hue


hue
hue1
hueless, adj.
/hyooh/ or, often, /yooh/, n.
1. a gradation or variety of a color; tint: pale hues.
2. the property of light by which the color of an object is classified as red, blue, green, or yellow in reference to the spectrum.
3. color: all the hues of the rainbow.
4. form or appearance.
5. complexion.
[bef. 900; ME hewe, OE hiw form, appearance, color; c. ON hy bird's down, Sw hy skin, complexion, Goth hiwi form, appearance; akin to OE har gray (see HOAR)]
hue2
/hyooh/, n.
outcry, as of pursuers; clamor.
[1200-50; ME hu(e) < MF: a hoot, outcry (whence huer to hoot, cry out)]

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City (pop., 1992 est.: 219,149), central Vietnam.

The seat of the Chinese military authority in the kingdom of Nam Viet с 200 BC, it passed to the Chams с AD 200. In 1306 it was ceded to Dai Viet (Vietnam). It is the site of the imperial citadel, from which the Nguyen family reigned from the mid-16th to the mid-20th century. It was occupied by the Japanese (1940–45). It became the seat of a committee of noncommunist Vietnamese in April 1947 but lost this role in 1949, when the newly declared state of Vietnam chose Saigon (see Ho Chi Minh City) as its capital. Hue was largely destroyed during the 1968 Tet Offensive of the Vietnam War; it has since been rebuilt.

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city, central Vietnam. Lying on a plain backed by foothills of the Annamese Cordillera (Chaîne Annamitique) and situated 5 miles (8 km) from the South China Sea coast, Hue is traversed by the broad, shallow Huong River (Hue River, or Perfume River). At the city's heart, on the river's left bank, is the Chinese-style Vietnamese imperial citadel, Dai Noi, from which the Nguyen family controlled southern and central Vietnam from the mid-16th to the mid-20th century. The citadel's 7-mile (11-km) walled circumference enclosed priceless artifacts of Vietnamese civilization. During colonial times the French quarter was on the right bank. The commercial section of the city is located to the east of the imperial capital.

      First cited about 200 BC, when it was the seat of the Chinese military authority in the kingdom of Nam Viet (Chinese: Nan Yüeh), Hue passed about AD 200 to the Cham. It was captured repeatedly by the Chinese and in 1306 was ceded to Dai Viet (Vietnam). From 1558 Hue was the seat of the Nguyen family. In 1802 Prince Nguyen Anh, assisted by the French, became Emperor Gia Long of the newly established Nguyen Dynasty, which included Tonkin (northern Vietnam) and had its capital at Hue. The last of his line, Bao Dai, officially emperor of Vietnam from 1926 to 1945, functioned as a figurehead under the French protectorate, which had existed from 1883. Under Japanese occupation from 1940 to 1945, Hue became the seat of a provisional administrative committee of noncommunist Vietnamese in April 1947. On July 1, 1949, however, the newly declared state of Vietnam chose Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City) as its capital, and Hue lost its historic function.

      Since the end of World War II Hue has undergone several upheavals. Suffering early damage during the First Indochina War (Indochina wars) (1946–54), it experienced severe civil disturbances in 1963 and again in 1965. During the 1968 Tet Offensive of the Vietnam War, many of the former royal buildings, museums, libraries, and Buddhist shrines, including the Temple of Heaven, were damaged. The city was subsequently rebuilt.

      Situated in the path of the northeast winter monsoon (September to April), the city has heavy rainfall, from 104 to 116 inches (2,600 to 2,900 mm) annually. Summers are hot and relatively dry, June being the hottest month.

      During the French occupation Hue was linked to Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) by road and railway; it also has an airport at Phu Bai, some 10 miles (16 km) to the southeast. The city's university was originally founded in 1957; after being reorganized in 1976 it was granted university status in 1988. The early 17th-century Thien Mu pagoda and the tombs of the Nguyen kings are near the city. Hue's complex of historic monuments, centred on the imperial citadel, was placed on the World Heritage List (World Heritage site) in 1993. Pop. (1979) 165,865; (1989) 211,718; (1992 est.) 219,149.

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Universalium. 2010.

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