hyacinth


hyacinth
/huy"euh sinth/, n.
1. a bulbous plant, Hyacinthus orientalis, of the lily family, widely cultivated for its cylindrical cluster of fragrant flowers in a variety of colors.
2. any of various similar or related plants, as the grape hyacinth or the water hyacinth.
3. a plant fabled to have sprung from the blood of Hyacinthus and variously identified as iris, gladiolus, larkspur, etc.
4. Mineral. a reddish-orange zircon.
5. a gem of the ancients, held to be the amethyst or sapphire. Also called jacinth for defs. 3-5.
[1545-55; < L hyacinthus < Gk hyákinthos blue larkspur, also a gem of blue color; cf. JACINTH]

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Any of the approximately 30 species of bulbous ornamental herbaceous plants that make up the genus Hyacinthus (lily family), native primarily to the Mediterranean region and tropical Africa.

The common garden hyacinths are derived from H. orientalis. Most species have narrow, untoothed leaves at the base of the plant and fragrant flowers (usually blue, but sometimes pink, white, or other colors in cultivated varieties) borne in a cluster at the top of the leafless stems. See also grape hyacinth.

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gem
also spelled  Jacinth,  

      a red, orange, or yellow variety of the gemstone zircon (q.v.).

plant
 any ornamental plant of the genus Hyacinthus of the family Hyacinthaceae, consisting of about 30 species of bulbous herbs native primarily to the Mediterranean region and tropical Africa. The common garden hyacinths are derived from H. orientalis.

      Most species have narrow, untoothed leaves at the base of the plant and fragrant flowers that usually are blue but may be pink, white, or other colours in cultivated varieties. The flowers are borne in a cluster at the top of the leafless stems, and each flower stalk has a small bract (leaflike structure) below it.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Hyacinth — Hy a*cinth, n. [L. hyacinthus a kind of flower, prob. the iris, gladiolus, or larkspur, also a kind of gem, perh. the sapphire; as, a proper name, Hyacinthus, a beautiful Laconian youth, beloved by Apollo, fr. Gr. ?, ?: cf. F. hyacinthe. Cf.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hyacinth — f English form of the name borne in classical mythology by a beautiful youth (Hyakinthos in Greek, Hyacinthus in Latin) who was accidentally killed by Apollo and from whose blood sprang a flower bearing his name (not the modern hyacinth, but a… …   First names dictionary

  • hyacinth — 1550s, the plant hyacinth; re Greeked from earlier jacinth (late 14c.) hyacinth; blue cornflower, earlier a precious stone blue (rarely red) in color (c.1200), from O.Fr. jacinte and M.L. jacintus, ultimately from Gk. hyakinthos, probably… …   Etymology dictionary

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  • hyacinth — [hī′ə sinth΄] n. [L hyacinthus < Gr hyakinthos, wild hyacinth, bluebell, blue larkspur, hence a blue gem] 1. a) among the ancients, a blue gem, probably the sapphire b) any of the reddish orange or brownish varieties of zircon or certain other …   English World dictionary

  • Hyacinth — Hyacinth, 1) Mineral, krystallisirt in Säulen u. Pyramiden des tetragonalen Systems, erscheint auch in losen abgerundeten Körnern, Bruch muschelig bis uneben, Härte 7–8, spec. Gew. 4,4–4,7; roth bis pomeranzengelb, glasglänzend, oft… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hyacinth — Hyacinth, die intensiv rothe u. pomeranzengelbe Abänderung des Zirkons genannt, ein Mineral von großer Härte, aus Kieselerde, Zirkonerde u. Eisen bestehend. von 4,4. bis 4,6. spec. Gew. Man findet die verschiedenen Abänderungen des… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • hyacinth — ► NOUN ▪ a plant with a spike of bell shaped fragrant flowers. ORIGIN named after Hyacinthus in Greek mythology: Hyacinthus was a youth loved by the god Apollo but accidentally killed by him, from whose blood Apollo caused a flower to grow …   English terms dictionary

  • hyacinth — rytinis hiacintas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Hiacintinių šeimos augalas (Hyacinthus orientalis), iš kurio gaunamas eterinis aliejus. atitikmenys: lot. Hyacinthus orientalis angl. common hyacinth; Dutch hyacinth; garden hyacinth;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)


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