Ijo


Ijo
/ee"joh/, n., pl. Ijos, (esp. collectively) Ijo for 1.
1. a member of an indigenous people of the Niger delta in southern Nigeria.
2. the Niger-Congo language of the Ijo.
Also, Ijaw.

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people
also called  Ijaw 

      people of the forests of the Niger River delta in Nigeria comprising a large number of formerly autonomous groups. They speak languages of the Ijoid branch (Ijoid languages) of the Niger-Congo language family.

      West of the main Niger outlets each group occupies a cluster of villages linked by loose ties of cooperation, mainly against outsiders. Its members claim descent from a common ancestor. At group and village levels government is by assemblies of elders, often presided over by priests. The economy is based on fishing, palm oil collecting, and floodland agriculture.

      Formerly, when the economy was based primarily on fishing, each group claimed a distinctive culture and political autonomy. After contact with European merchants about 1500, however, the communities of Bonny, Calabar, and Nemke began trading first in slaves and then in palm oil. Wealthy traders became very powerful and governed in council with a hereditary king. Each trader purchased numerous slaves (slavery) for incorporation into his own section of the community; if the trader had no suitable heir, an able slave succeeded him. Competition with other groups over hinterland markets and an emphasis on cultural separation rather than on links of common descent meant that ability was valued more than pedigree, permitting the emergence of such slave-born (i.e., non-Ijo) leaders as George of Calabar and Chief Jaja of Opobo.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • ijo — ijo; ijo·lite; …   English syllables

  • Ijo — Ijo, 1) Fluß im Gouvernement Uleåborg in Finnland, entspringt aus dem See Irni u. fällt in den Bottnischen Meerbusen; 20 Meilen lang; 2) Marktflecken an dessen Mündung; Glashütte …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ijo — Ijo, Fluß im finn. Län Uleåborg, mündet in den Bottnischen Meerbusen, 230 km lg …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • IJO — (Regional » Language Codes (3 Letters)) * Internet Job Offer (Business » Positions) * Internet Job Offer (Internet) …   Abbreviations dictionary

  • -ijo — (Del lat. icŭlus). suf. U. para formar despectivos y diminutivos a partir de nombres. Revoltijo, atadijo …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • ijo — ˈē(ˌ)jō noun also ijaw jȯ (plural ijo or ijos also ijaw or ijaws) Usage: usually capitalized 1 …   Useful english dictionary

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