independence


independence
/in'di pen"deuhns/, n.
1. Also, independency. the state or quality of being independent.
2. freedom from the control, influence, support, aid, or the like, of others.
3. Archaic. a competency.
[1630-40; INDEPEND(ENT) + -ENCE]
Syn. 1. See freedom.

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I
City (pop., 2000: 113,288), western Missouri, U.S. Settled in 1827, it served as the starting point for the Santa Fe Trail and the Oregon Trail and was a rendezvous for wagon trains during the California gold rush.

Home of a Mormon colony (1831–33), it is now the world headquarters of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. It was occupied by Union troops during the American Civil War and was the scene of two skirmishes with Confederates. The hometown of Pres. Harry Truman, it is the site of the Harry S. Truman Library and Museum.
II
(as used in expressions)
Algerian War of Independence
United States War of Independence
Greek Independence War of
League for the Independence of Vietnam

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      city, seat (1870) of Montgomery county, southeastern Kansas, U.S. Independence lies on the Verdigris River, near Elk City Lake (dammed for flood control and irrigation). It was founded in 1869 by a company that purchased a portion of an Osage Indian reservation. The town had temporary economic booms with the discoveries of natural gas in 1881 and oil fields in 1903. Independence is now a trade and processing centre for agricultural products (wheat and beef and dairy cattle) and for the production of oil and natural gas. Cement, boats, machinery, and electronic equipment are manufactured. Independence Community College was established in 1925. Nearby is Montgomery State Fishing Lake and Elk City State Park. The official Little House on the Prairie historic site, a small log cabin reconstructed on the foundation of the original house to resemble that found in Laura Ingalls Wilder (Wilder, Laura Ingalls)'s famous book, is located 13 miles (21 km) southwest of the city. Former Independence residents include Alfred M. Landon (Landon, Alf), U.S. presidential candidate in 1936, and playwright William Inge (Inge, William). Inc. 1870. Pop. (1990) 9,942; (2000) 9,846.

 city, seat of Jackson county, western Missouri, U.S., immediately east of Kansas City. It is the hometown of President Harry S. Truman (Truman, Harry S.) (who was born at Lamar, 100 miles [160 km] south). Settled in 1827, the county was named for Andrew Jackson, and the community of Independence was named the county seat in that year. Near the western terminus of transportation on the Missouri River, Independence was the starting point for the Santa Fe, Oregon, and California trails and later became a rendezvous for wagon trains to the California gold mines. Mormon settlers arrived in 1831, but local resentment drove them out in 1833. During the American Civil War, the city was occupied by Union troops and was the scene of two skirmishes with Confederates.

      Higher-education opportunities are found at the Independence campuses of Graceland University, Park University, and Blue River Community College, as well as at several vocational and technical schools. The Harry S. Truman Library and Museum (1957), housing the former president's private papers and mementos, has a Thomas Hart Benton mural, Independence and the Opening of the West; Truman's grave is in the courtyard. His mid-19th-century Victorian home and his courtroom and office are preserved. The Auditorium in Independence (completed 1962) is the centrepiece of the world headquarters of the Community of Christ (formerly the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints). Exhibits at the National Frontier Trails Center chronicle western migration. The city's economy relies primarily on services and retail trade. Inc. 1849. Pop. (2000) 113,288; (2005 est.) 110,208.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

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  • Independence — Independence, MO U.S. city in Missouri Population (2000): 113288 Housing Units (2000): 50213 Land area (2000): 78.328220 sq. miles (202.869151 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.126088 sq. miles (0.326566 sq. km) Total area (2000): 78.454308 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Independence — (eng. Unabhängigkeit) steht für Independence (Zigarren), Zigarrenmarke USS Independence, Schiffe der US Navy Independence (1951), Linienschiff für die Hochseeschifffahrt Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Independence (Alabama) Independence (Iowa)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Independence — puede referirse a: Independence, álbum del grupo Sex Museum Independence Day, película de 1996 Independence Hall, monumento nacional de Estados Unidos USS Independence, nombre de diversos buques estadounidenses Lugares Independence (Alabama)… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Independence — is the self government of a nation, country, or state by its residents and population, or some portion thereof, generally exercising sovereignty. The term independence is used in contrast to subjugation, which refers to a region as a territory… …   Wikipedia

  • independence — UK US /ˌɪndɪˈpendəns/ noun [U] ► POLITICS freedom to make laws or decisions without being governed or controlled by another country, organization, etc.: gain/win/declare independence »The country gained its independence in 1991.… …   Financial and business terms

  • Independence — In de*pend ence, n. [Cf. F. ind[ e]pendance.] [1913 Webster] 1. The state or quality of being independent; freedom from dependence; exemption from reliance on, or control by, others; self subsistence or maintenance; direction of one s own affairs …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Independence, CA — U.S. Census Designated Place in California Population (2000): 574 Housing Units (2000): 342 Land area (2000): 3.997508 sq. miles (10.353498 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.997508 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Independence, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 6014 Housing Units (2000): 2610 Land area (2000): 3.708116 sq. miles (9.603975 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.134959 sq. miles (0.349542 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.843075 sq. miles (9.953517 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Independence, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 9846 Housing Units (2000): 4747 Land area (2000): 4.974332 sq. miles (12.883459 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.974332 sq. miles (12.883459 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Independence, KY — U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 14982 Housing Units (2000): 5391 Land area (2000): 16.772507 sq. miles (43.440592 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.006417 sq. miles (0.016619 sq. km) Total area (2000): 16.778924 sq. miles (43.457211 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Independence, LA — U.S. town in Louisiana Population (2000): 1724 Housing Units (2000): 735 Land area (2000): 2.231891 sq. miles (5.780571 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.001764 sq. miles (0.004570 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.233655 sq. miles (5.785141 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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