hinterland


hinterland
/hin"teuhr land'/, n.
1. Often, hinterlands. the remote or less developed parts of a country; back country: The hinterlands are usually much more picturesque than the urban areas.
2. the land lying behind a coastal region.
3. an area or sphere of influence in the unoccupied interior claimed by the state possessing the coast.
4. an inland area supplying goods, esp. trade goods, to a port.
[1885-90; < G: lit., hinder land, i.e., land behind]

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also called  Umland 

      tributary region, either rural or urban or both, that is closely linked economically with a nearby town or city.

      George G. Chisholm (Handbook of Commercial Geography, 1888) transcribed the German word hinterland (land in back of), as hinderland, and used it to refer to the backcountry of a port or coastal settlement. Chisholm continued to use hinderland in subsequent editions of his Handbook, but the use of hinterland, in the same context, gained more widespread acceptance. By the early 20th century the backcountry or tributary region of a port was usually called its hinterland.

      As the study of ports became more sophisticated, maritime observers identified export and import hinterlands. An export hinterland is the backcountry region from which the goods being shipped from the port originate and an import hinterland is the backcountry region for which the goods shipped to the port are destined. Export and import hinterlands have complementary forelands that lie on the seaward side of the port. An export foreland is the region to which the goods being shipped from the port are bound and an import foreland is the region from which goods being shipped to the port originate.

      In the early 20th century, Andre Allix adopted the German word Umland (“land around”) to describe the economic realm of an inland town, while continuing to accept hinterland in reference to ports. Allix pointed out that umland (now a standard English term) is found in late 19th-century German dictionaries, but suggested that its use in the sense of “environs” dates back to the 15th century.

      Since Allix introduced the term umland, the differences between the meanings of hinterland and umland have become less distinct. The use of hinterland began to dominate references to coastal and inland tributary regions in the mid-20th century. Central-place hexagonal trade areas are often referred to as central-place hinterlands. The term urban hinterland has become commonplace when referring to city or metropolitan tributary regions that are closely tied to the central city. An example of a metropolitan hinterland is the Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) as designated by the U.S. Census Bureau. MSA's are comprised of a central city, defined by the corporate limits; an urbanized, built-up area contiguous to the central city; and a non-urbanized area, delimited on a county basis, economically tied to the central city.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hinterland — Hinterland …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • hinterland — [ intɛrlɑ̃d ] n. m. • 1894; mot all., de hinter « derrière » et Land « pays » ♦ Dr., géogr. Arrière pays. L hinterland d un grand port. ● hinterland nom masculin (allemand Hinterland, arrière pays) Région desservie par un port, une voie navigable …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hinterland — ist ein Begriff aus der Humangeographie in verschiedenen Kontexten. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Humangeographie 2 Politische Geographie 3 Verkehrsgeographie 4 Militärgeographie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hinterland — HÍNTERLAND, hinterlanduri, s.n. 1. Regiune relativ rigidă din punct de vedere tectonic, situată în spatele unui sistem muntos cutat. 2. Teritoriu care gravitează spre un centru economic. 3. Regiune învecinată cu un teritoriu ocupat, folosită ca… …   Dicționar Român

  • hinterland — hin‧ter‧land [ˈhɪntəlænd ǁ ər ] noun [singular] ECONOMICS the area around a particular place, especially a large city, that is economically important for that place: • Shanghai, and the vast hinterland of the Yangtze River delta * * * hinterland… …   Financial and business terms

  • hinterland — hin ter*land , n. [G.; hinter behind + land land.] a remote and undeveloped area; originally, the land or region lying behind the coast district. The term is used esp. with reference to the so called {doctrine of the hinterland}, sometimes… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hinterland — / hintəlant/, it. / interland/ (o, all ital., hinterland) s. neutro ted. [comp. di hinter dietro e Land terra ], usato in ital. al masch. (geogr.) [territorio che circonda una grande città] ▶◀ entroterra. ⇑ banlieue, cintura, dintorni, periferia …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • hinterland — 1890, from Ger. Hinterland, from hinter behind + Land land …   Etymology dictionary

  • hinterland — hìnterland m DEFINICIJA reg. pov. geogr. područje koje čini geografsku ili ekonomsku cjelinu; zaleđe ETIMOLOGIJA njem. Hinterland …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Hinterland — Hinterland, Landstrich des nordwestlichsten Theils der großherzoglich hessischen Provinz Oberhessen, welcher, im Durchschnitt etwa zwei Meilen breit u. acht Meilen lang, von Heuchelheim bei Gießen bis zur nördlichen Grenze bei Bromskirchen sich… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hinterland [1] — Hinterland (franz. Pays d amont) bezeichnet das stromaufwärts gelegene Land, das häufig von dem Besitzer des Mündungsgebietes eines Stromes in Anspruch genommen wird; im modernen Kolonialrecht ist H. überhaupt das Land, dessen natürliche Handels… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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