incipit


incipit
/in"si pit/; Lat. /ing"ki pit/, n.
1. the introductory words or opening phrases in the text of a medieval manuscript or an early printed book.
2. Music. the first words of a chanted liturgical text, as that of a Gregorian chant or certain medieval motets.
[1895-1900; < L: (here) begins, 3rd sing. pres. indic. of incipere]

* * *

Latin“here begins”

      the opening word or words of a medieval Western manuscript or early printed book. In the absence of a title page, the text may be recognized, referred to, and recorded by its incipit. As in the title pages or main divisions of later printed books, incipits provide an occasion for display letters and a fanfare of calligraphic (calligraphy) ornament.

      The end of the text in a medieval manuscript was announced by the word explicit, probably a reshaping (after incipit) of an earlier Latin phrase such as explicitum est volumen (“the book has been completely unrolled”), itself a reminder of the scroll form of the book used in the West before the codex format was adopted about AD 300.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Incipit — de Jacques le Fataliste. Aujourd hui, le mot incipit (du latin incipio, is, ere : « commencer ») désigne les premiers mots d un texte. Selon une tradition hébraïque reprise dans le christianisme, l incipit donne son titre au… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Íncipit — al evangelio de Juan. Segunda mitad siglo IX. Un íncipit (del latín incipit, ‘empieza’) son las primeras palabras de un texto. Siguiendo una tradición hebrea que se retoma en el cristianismo, el íncipit da su título al documento. La palabra… …   Wikipedia Español

  • incipit — [ ɛ̃sipit ] n. m. • 1840; mot lat., 3e pers. sing. indic. prés. de incipere « commencer » ♦ Didact. Premiers mots d un manuscrit, d un livre. Catalogue citant les incipit (ou les incipits) des ouvrages répertoriés. ● incipit nom masculin… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • incipit — ÍNCIPIT s.n. Formulă introductivă dintr o carte tipărită sau dintr un manuscris antic sau medieval, care cuprindea titlul lucrării şi numele autorului. – Din lat. [hic] incipit aici începe . Trimis de valeriu, 21.07.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  íncipit… …   Dicționar Român

  • íncipit — Latinismo procedente de la forma verbal latina incipit (‘empieza’), que se emplea en las descripciones bibliográficas, como sustantivo masculino, con el sentido de ‘primeras palabras de un escrito o de un impreso antiguo’. Debe escribirse con… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • íncipit — (Del lat. incĭpit, 3.ª pers. de sing. del pres. de indic. de incipĕre, empezar). m. En las descripciones bibliográficas, primeras palabras de un escrito o de un impreso antiguo …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • incipit — / intʃipit/ s.m. [3a pers. sing. dell indic. pres. del v. lat. incipĕre incominciare ; propr. incomincia ]. 1. (filol., bibl.) [nei manoscritti e nelle prime stampe, parola iniziale della formula che si poneva in apertura di un opera] ▶◀ Ⓖ inizio …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • incipit — opening word of a Latin book or manuscript, Latin, lit. (here) begins, third person singular present indicative of incipere (see INCIPIENT (Cf. incipient)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • incipit — ìncipit m DEFINICIJA pov. početni dio teksta srednjovjekovnog rukopisa, gregorijanskog korala i inkunabula, sadrži naziv djela i ime pisca; intonacija ETIMOLOGIJA lat.: (ovdje) počinje ← incipere: počinjati …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • incipit — [in′si pit΄] vi. [L] (here) begins: a word sometimes placed at the beginning of a medieval manuscript n. the beginning of something; specif., the first words of a medieval manuscript …   English World dictionary

  • Incipit — Handschrift aus dem Benediktinerstift Weihenstephan, um 1475, oben (in rot) das frühneuhochdeutsche Incipit „Hie hebt sich an der heyligen leben in dem wintertayl“ Das lateinische Wort i …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.