/hawk"kuy daw"/; Eng. /ho kuy"doh/, n.a large island in N Japan. 5,660,000; 30,303 sq. mi. (78,485 sq. km). Formerly, Yezo.
* * *Island (pop., 2000 prelim.: 5,683,000) and province, northern Japan.Northernmost of the four main islands of Japan, it is bordered by the Sea of Japan (East Sea), the Sea of Okhotsk, and the Pacific Ocean and has an area of 30,107 sq mi (77,978 sq km). Its administrative headquarters is Sapporo. Within its borders are several high mountains, including Asahi (7,513 ft [2,290 m]), and Japan's longest river, the Ishikari. Long the domain of the aboriginal Ainu, Hokkaido attracted serious Japanese settlement beginning in 1869. It has a varied economy, supported by iron and steel, and the largest coal deposits in Japan. The Seikan Tunnel (1988) under the Tsugaru Strait links it with Honshu.
* * *northernmost of the four main islands of Japan, bordered by the Sea of Japan (west), the Sea of Okhotsk (north), and the Pacific Ocean (east and south). The island of Hokkaido has an area of 30,107 square miles (77,978 square km). Together with a few small adjacent islands, it constitutes a dō (province) with an area of 32,247 square miles (83,520 square km), making up 21 percent of Japan's land area. Hokkaido is characterized by a cool climate and recently formed mountains and volcanoes. It was long the domain of the aboriginal Ainu peoples. Serious Japanese settlement of the island began in 1869, when the territory, which was then called Yezo dō (province), was renamed Hokkaido (“North Sea Province”).Sapporo (q.v.) is the administrative headquarters and an industrial, commercial, and tourist centre. Hokkaido University, founded in 1876, is located there. Other important towns are the ports of Hakodate, Otaru, and Muroran.The economic development of Hokkaido includes iron, steel, wood-pulp, dairy, and fishing industries. Rice, soy and kidney beans, oats, barley, hay, and white potatoes are important crops. The island contains the largest coal deposits in Japan. Construction of the Seikan Tunnel, which was dug under the Tsugaru Strait in order to link Hokkaido with the main Japanese island of Honshu, was begun in 1964 and was completed in 1988. The tunnel carries a rail line between Hakodate on Hokkaido and Aomori on Honshu. Pop. (1992 est.) 5,659,000.
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Hokkaido — Hokkaidō 43° N 142° E / 43, 142 … Wikipédia en Français
Hokkaidô — Hokkaidō 43° N 142° E / 43, 142 … Wikipédia en Français
Hokkaïdo — Hokkaidō 43° N 142° E / 43, 142 … Wikipédia en Français
Hokkaïdô — Hokkaidō 43° N 142° E / 43, 142 … Wikipédia en Français
Hokkaidô — (anc. Yeso) île septent. du Japon; 78 515 km²; 5 679 000 hab.; ch. l. Sapporo. L île, montagneuse (alt. max. 2 290 m), aux trois quarts recouverte de forêts, a un climat rude. Sa mise en valeur a débuté à la fin du XIXe s.: pêche, céréales, bois … Encyclopédie Universelle
Hokkaido — Hok*kai do (h[o^]k*k[imac] d[=o]), prop. n. [Jap.] The northernmost of the main islands of Japan. Together with the islands of Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku it forms the bulk of the land area of Japan. [PJC] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Hokkaido — (Nordseestraße), japan. Provinz, die Insel Jeso nebst den Kurilen umfassend, 94,012 qkm mit (1898) 610,155 Einw., wobei aber die 50–80,000 Japaner mit eingeschlossen sind, die nur während der Sommermonate nach Jeso zum Fischfang und Einsammeln… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Hokkaido — Hokkaido, japan. Insel, s. Jesso … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Hokkaido — er Japans nordligste ø. Der er en række aktive vulkaner på øen, som ved deres udbrud har dræbt et stort antal mennesker. Senest i 1995 hvor byen Kobe blev ramt med 6.000 døde til følge. Befolkningen er på cirka fem millioner mennesker … Danske encyklopædi
Hokkaido — [hō kī′dō] one of the four main islands of Japan, north of Honshu: 32,221 sq mi (83,452 sq km); chief city, Sapporo … English World dictionary
Hokkaido — For the dog breed, see Hokkaido (dog). Hokkaido Japanese transcription(s) – Japanese 北海道 – Rōmaji Hokkaidō … Wikipedia