Hillsborough


Hillsborough
/hilz"berr'oh, -bur'oh/, n.
a town in W California. 10,451.

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also spelled  Hillsboro  

      town (township), Hillsborough county, southwestern New Hampshire, U.S., on the Contoocook River, west-southwest of Concord. The town includes the communities of Hillsborough, Hillsborough Center, Hillsborough Lower Village, and Hillsborough Upper Village. Granted in 1748 and named for John Hill, one of the Masonian Proprietors (a group of colonial-era landowners in New Hampshire), it was incorporated in 1772. It is a light industrial and agricultural centre but is known primarily as the birthplace of Franklin Pierce (Pierce, Franklin), 14th president of the United States; his homestead (1804) is preserved. Pat's Peak Ski Area and Franklin Pierce Lake are nearby. Area 44 square miles (113 square km). Pop. (1990) 4,498; (2000) 4,928.

      town, seat of Orange county, north-central North Carolina, U.S., on the Eno River about 10 miles (16 km) northwest of Durham. Laid out in 1754 on the site of a Native American village (Acconeech or Occaneechi), it was initially called Orange, then Corbinton (for Francis Corbin, a colonial official), and in 1759 it was incorporated as Childsburgh (for Thomas Childs, the provincial attorney general). It was renamed Hillsboro in 1766 to honour Wills Hill (1718–93), earl of Hillsborough, then secretary of state for the colonies; it became Hillsborough in 1965. In 1768–71 the town was the focus of disturbances by the Regulators (Regulators of North Carolina) (colonials who fought against high taxes and legal fees and corrupt royalist officials), and during the American Revolution it served for a time as state capital. It was the site of the third provincial congress (1775), and the General Assembly met there in 1778, 1780, and 1782–84. British troops under Lord Cornwallis (Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess and 2nd Earl, Viscount Brome, Baron Cornwallis of Eye) occupied the town in 1781 prior to the Battle of Guilford Courthouse. The first state convention to ratify the U.S. Constitution was held there in 1788, but the vote failed; the Constitution was ratified the following year at Fayetteville. Many Revolution-era buildings have been preserved, including Heartsease, home of Governor Thomas Burke and scene of his capture by Tories in 1781.

      An industrial economy prevails based on textiles and furniture, although manufacturing is becoming more diversified. Eno River State Park is just to the east. Pop. (1990) 4,263; (2000) 5,446.

      county, southern New Hampshire, U.S., bordered to the south by Massachusetts. It is a hilly upland region drained by the Merrimack (Merrimack River), Piscataquog, and other rivers and dotted with numerous small lakes, including Franklin Pierce Lake and Powder Mill Pond. Public lands include Clough, Greenfield, Miller, and Silver Lake state parks, as well as Fox, Vincent, and Casalis state forests. Timberland is largely white pine, with stands of maple, birch, beech, spruce, and fir. The county contains several covered truss bridges from the 19th century.

       Abenaki Indians of the Penacook Confederacy inhabited the region before European colonists in 1769 established Hillsborough, one of New Hampshire's original counties. It was named for Wills Hill, earl of Hillsborough. Early industries included soapstone quarrying in Francestown, from 1794, and cotton milling in New Ipswich, from 1803. Notable natives of the county included U.S. President Franklin Pierce (Pierce, Franklin), born in Hillsborough in 1804, and newspaper editor Horace Greeley (Greeley, Horace), born in Amherst in 1811.

      Hillsborough county is the manufacturing centre of the state because of the industrial cities that line the Merrimack River valley: Manchester, Nashua (the county seat), Merrimack, and Hudson. Amoskeag Falls has long provided hydropower for industry in Manchester, New Hampshire's largest city. These cities contributed to the county's status as a leading producer of textile goods before World War II. Since diversified, the economy now depends upon the manufacture of paper products, iron and steel, computer terminals, electrical equipment, and optical instruments. Hillsborough is the most populous county in the state. Area 876 square miles (2,270 square km). Pop. (2000) 382,388; (2007 est.) 402,302.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Hillsborough — bezeichnet mehrere Orte: in Grenada Hillsborough (Grenada) in Großbritannien Hillsborough (Sheffield), Stadtteil von Sheffield Hillsborough (Nordirland) in Kanada Hillsborough (New Brunswick) in Neuseeland Hillsborough (Neuseeland) in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hillsborough — Hillsborough, NH U.S. Census Designated Place in New Hampshire Population (2000): 1842 Housing Units (2000): 809 Land area (2000): 1.629421 sq. miles (4.220182 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000):… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hillsborough — es un pueblo en el condado de San Mateo, California, en el área de la bahía de San Francisco. Está situado diecisiete millas al sur de San Francisco en la península de San Francisco. La población era 10.825 en el censo 2000. El distrito de la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hillsborough, CA — U.S. town in California Population (2000): 10825 Housing Units (2000): 3804 Land area (2000): 6.225863 sq. miles (16.124910 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.225863 sq. miles (16.124910 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hillsborough, NC — U.S. town in North Carolina Population (2000): 5446 Housing Units (2000): 2329 Land area (2000): 4.581502 sq. miles (11.866036 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.007386 sq. miles (0.019129 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.588888 sq. miles (11.885165 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hillsborough, NH — U.S. Census Designated Place in New Hampshire Population (2000): 1842 Housing Units (2000): 809 Land area (2000): 1.629421 sq. miles (4.220182 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.629421 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hillsborough — (spr. Hillsborroh), 1) Grafschaft im Staate New Hampshire (Nordamerika), 44 QM.; Flüsse: Merimack, Contoocook u. Souhegau Rivers; zahlreiche kleine Seen; Producte: Mais, Hafer, Bataten, Rindvieh; Gewerbthätigkeit in Wolle, Baumwolle u. Eisen; die …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hillsborough — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Hillsborough peut faire référence à plusieurs lieux dans le monde : Comté de Hillsborough Hillsborough, village canadien du Nouveau Brunswick.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hillsborough — 1 Original name in latin Hillsborough Name in other language State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 54.46345 latitude 6.07664 altitude 113 Population 3872 Date 2007 04 13 2 Original name in latin Hillsborough Name in other language… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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