hoist


hoist
hoister, n.
/hoyst/ or, sometimes, /huyst/, v.t.
1. to raise or lift, esp. by some mechanical appliance: to hoist a flag; to hoist the mainsail.
2. to raise to one's lips and drink; drink (esp. beer or whiskey) with gusto: Let's go hoist a few beers.
3. Archaic. a pt. and pp. of hoise.
4. hoist with or by one's own petard. See petard (def. 4).
n.
5. an apparatus for hoisting, as a block and tackle, a derrick, or a crane.
6. act of hoisting; a lift: Give that sofa a hoist at your end.
7. Naut.
a. the vertical dimension amidships of any square sail that is hoisted with a yard. Cf. drop (def. 28).
b. the distance between the hoisted and the lowered position of such a yard.
c. the dimension of a fore-and-aft sail along the luff.
d. a number of flags raised together as a signal.
8. (on a flag)
a. the vertical dimension as flown from a vertical staff.
b. the edge running next to the staff. Cf. fly (def. 36b).
[1540-50; later var. of HOISE, with -t as in AGAINST, etc.]
Syn. 1. elevate. See raise.
Ant. 1. lower.

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▪ mechanical device
      mechanical device used primarily for raising and lowering heavy loads but occasionally for moving objects horizontally. It usually consists of a block and tackle—a combination of one or more fixed pulleys, a moving pulley with a hook or other similar means of attaching loads, and a rope (or cable) between them. Motive power for a hoist may be either manual or supplied by an electric motor. Electrically powered hoists, commonly mounted to the floor or wall, are used for varied lifting and hauling operations in factories and warehouses. See also block and tackle.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hoist — may refer to: *Hoist (device), a machine for lifting loads *hoist controller, a machine for raising and lowering goods or personnel by means of a cable *Hydraulic hooklift hoist, another machine *Hoist (flag), the half of a flag nearer to the… …   Wikipedia

  • hoist — [hɔɪst] verb [transitive] to increase something quickly or suddenly: • The state is getting ready to hoist its sales tax next week. hoist noun [countable] : • High Street banks raised their lending rates by 2% following the Government s initial… …   Financial and business terms

  • hoist´er — hoist «hoyst», verb, noun. –v.t. to raise on high; lift up, often with ropes and pulleys: »to hoist a flag, to hoist sails, to hoist blocks of stone in building. –n. 1. the act of hoisting; lift; boost: »He gave me a hoist up the wall. 2 …   Useful english dictionary

  • hoist — ► VERB 1) raise by means of ropes and pulleys. 2) haul or lift up. ► NOUN 1) an act of hoisting. 2) an apparatus for hoisting. 3) the part of a flag nearest the staff. 4) a group of flags raised as a signal …   English terms dictionary

  • Hoist — Hoist, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Hoisted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Hoisting}.] [OE. hoise, hyse, OD. hyssen, D. hijshen; akin to LG. hissen, Dan. hisse, Sw. hissa.] To raise; to lift; to elevate; esp., to raise or lift to a desired elevation, by means of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hoist — (v.) 1540s, to raise, earlier hoise (c.1500), probably originally past tense of M.E. hysse (late 15c.), which is probably from M.Du. hyssen (Du. hijsen) to hoist, related to Low Ger. hissen and O.N. hissa upp raise. A nautical word found in most… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Hoist — Hoist, p. p. Hoisted. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] T is the sport to have the enginer Hoist with his own petar. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hoist — Hoist, n. 1. That by which anything is hoisted; the apparatus for lifting goods. [1913 Webster] 2. The act of hoisting; a lift. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster] 3. (Naut.) (a) The perpendicular height of a flag, as opposed to the fly, or horizontal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hoist — hoist; hoist·er; hoist·man; …   English syllables

  • hoist — meaning ‘to raise or haul up’, has past and past participle forms hoisted. Historically hoist is a participial form of an earlier verb hoise (with the same meaning), and it survives in this form in the expression hoist with one s own petard,… …   Modern English usage

  • hoist — [hoist] vt. [< HOISE + unhistoric t (< ? the pp.)] to raise aloft; lift or pull up, esp. by means of a cable, pulley, crane, etc. n. 1. an act of hoisting 2. an apparatus for raising heavy things; elevator; tackle 3. Naut. a) the… …   English World dictionary


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