hundred


hundred
/hun"drid/, n., pl. hundreds, (as after a numeral) hundred, adj.
n.
1. a cardinal number, ten times ten.
2. a symbol for this number, as 100 or C.
3. a set of this many persons or things: a hundred of the men.
4. hundreds, a number between 100 and 999, as in referring to an amount of money: Property loss was only in the hundreds of dollars.
5. Informal.
a. a hundred-dollar bill.
b. the sum of one hundred dollars.
6. (formerly) an administrative division of an English county.
7. a similar division in colonial Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Virginia, and in present-day Delaware.
8. Also called hundred's place. Math.
a. (in a mixed number) the position of the third digit to the left of the decimal point.
b. (in a whole number) the position of the third digit from the right.
adj.
9. amounting to one hundred in number.
[bef. 950; ME, OE (c. OFris hundred, OS hundred, ON hundrath, D honderd, G hundert), equiv. to hund 100 (c. Goth hund; akin to L centum, Gk hekatón, Avestan satam, Skt satám, OCS suto, Lith šímtas) + -red tale, count, akin to Goth rathjan to reckon (see READ1)]

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(as used in expressions)
Four Hundred Council of the
Hundred Years' War

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▪ English government
      unit of English local government and taxation, intermediate between village and shire, which survived into the 19th century. Originally, the term probably referred to a group of 100 hides (units of land required to support one peasant family). In the areas of Danish settlement these units were usually called wapentakes, and in the extreme northern counties of England, wards. The term hundred first appears in the laws of King Edmund I (939–946), but an anonymous Ordinance of the Hundred (issued before 975) indicates that the hundred was already a long-established institution. The hundred had a court in which private disputes and criminal matters were settled by customary law. The court met once a month, generally in the open air, at a time and place known to everyone. Originally, all dwellers within the hundred were expected to attend, but gradually suit of court (attendance) became restricted to the tenants of specific land. The suitors normally acted as the judges, but the sheriff was judge on the two annual visits (his “tourn”) he made to each hundred court. Increasingly, hundred courts fell into the hands of private lords. In medieval times the hundred was collectively responsible for various crimes committed within its borders if the offender were not produced. These responsibilities were extinguished by statute in the 19th century, and any reasons for maintaining or remembering the hundred boundaries disappeared.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • hundred — (n.) O.E. hundred the number of 100, a counting of 100, from W.Gmc. *hundrath (Cf. O.N. hundrað, Ger. hundert), first element is P.Gmc. *hunda hundred (Cf. Goth. hund, O.H.G. hunt), from PIE *kmtom hundred (Cf. Skt. satam, Avestan satem …   Etymology dictionary

  • Hundred — Hun dred (h[u^]n dr[e^]d), n. [OE. hundred, AS. hundred a territorial division; hund hundred + a word akin to Goth. ga ra[thorn]jan to count, L. ratio reckoning, account; akin to OS. hunderod, hund, D. hondred, G. hundert, OHG. also hunt, Icel.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hundred — might be:* Hundred (word), a word typically meaning the number 100 * Hundred (administrative division), a mostly obsolete geographic subdivision used for administrative purposes * Hundred Days, aka Waterloo Campaign * Hundred, West Virginia *… …   Wikipedia

  • Hundred — Hundred, WV U.S. town in West Virginia Population (2000): 344 Housing Units (2000): 178 Land area (2000): 0.467541 sq. miles (1.210925 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.467541 sq. miles (1.210925 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hundred, WV — U.S. town in West Virginia Population (2000): 344 Housing Units (2000): 178 Land area (2000): 0.467541 sq. miles (1.210925 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.467541 sq. miles (1.210925 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • hundred — ► CARDINAL NUMBER 1) ten more than ninety; 100. (Roman numeral: c or C.) 2) (hundreds) informal an unspecified large number. 3) used to express whole hours in the twenty four hour system. ► NOUN Brit. historical ▪ a subdivision o …   English terms dictionary

  • Hundred — Hun dred, a. Ten times ten; five score; as, a hundred dollars. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hundred — A political subdivision in old England. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. hundred A political subdivision in old England …   Law dictionary

  • Hundred — (spr. Höndr d), 1) Landesabtheilung der Angelsachsen in England; 2) eine 100 Grundeigenthümer umfassende, von Alfred in der Gerichtsbarkeit gemachte Gauabtheilung; die H. war wieder in zehn. Thitinge (decimae) eingetheilt; mehre Hundreds bildeten …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hundred — (»Hundertschaft«), bei den Angelsachsen eine Unterabteilung des Gaues (s. Gau) oder der Grafschaft (shire), entsprach der fränkischen Hundertschaft; dann (hundretum, hundreta) die Versammlung der freien Männer aus einem solchen Bezirk, die zur… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hundred — Hundred, Hundertschaft, in der angelsächs. Zeit eine Abteilung der Grafschaft (shire); dann auch die monatliche Versammlung der freien Männer eines solchen Landesbezirks zu Zwecken der Gerichtsbarkeit …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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