hop


hop
hop1
hoppingly, adv.
/hop/, v., hopped, hopping, n.
v.i.
1. to make a short, bouncing leap; move by leaping with all feet off the ground.
2. to spring or leap on one foot.
3. Informal. to make a short, quick trip, esp. in an airplane: He hopped up to Boston for the day.
4. Informal. to travel or move frequently from one place or situation to another (usually used in combination): to island-hop; to job-hop.
5. Informal. to dance.
v.t.
6. to jump over; clear with a hop: The sheep hopped the fence.
7. Informal. to board or get onto a vehicle: to hop a plane.
8. Informal. to cross in an airplane: We hopped the Atlantic in five hours.
9. hop to it, Informal. to begin to move, become active, or do something immediately: You'd better hop to it if you intend to buy groceries before the market closes. Also, hop to.
n.
10. an act of hopping; short leap.
11. a leap on one foot.
12. a journey, esp. a short trip by air.
13. Informal. a dance or dancing party.
14. a bounce or rebound of a moving object, as a ball: She caught the ball on the first hop.
[bef. 1000; ME hoppen (v.), OE hoppian; c. G hopfen, ON hoppa]
Syn. 1. jump, spring, bound.
hop2
/hop/, n., v., hopped, hopping.
n.
1. any twining plant of the genus Humulus, bearing male flowers in loose clusters and female flowers in conelike forms.
2. hops, the dried ripe cones of the female flowers of this plant, used in brewing, medicine, etc.
3. Older Slang. a narcotic drug, esp. opium.
v.t.
4. to treat or flavor with hops.
5. hop up, Slang.
a. to excite; make enthusiastic: They hopped the crowd up with fiery speeches.
b. to add to the power of: The kids hopped up the motor of their jalopy.
c. to stimulate by narcotics.
[1400-50; late ME hoppe < MD hoppe (D hop); c. OHG hopfo (G Hopfen)]

* * *

In botany, either of two species of the genus Humulus, nonwoody annual or perennial vines in the hemp family, native to temperate North America, Eurasia, and South America.

The hops used in the brewery industry (see beer) are the dried female flower clusters (cones) of the common hop (H. lupulus), a long-lived perennial with rough twining stems. Hops impart a mellow bitterness and delicate aroma to brewed beverages and aid in their preservation. The Japanese hop (H. japonicus) is a quick-growing annual species used as a screening vine.

Hop vine (Humulus lupulus) with female flowers (cones) used in brewing.

Grant Heilman

* * *

plant
 either of two species of the genus Humulus, nonwoody annual or perennial vines in the hemp family (Cannabinaceae) native to temperate North America, Eurasia, and South America. The hops used in the brewing industry are the dried female flower clusters (cones) of the common hop (H. lupulus). The Japanese hop (H. japonicus) is a quick-growing annual species used as a screening vine.

      Hops have been used almost exclusively for brewing purposes for 1,200 years or more. The brewing value of the cones is based on their content of bitter (soft) resins, essential oils, and perhaps tannins. These constituents, which are extracted from hops by boiling in wort (an aqueous infusion of malt), impart the desired mellow bitterness and delicate hop aroma to brewed beverages and aid in their preservation.

      The common hop is a long-lived herbaceous perennial with rough twining stems, 8 metres (26 feet) long, that always wind in a clockwise direction. New vines (also called bines) are produced each season and die following maturity. The vines must be supported on sturdy trellises. An extensive root system penetrates the soil to a depth of 5 metres (16 feet) or more.

      Hops are grown commercially over a wide range of climatic and soil conditions. In general, rich alluvial soils or deep sandy or gravelly, well-drained loams are preferred. Hops are commonly produced under irrigation in the United States where summertime precipitation is low. Irrigation is not practiced in England, where rainfall during the growing season is usually sufficient to raise the plants. Hop cones are harvested when fully mature, picked either by hand or by machine. Freshly picked hops have a high moisture content and must be dried in kilns before they can be used in brewing. After drying, they are cured and baled and are then ready for marketing. Major world producers include Germany, the United States, the Czech Republic, China, and England.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • hop — hop …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • hop n — hop v …   English expressions

  • hop — [ ɔp; hɔp ] interj. • 1828; onomat. ♦ Interjection servant à stimuler, à faire sauter. Allez, hop ! Hop là ! ♢ Pour accompagner un geste, une action brusque. Et hop ! allons y. ⇒HOP, HOUP, mot inv. A. Seul ou accompagnant un impér. [Pour donner… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hop — or hops may refer to:* Hop, a kind of small jump, especially using only one leg * Hop (plant), a genus of climbing flowering plants * Hops, the female flower clusters of one species of hop, used primarily as a flavouring and stability agent in… …   Wikipedia

  • Hop — Hop, n. [OE. hoppe; akin to D. hop, hoppe, OHG. hopfo, G. hopfen; cf. LL. hupa, W. hopez, Armor. houpez, and Icel. humall, SW. & Dan. humle.] 1. (Bot.) A climbing plant ({Humulus Lupulus}), having a long, twining, annual stalk. It is cultivated… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hop — interj., HOP, hopuri, s.n. I. interj. 1. Exclamaţie care însoţeşte o săritură peste un obstacol, ridicarea (ridica) unei greutăţi, căderea, aruncarea (arunca) sau scăparea (din mână) a unui lucru. ♢ expr. Nu zice hop până n ai sărit (sau până nu… …   Dicționar Român

  • hop it — (slang) To take oneself off, go away • • • Main Entry: ↑hop * * * hop it british spoken phrase used for telling someone to go away, especially when they are somewhere they should not be Thesaurus: ways of telling someone to go awaysynonym …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hóp — Hop ist ein Begriff aus der Netzwerktechnologie, siehe Hop (Netzwerktechnologie) ein belgischer Film (2003) von Dominique Standaert über einen afrikanischen Jungen, der mit seinem Vater illegal in Belgien lebt, siehe Hop (Film) ein See bzw. ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hop! — ein nur im gemeinen Leben übliches Aufmunterungswort. So pfleget man einem stolpernden Thiere oder Menschen zuzurufen, hop! hop! Ingleichen mit dem Wörtchen sa, hopsa! oder hop so! Wie auch, ein Ausruf der ausgelassenen Freude des großen Haufens …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • hop — Ⅰ. hop [1] ► VERB (hopped, hopping) 1) move by jumping on one foot. 2) (of a bird or animal) move by jumping with two or all feet at once. 3) jump over or on to. 4) informal move or go quickly. 5) …   English terms dictionary

  • Hop — Hop, n. 1. A leap on one leg, as of a boy; a leap, as of a toad; a jump; a spring. [1913 Webster] 2. A dance; esp., an informal dance of ball. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster] {Hop, skip and jump}, {Hop, step and a jump} or {Hop, step and jump}, 1. a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.