {Indict}, {Indite}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Declaration; proclamation; public notice or appointment. [Obs.] Indiction of a war. Bacon. [1913 Webster] Secular princes did use to indict, or permit the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • indiction — Indiction. s. f. Convocation d une grande Assemblée à certain jour. Il ne se dit que d un Concile, Depuis l indiction du Concile de Nice, du Concile de Trente. Il signifie aussi, Une maniere de compter de quinze en quinze années, dont on ne se… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Indiction — (lat. Indictio), 1) Ansagung einer Auflage; 2) (Römerzinszahl, Indictionscyclus), eine Zeitperiode von 15 Jahren, welche bei den Römern unter Constantin dem Großen im Jahr 313 eingeführt wurde, um darnach die Schätzung der Unterthanen in allen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Indiction — Indiction, lat. deutsch, Ansagung, Abgabe, Auflage, im Codex Theodosianus = Zeitrechnung von 15 Jahren; in letztgenannter Bedeutung kommt die I. in allen unsern Kalendern vor. Zu Konstantins d. Gr. Zeit wurde nämlich diese Periode von 15 Jahren… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • indicţion — indicţión ( oáne), s.n. – 1. Convocare (bisericească). – 2. Perioadă de 15 ani. gr. ίνδιϰτιών. sec. XVII. Trimis de blaurb, 24.12.2007. Sursa: DER …   Dicționar Român

  • indiction — (n.) late 14c., period of fifteen years, a chronological unit of the Romans, originally for taxation purposes, fixed by Constantine and reckoned from Sept. 1, 312; it was still in use in the Middle Ages. From L. indictionem (nom. indictio)… …   Etymology dictionary

  • indiction — [in dik′shən] n. [ME indictioun < L indictio < pp. of indicere, to declare, announce < in , in + dicere, to say, tell: see DICTION] 1. the edict of a Roman emperor, fixing the tax valuation of property for each fifteen year period 2. the …   English World dictionary

  • Indiction — An indiction is any of the years in a 15 year cycle used to date medieval documents throughout Europe, both East and West. Each year was numbered: first indiction, second indiction, etc. However, the cycles were not numbered, thus other… …   Wikipedia

  • indiction — (in di ksion ; en vers, de quatre syllabes) s. f. 1°   Convocation à certain jour.    Plus particulièrement. Convocation d un concile ou d un synode. Depuis l indiction du concile de Trente jusqu à l ouverture. L indiction du concile est au… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Indiction — L’indiction romaine du latin indictio, « annonce » , correspond à une imposition en nature, puis sous le Bas Empire à une période d actualisation des bases fiscales, fixée à 15 ans. Sous la république romaine, le terme d indiction n… …   Wikipédia en Français


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