horseradish


horseradish
/hawrs"rad'ish/, n.
1. a cultivated plant, Armoracia rusticana, of the mustard family, having small, white flowers.
2. the pungent root of this plant, ground and used as a condiment and in medicine.
3. the condiment itself, sometimes moistened with vinegar or mixed with ground beets.
adj.
4. of or containing ground horseradish as a flavoring: brisket of beef with horseradish sauce.
[1590-1600; HORSE + RADISH]

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Hardy perennial plant (Armoracia lapathifolia) of the mustard family, native to Mediterranean lands and grown throughout the temperate zones.

Its hotly pungent, fleshy root is used as a condiment and is traditionally considered medicinal. In many cool, moist areas it has become a troublesome weed. The plant bears small white flowers, small oblong pods, and large, coarse, glossy-green basal leaves arising on long stems from the crown atop the large white root.

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plant
      (Armoracia lapathifolia), hardy perennial plant of the mustard family (Brassicaceae, or Cruciferae). Its hotly pungent, fleshy root is used as a condiment or table relish, mainly in the form of a sauce to enhance seafoods and meats; the root is traditionally considered medicinal. Native to Mediterranean lands, horseradish is now grown throughout the temperate zones. In many cool, moist areas it has become a troublesome weed.

      Large, coarse, glossy-green basal leaves arise on long stems from the crown atop the large white root. Small white flowers are borne in terminal or axillary racemes; small oblong pods are tipped by a short, persistent style. Cultivators propagate horseradish in the spring by placing pieces of pencil-sized roots in the soil at a slight angle with the upper ends covered 0.4 to 0.8 inch (1 to 2 cm) deep. All but the terminal shoots are removed to prevent later formation of multiple crowns, and the side roots are also rubbed off to minimize branching and crooked formation. All this work is done by hand. The process is repeated after six weeks, removing the soil from the upper part of the root and replacing it afterward.

      Roots are harvested after one growing season. They are plowed from the soil, washed, and trimmed for sale. Processors grate the root tissue and pack it in white vinegar.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • horseradish — (n.) 1590s, Cochlearia armoricia; the common name preserves the once common figurative sense of HORSE (Cf. horse) as strong, large, coarse (e.g. in obsolete horse mushroom, horse parsley, O.E. horsminte horse mint, etc.); also see RADISH (Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • horseradish — ► NOUN ▪ a plant grown for its pungent root which is often made into a sauce …   English terms dictionary

  • horseradish — [hôrs′rad΄ish] n. 1. a plant (Armoracia lapathifolia) of the crucifer family, grown for its pungent, white, fleshy root 2. a relish made of the grated root …   English World dictionary

  • Horseradish — This article is about the plant. For the book by Lemony Snicket, see Horseradish: Bitter Truths You Can t Avoid. Horseradish Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • horseradish — [[t]hɔ͟ː(r)srædɪʃ[/t]] 1) N UNCOUNT Horseradish is a small white vegetable that is the root of a crop. It has a very strong sharp taste and is often made into a sauce. ...1 tablespoon freshly grated horseradish. 2) N UNCOUNT Horseradish or… …   English dictionary

  • horseradish — UK [ˈhɔː(r)sˌrædɪʃ] / US [ˈhɔrsˌrædɪʃ] noun [countable] Word forms horseradish : singular horseradish plural horseradishes a) a plant with a long white root that has a strong taste b) sauce made from horseradish that is eaten cold with meat …   English dictionary

  • horseradish — n. heroin. (See also horse.) □ Bart can get you some horseradish. □ Gert is hooked on horseradish …   Dictionary of American slang and colloquial expressions

  • horseradish — noun Date: 1597 1. a tall coarse white flowered herb (Armoracia rusticana syn. A. lapathifolia) of the mustard family 2. a condiment made from ground up horseradish root …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • horseradish — horse|rad|ish [ hɔrs,rædıʃ ] noun count a plant with a long white root that has a strong taste a. sauce made from horseradish that is eaten cold with meat …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • horseradish — valgomasis krienas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bastutinių šeimos prieskoninis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Armoracia rusticana), kilęs iš vakarų Azijos, kitur – auginamas. Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai (kvėpikliai). atitikmenys: lot.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)


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