Hyacinthus


Hyacinthus
/huy'euh sin"theuhs/, n. Class. Myth.
a youth loved but accidentally killed by Apollo: from the youth's blood sprang the hyacinth.

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In Greek mythology, a young man of great beauty who attracted the love of Apollo.

The god killed him accidentally in discus throwing, and from his blood grew the flower hyacinthos (not the modern hyacinth), whose petals were marked with the words AI, AI ("Alas"). His death was celebrated at Amyclae, his native town in Sparta, with an early summer festival known as the Hyacinthia. The festival marked the transition from spring to summer.

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      in Greek legend, a young man of Amyclae in Laconia. According to the usual version, his great beauty attracted the love of Apollo, who killed him accidentally while teaching him to throw the discus; others related that Zephyrus (or Boreas) out of jealousy deflected the discus so that it hit Hyacinthus on the head and killed him. Out of his blood there grew the flower called hyacinthos (perhaps a fritillary; not the modern hyacinth), the petals of which were marked with the mournful exclamation AI, AI (“Alas”). The flower was also said to have sprung from the blood of Ajax, the son of Telamon.

      The death of Hyacinthus was celebrated at Amyclae by the second most important of Spartan festivals, the Hyacinthia, in the Spartan month Hyacinthius. Probably an early summer festival, it lasted three days, the rites gradually passing from mourning for Hyacinthus to rejoicing in the majesty of Apollo. This festival was clearly connected with vegetation and marked the passage from the youthful verdure of spring to the dry heat of summer and the ripening of the grain.

      Hyacinthus was undoubtedly a pre-Hellenic god. The precise relation that he bore to Apollo is obscure, but he was eventually assimilated to Apollo's cult. Certain aspects of his own cult suggest that he was an underworld vegetation deity whose death was mourned like that of Adonis.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Hyacinthus — can refer to:*Hyacinth (mythology) *Hyacinth (plant) …   Wikipedia

  • Hyacinthus — L. (Hyazinthe), Gattung der Liliazeen, Zwiebelgewächse mit grundständigen, saftigen, linealen Blättern, in Trauben stehenden, röhrigglockenförmigen Blüten mit lanzettlich auswärts gekrümmten oder fast aufrechten Segmenten und dreikantiger Kapsel… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Hyacinthus [2] — Hyacinthus (mythol.), s. Hyakinthos …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hyacinthus — Hyacinthus, nach der griech. Mythe der schöne Sohn des spartan. Königs Amyklas, Liebling des Apollo, wurde von demselben durch Zufall beim Diskuswerfen getödtet u. in die Blume H. verwandelt. Die Spartaner feierten zu seiner Ehre zu Amyklä alle… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • HYACINTHUS — Amyclae Spartanorum Regis fil. Eurotae nepos, eodem tempore a Zephyro et Apolline adamatus. Verum cum in Apollinis amorem propensior esset, aegre id ferens Zephyrus, amorem in odium convertit, Cum Hyacintho deliciis suis disci iactu dum sese… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Hyacinthus — [hī΄ə sin′thəs] n. [L < Gr Hyakinthos, lit., HYACINTH] Gr. Myth. a youth loved and accidentally slain by Apollo, who causes to grow from his blood a flower bearing the letters AI AI (a Greek cry of sorrow) …   English World dictionary

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  • Hyacinthus — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jacinthe. Hyacinthus …   Wikipédia en Français