hydrochloric acid


hydrochloric acid
a colorless or faintly yellow, corrosive, fuming liquid, HCl, used chiefly in chemical and industrial processes.
[1825-35]

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Solution in water of hydrogen chloride (HCl), a gaseous inorganic compound.

It is a strong acid, virtually completely dissociated (see dissociation) into hydronium cations (H3O+) and chloride anions (Cl-), and is corrosive and irritating. The acid reacts with most metals, to produce hydrogen and the metal's chloride, and with oxides, hydroxides, and many salts. It is used extensively in industrial processing of metals and concentrating of some ores; in boiler scale removal, food processing, metal cleaning, and pickling; and as a chemical intermediate, laboratory reagent, and alcohol denaturant (see ethanol). Hydrochloric acid is present in the stomach's gastric juice and is involved in the devlopment of peptic ulcers.

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      corrosive, colourless acid that is prepared by dissolving gaseous hydrogen chloride in water (see hydrogen chloride).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Hydrochloric acid — IUPAC name Hydrochloric acid[ …   Wikipedia

  • Hydrochloric acid — Hydrochloric Hy dro*chlo ric, a. [Hydro , 2 + chloric: cf. F. hydrochlorique.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or compounded of, chlorine and hydrogen gas; as, hydrochloric acid; chlorhydric. [1913 Webster] {Hydrochloric acid} (Chem.), hydrogen chloride;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hydrochloric acid — [hī΄drə klôr′ik] n. a strong, highly corrosive acid that is a water solution of the gas hydrogen chloride, HCl: it is widely used in ore processing, for cleaning metals, as a reagent, etc …   English World dictionary

  • hydrochloric acid — ► NOUN ▪ a strongly acidic solution of the gas hydrogen chloride …   English terms dictionary

  • hydrochloric acid — HCl; the acid of gastric juice. The commercial product is used as an escharotic; the gas and the concentrated solution are strong irritants. SYN: muriatic acid. diluted h. a preparation that contains, in each 100 mL, 10 g of HCl; used internally… …   Medical dictionary

  • hydrochloric acid — [[t]ha͟ɪdrəklɒrɪk æ̱sɪd[/t]] N UNCOUNT Hydrochloric acid is a colourless, strong acid containing hydrogen and chlorine …   English dictionary

  • hydrochloric acid — a strong acid present, in a very dilute form, in gastric juice. The secretion of excess hydrochloric acid by the stomach results in the condition hyperchlorhydria …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • hydrochloric acid — druskos rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis HCl tirpalas. atitikmenys: angl. hydrochloric acid rus. соляная кислота; хлористоводородная кислота …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • hydrochloric acid — vandenilio chloridas statusas T sritis chemija formulė HCl atitikmenys: angl. hydrochloric acid; hydrogen chloride rus. водорода хлорид; хлороводород …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • hydrochloric acid — noun A strong acid made by dissolving the gas, hydrogen chloride, in water. It reacts with alkalis, bases and many metals to form chlorides; it has many industrial applications Syn: E507, acidity regulator, muriatic a …   Wiktionary


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