home rule


home rule
self-government in local matters by a city, province, state, colony, or the like.
[1855-60]

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▪ history of Great Britain and Ireland
      in British and Irish history, movement to secure internal autonomy for Ireland within the British Empire.

      The Home Government Association, calling for an Irish parliament, was formed in 1870 by Isaac Butt (Butt, Isaac), a Protestant lawyer who popularized “Home Rule” as the movement's slogan. In 1873 the Home Rule League replaced the association, and Butt's moderate leadership soon gave way to that of the more aggressive Charles Stewart Parnell (Parnell, Charles Stewart). Demands for land reform and denominational education were added to the Irish program, and Parnell's obstructionist tactics in the British Parliament publicized his country's grievances. Prime Minister William E. Gladstone (Gladstone, William Ewart) was converted to Home Rule by 1885, but it was rejected by Parliament in 1886. Gladstone introduced a second Home Rule Bill in 1893; it was defeated in the House of Lords. The third bill had to wait for another Liberal ministry (the Conservatives had attempted to “kill Home Rule by kindness,” to undermine its program by effecting moderate reforms); its introduction in 1912 inflamed the militant opposition of both Ulster Unionists (led by Edward Carson) and republicans in Ireland. The bill became law Sept. 18, 1914, but was inoperative for the duration of World War I. After years of conflict, a system akin to Home Rule was established in the six counties of Ulster (Northern Ireland) by the Government of Ireland Act (1920). By the Anglo-Irish Treaty (1921) the remaining 26 counties in the south achieved dominion status; the nominal link with the British Commonwealth was further eroded in 1937 and was severed in 1949.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Home rule — refers to a demand that constituent parts of a state be given greater self government within the greater administrative purview of the central government. In the United Kingdom, it has traditionally referred to self government, or devolution, for …   Wikipedia

  • home rule — n: self government or limited autonomy in internal affairs by a dependent political unit (as a territory or municipality); also: the political theory or principle of self government Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. home …   Law dictionary

  • Home rule — Home Home, a. 1. Of or pertaining to one s dwelling or country; domestic; not foreign; as home manufactures; home comforts. [1913 Webster] 2. Close; personal; pointed; as, a home thrust. [1913 Webster] 3. (Games) In various games, the ultimate… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Home-Rule — Home|rule, Home Rule [ hoʊmru:l ], die; [engl. home rule = Selbstregierung]: politisches Schlagwort für das von der irischen Nationalpartei angestrebte (1922 außer in Ulster verwirklichte) Ziel, die Selbstständigkeit Irlands auf parlamentarischem …   Universal-Lexikon

  • HOME RULE — L’expression signifie «autonomie interne» et a pu être employée dans des occasions variées. Historiquement, elle appartient à l’Irlande: elle est la revendication, à partir de 1870, d’un mouvement pour «un gouvernement autonome» qui, opposé à la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • home rule — 1860, originally in reference to Ireland, from HOME (Cf. home) + RULE (Cf. rule) …   Etymology dictionary

  • home rule — англ. (хоум рул) см. гомруль. Толковый словарь иностранных слов Л. П. Крысина. М: Русский язык, 1998 …   Словарь иностранных слов русского языка

  • home rule — n [U] the right of a country or area to have its own government and laws …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • home rule — noun uncount a form of government in which people have control in their own country, rather than being controlled by another country or EMPIRE …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • home rule — home′ rule′ n. gov self government in local matters by a city, province, state, colony, or the like • Etymology: 1855–60 …   From formal English to slang


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